NOAA TIFF Image - 8m Backscatter Mosaic, W00221-222 USVI 2012, Seafloor Characterization of the US Caribbean - Nancy Foster - M-I907-NF-12 (2012), UTM 20N NAD83

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
NOAA TIFF Image - 8m Backscatter Mosaic, W00221-222 USVI 2012, Seafloor Characterization of the US Caribbean - Nancy Foster - M-I907-NF-12 (2012), UTM 20N NAD83
Abstract:
This image represents a 8 meter resolution backscatter mosaic of of a sharply sloping swath of the St. John Shelf, south of NE Reserve, offshore of Fajardo, Puerto Rico. NOAA's NOS/NCCOS/CCMA Biogeography Team, in collaboration with NOAA vessel Nancy Foster and territory, federal, and private sector partners, acquired multibeam bathymetry data in the in the Northeast Reserve from 4/04/2012 to 4/20/2012. Data was acquired with a hull-mounted Kongsberg 1002 multibeam echosounder (95 kHz) and processed by a NOAA contractor using CARIS HIPS software. Data has all correctors applied (attitude, sound velocity) and has been reduced to mean lower low water (MLLW) using final approved tides from NOAA COOPS. Data is in UTM zone 20 north, datum NAD83. The backscatter component of the bathymetry data were geometrically and radiometrically corrected using Fledermaus Geocoder Toolbox 7.3 software. Acoustic backscatter mosaics are ostensibly an important piece of information when characterizing surficial seafloor features and delineating benthic habitats.The project was conducted to meet IHO Order 1 and 2 accuracy standards, dependant on the project area and depth. All users should individually evaluate the suitability of this data according to their own needs and standards.
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch, 201212, NOAA TIFF Image - 8m Backscatter Mosaic, W00221-222 USVI 2012, Seafloor Characterization of the US Caribbean - Nancy Foster - M-I907-NF-12 (2012), UTM 20N NAD83: NOAA's National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Silver Spring, MD.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -65.5868
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -65.3289
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.5370
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.3802

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 04-Apr-2012
    Ending_Date: 20-Apr-2012
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:

      • Dimensions 2123 x 3437 x 1, type Grid Cell

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 20
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -63.000000
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
      False_Easting: 500000.000000
      False_Northing: 0.000000

      Planar coordinates are encoded using row and column
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 8.000000
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 8.000000
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters

      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222.

      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: Mean lower low water
      Depth_Resolution: 0.0000001
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Explicit depth coordinate included with horizontal coordinates

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch
    Project Manager - Seafloor Characterization of US Caribbean
    1305 East West Highway, SSMC4
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    USA

    (301) 713-3028 (voice)
    (301) 713-4384 (FAX)

    Contact_Instructions:
    Contact info is for CCMA general reception. Please ask for current Biogeography project manager for Seafloor Characterization of US Caribbean.


Why was the data set created?

This multibeam data was collected as IOCM (Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping) project M-I907-NF-12 during the ninth year of an ongoing NOAA scientific research mission in the US Caribbean to characterize midshelf and deep water coral reef habitats at depths down to 1,000 meters. The mission purpose is to better understand the resources within the surveyed reef habitats, and ultimately develop species utilization models linking physical habitats with biological information. The multibeam backscatter, multibeam bathymetry, and ground truth video footage collected during the 2011 mission will be used internally to characterize sea floor topography and to create benthic habitat maps, helping NOAA meet its mapping commitment to the US Coral Reef Task Force. The resulting publicly-distributed data is also a contribution to the greater scientific community interested in the US Caribbean seafloor.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

    Raw Multibeam Data M-I907-NF-12 (source 1 of 3)
    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch, Unpublished material, Raw .ALL Multibeam Data.

    Type_of_Source_Media: external hard drive
    Source_Contribution: raw .all files

    NF12_PR_1002_backscatter_mosaic (source 2 of 3)
    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Sciences (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch, Unpublished material, M-I907-NF-12 8m Backscatter Mosaic.

    Type_of_Source_Media: external hard drive
    Source_Contribution: Created from beam time series sourced from processed .All data.

    NF12_PR_1002_backscatter_8m.tif (source 3 of 3)
    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch, 2012, NF12_PR_1002_backscatter_8m.tif.

    Online Links:

    Type_of_Source_Media: external hard drive
    Source_Contribution: Exported GeoreffereneeoTiff.

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: Apr-2012 (process 1 of 3)
    For this project, the Chief Scientist was NOAA/NOS/NCCOS/CCMA's Tim Battista and the Lead Hydrographer was independent contractor Mike Stecher. Data was collected aboard the NOAA ship Nancy Foster from 4/04/2012 to 4/20/2012, as project number M-I907-NF-12. Multibeam data was acquired in Kongsburg .ALL formats with hull-mounted Em 1002 multibeam echosounders (95 kHz). Backscatter snippet collection was enabled. Line spacing for acquisition was three times the water depth, and data was retained out to 60 degrees from nadir, depending on project area. Heave, roll, pitch and heading correctors were collected using an Applanix POS/MV Model 320 inertial measurement unit (IMU) and associated Trimble GPS antennas. Sound velocity profiles were acquired with a Seabird Electronics SeaCat SBE19P CTD profiler and processed using Seabird Seaterm software. Positioning was obtained using Northstar 941X GPS receivers with differential correctors from U.S. Coast Guard CORS beacon Isabel, Puerto Rico. Data was reduced to Mean Lower-Low Water (MLLW) using final approved tides from NOAA COOPS, based on National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON).

    Data sources used in this process:

    • Raw Multibeam Data M-I907-NF-12

    Date: Oct-2012 (process 2 of 3)
    Raw .hsx and .all data were converted and processed using CARIS HIPS v7.0 software, resulting in a CARIS HDCS format dataset with all correctors applied. Attitude and SWMB data was cleaned of fliers, and SWMB data was reviewed in subset mode by a NOAA contractor.

    Date: Dec-2012 (process 3 of 3)
    Acoustic backscatter mosaics are ostensibly an important piece of information when characterizing surficial seafloor features and delineating benthic habitats. The multibeam backscatter data were corrected for geometric and radiometric distortions using Fledermaus Geocoder Toolbox 7.3. In particular, the following corrections were applied where appropriate and when artifacts were evident: AVG Trend, TX Power and RX Gain, Area Correction, Spreading, Slant-Range and Extracted Beam Pattern. As no theoretical beam pattern for the Kongsberg Simrad 1002 system exists, it was extracted from a mapped area that was flat and had a relatively uniform (sandy) substrate. Individual lines were also truncated based on ping number and/or angle of incidence where appropriate. The final mosaics were exported as geotiffs in NAD 1983 UTM Zone 20N and Backscatter values as relative decibel outputs in 16 bit 0-255 colorscale.

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    See Data Acquisition and Processing Report (DAPR) for M-I907-NF-12 (to be posted at <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/products/biogeography/usvi_nps/documentation.aspx>).

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    See Data Acquisition and Processing Report (DAPR) for M-I907-NF-12.

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    This GeoTIFF is sourced from a CARIS gridded dataset. The original full-resolution multibeam data was used to create a downsampled uniform-resolution CARIS BASE (Bathymetry Associated with Statistical Error) surface grid with a best depth component. The downsampled grid nodes from that depth surface were then exported and used to generate the ESRI Grid. Some positional shifts may have occurred between the original data points and the transformed grid.

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    While the project was conducted to meet IHO Order 1 and 2 accuracy standards, dependant on project area and depth, all users should independently analyze the dataset according to their own needs and standards to determine data usability.


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: Please cite any use of this data.
Use_Constraints:
Note: NOT TO BE USED FOR NAVIGATION. These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch
    Project Manager - Seafloor Characterization of US Caribbean
    1305 East West Highway, SSMC4
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    USA

    (301) 713-3028 (voice)
    (301) 713-4384 (FAX)

    Contact_Instructions:
    Contact info is for CCMA general reception. Please ask for current Biogeography project manager for Seafloor Characterization of US Caribbean.
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.

  4. How can I download or order the data?


Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 18-Sep-2014
Metadata author:
NOAA/NOS/NCCOS/CCMA Biogeography Branch
Attn: Project Manager for Seafloor Characterization of US Caribbean
1305 East West Highway, SSMC4
Silver Spring, MD 20910
USA

(301) 713-3028 (voice)

Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)


Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Sat Oct 25 10:43:37 2014