Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Department of Commerce
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Content on this page was last updated in 2010. Some of the content may be out of date. For more information: http://coralreef.noaa.gov.

Information Sources

Allison, A. 1996. Zoogeography of amphibians and reptiles of New Guinea and the Pacific region. Pages 407-436 in Keast, A. and S.E. Miller, editors. The origin and evolution of Pacific island biotas, New Guinea to Eastern Polynesia: Patterns and processes. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam.

Amesbury, S.S., 1992. Marine Fishes in the Ngermeduu Bay Area, Belau.
In: Synthesis Report: Ngeremeduu Bay Natural Resource Surveys, Babeldaob Island, Republic of Palau. Report to the Government of the Republic of Palau, Koror.

Bryant, D., L. Burke, J. McManus and M. Spaulding. 1998. Reefs at Risk: A Map-Based Indicator of Threats to the World’s Coral Reefs. A joint publication by World Resources Institute (WRI), International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM), World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
http://pdf.wri.org/reefs.pdf

Ecoregional Assessment Work Plan. Palau Tropical Moist Forest Ecoregion
Submitted for the TNC/WWF/NCC Peer Review Workshop, November 2005

CIA - The World Factbook 2000 - Palau. Retrieved (2000) from
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ps.html

Cole, T.G., M.C. Falanruw, C.D. MacLean, C.D. Whitesell, A.H. Ambacher. 1987. Vegetation survey of the Republic of Palau. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station Resource Bulletin PSW-22, Berkeley, California.
Colin, P.L. 2008. Velasco Reef: a sunken atoll with unusual “remnant” beds of the seagrass Thelassodendron ciliatum. Coral Reefs 27: 395.

Dahl, A.L. 1986. Review of the protected areas system in Oceania. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas, in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme.

Flannery, T.F. 1995. Mammals of the South-West Pacific & Moluccan Islands. Reed, Chatswood.

Golbuu, Y., A. Bauman, J.Kuartei, and S. Victor. 2005.  The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of Palau. pp. 488-507. In: J. Waddell (ed.). The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2005. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 11. NOAA/NCCOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment’s Biogeography Team. Silver Spring, MD. 522 pHilton-Taylor, C. (compiler) 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Integration and Application Network Image Library
www.ian.umces.edu/imagelibrary/

Invasive species in Palau
http://www.cbd.int/doc/submissions/ias/ias-pw-strategy-2007-en.pdf

Kelly-Borges, M. and C. Valentine. 1995. The sponges of the tropical island region of Oceania: A taxonomic status review. pp. (1) 83-120. In: J. Maragos, M.N.A. Peerson, L.G. Eldredge, J.E. Bardach, and H.F. Takeuchi (eds.) Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in the Tropical Island Pacific Region. Species Systematics and Information Management Priorities. East-West Center, Honolulu. 424 pp.

McManus J.W., L.A.B. Meñez, K.N.K.Reyes,  S.G.Vergara, and M.C. Ablan. 2000. Coral reef fishing and coral-algal phase shifts: implications for global reef status. ICES Journal of Marine Science 57(3): 572–578

Maragos, J.E., 1992.Surveys of Stony Corals off Ngeremeduu Bay, Eastern Babeldaob, and the Southern Barrier Reef of Palau. In. Synthesis Report. Ngeremeduu Bay Natural Resource Surveys, Babeldaob Island, Republic of Palau. Report to the Government of the Republic of Palau, Koror.

Mason, A.C.; Corwin, G.; Rogers, C.L.; Elmquist, P.O.; Vessel, A.J.; McCracken, R.J. (1956), "Introduction", Military Geology of Palau Islands, Caroline Islands, Tokyo: Intelligence Division, Office of the Engineer, U.S. Army Forces Far East.

Maragos, J.E., C. Birkeland, C. Cook, K. Des Rochers, R. Di Rosa, T.J. Donaldson, S.H. Geermans, M. Guilbeaux, H. Hirsh, L. Honig­man, N. Idechong, P.S. Lobel, E.Matthews, K.J. McDermid, K.Z. Meier, R. Myers, D. Otobed, R.H. Richmond, B. Smith, and R. Smith. 1994. Marine and Coastal Areas Survey of the Main Palau Islands: Part 2 Rapid Ecological Assessment Synthesis Report. Prepared by CORIAL and The Nature Conservancy. 125 pp.

Marino, S., A. Bauman, J. Miles, A. Kitalong, A. Bukurou, C. Mersai1, E. Verheij, I. Olkeriil, K. Basilius, P. Colin, S. Patris, S. Victor, W. Andrew, J. Miles and Y. Golbuu. 2008. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of Palau. In: Waddell, J.E. and A.M. Clarke (eds.), 2008. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2008. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 73. NOAA/NCCOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment’s Biogeography Team. Silver Spring, MD. 569 pp.

Mueller-Dombois, D. and F.R. Fosberg, Editors. 1998. Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands. Springer – Verlag New York, Inc. 733 pp.

Meyer, D.L. and D.B. Macurda, Jr. 1980. Ecology and Distribution of the Shallow-Water Crinoids of Palau and Guam. Micronesica 16: 59-99.

Myers R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes. Third Edition. Coral Graphics, Guam, pp 1-330. 

National Action Program to Combat Land Degradation.  The Republic of Palau. December 2004. Koror, Palau
http://www.unccd.int/actionprogrammes/asia/national/2005/palau-eng.pdf

Owen, R.P. 1977. Terrestrial vertebrate fauna of the Palau Islands. Office of the Chief Conservationist, Koror, Palau, Caroline Islands

Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission
SOPAC: Palau at a glance
http://www.sopac.org/Palau+at+a+Glance

Palau tropical moist forests
http://www.eoearth.org/article/Palau_tropical_moist_forests

Pennisi, E. 1997.  Brighter Prospects for the World's Coral Reefs? Science 277 (5325): 491 – 493.

Rapaport, M. (ed.). 1999. The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society. Honolulu: Bess Press.

ReefBase
http://www.reefbase.org/global_database/dbs1,23,PLW,3.aspx

Richmond, R. H., 1992. Marine macroinvertebrates in the Ngermeduu Bay area, Belau. In. Synthesis Report. Ngeremeduu Bay Natural Resource Surveys, Babeldaob Island, Republic of Palau. Report to the Government of the Republic of Palau, Koror.

Riding, R. 2002. Structure and composition of organic reefs and carbonate mud mounds: concepts and categories. Earth-Science Reviews 58 (1-2): 163-231

The Wood Explorer
http://www.thewoodexplorer.com/client/all_species.php

Van Balgooy, P.H. Hovenkamp, and P.C. Van Welzen. 1996. Phytogeography of the Pacific – floristic and historical distribution patterns in plants. Pages 191-213 in Keast, A. and S.E. Miller, editors. The origin and evolution of Pacific island biotas, New Guinea to Eastern Polynesia: Patterns and processes. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam.

Waddell, J. (editor), 2005.  The state of coral reef ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2005.  NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 11. NOAA/NCOOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment’s Biogeography Team, Silver Spring, MD., 522 pp.

Waddell, J.E. and A.M. Clarke (eds.), 2008. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2008. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 73. NOAA/NCCOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment’s Biogeography Team. Silver Spring, MD. 569 pp.

Wilkinson, C. 2008. Status of coral reefs of the world:
2008. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Reef and Rainforest Research Centre, Townsville, Australia, 296 pp.

(top)