Preliminary hard and soft bottom seafloor substrate map derived from gridded sidescan and bathymetry derivatives at Apra Harbor, Guam U.S. Territory.

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
Preliminary hard and soft bottom seafloor substrate map derived from gridded sidescan and bathymetry derivatives at Apra Harbor, Guam U.S. Territory.
Abstract:
Preliminary hard and soft seafloor substrate map classified from sidescan data and bathymetric derivatives at Apra Harbor, Guam U.S. Territory. The dataset was created using Bathymetric Position Index (bpi) zones derived from Reson SeaBat 8125 multibeam data at a 1 m grid cell size, and Klein 3000 sidescan sonar data. The sonar frequency is 455 kHz for the Reson Seabat 8125 multibeam echosounder. Additional information on multibeam and sidescan datasets can be found in the Data Acquisition and Processing Report (DAPR) that can be accessed at: www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc. Classification of the bathymetry and sidescan data into hard and soft seafloor substrates were validated using groundtruth data collected for the US Navy in Appendix J of the Final EIS Statement: Guam and CNMI Military Relocation accessed at: <http://www.guambuildupeis.us/final_documents>. Survey site images can be found at <http://guamreeflife.com/htm/reeftour/cvn_survey_sites.htm>. Although hard and soft classes from the substrate map are highly correlated with those from the optical validation data, the substrate map should be used with caution as groundtruth data were mostly collected at areas of known hard bottom in less than 60 ft of water depth.
Supplemental_Information:
Survey data were acquired by the United States Navy (USN) Fleet Survey Team (FST) with Survey Vessel Swamp Fox. A Reson 8125 multibeam echosounder was mounted from an arm on the port side of the vessel. The Klein 3000 Side Scan Sonar was operated in the stern-towed configuration. Additional detailed information on data acquisition, equipment configuration, and corrections can be found in the Data Acquisition and Processing Report (DAPR), SWAMPFOX_DAPR_2008.pdf, that can be accessed at: www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc and is included in the ZIP file containing the bathymetry grids. See the process description portion of this document for additional information about how the classes were derived.
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 20101122, Preliminary hard and soft bottom seafloor substrate map derived from gridded sidescan and bathymetry derivatives at Apra Harbor, Guam U.S. Territory..

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: 144.614
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: 144.676
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 13.464
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 13.418

  3. What does it look like?

    <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/CNMI_images/apra_5m_hardsoft_445.jpg> (JPEG)
    Hard and Soft Seafloor Substrate

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 29-Mar-2008
    Ending_Date: 04-May-2008
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: digital data

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:

      • Dimensions 1021 x 1333 x 1, type Grid Cell

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 55
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: 147
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0
      False_Easting: 500000
      False_Northing: 0

      Planar coordinates are encoded using Row and Column
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 5
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 5
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters

      The horizontal datum used is D_WGS_1984.
      The ellipsoid used is WGS_1984.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257224.

      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: mean lower low water
      Depth_Resolution: 0.01
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute Values

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: none
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: none


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    PIBHMC, CRED, PIFSC, NOAA, and JIMAR

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    NOAA IRC
    Honolulu, HI 96818

    808 725-5360 (voice)
    808 725-5429 (FAX)
    nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov

    Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred


Why was the data set created?

The hard and soft seafloor map is being used to improve sampling techniques for long-term ecosystem monitoring, to guide future ground-truthing operations and to identify coral-rich and species specific environments. This is a preliminary product and the methods used to generate the map are currently being evaluated for their accuracy.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 15-Nov-2010 (process 1 of 1)
    Processing steps used to generate the sidescan and bathymetry are described in their own metadata that can be found at www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc. Initial efforts to create a hard and soft substrate map using traditional methods at PIBHMC were unsuccessful due to shadowing effects in the sidescan imagery. Instead, Bathymetric Position Index Zones were derived from the gridded multibeam bathymetry (apra_bty_1m) using the Benthic Terrain Modeler (BTM). The BTM (written for ArcGIS 8.x or 9.x) may be downloaded from <http://dusk2.geo.orst.edu/djl/samoa/tools.html>. BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope wherein bathymetric highs and lows are designated as crests and depressions respectively. After testing 5 experimental scales, the bpi with scalefactor 10 was chosen based on the diameter of reef structures seen in the bathymetry (also after Lundblad et al. 2006; see Supplemental_Information). Two ranges of slope defined flats and slopes: x < 5 and 5 < x < 70. The BPI Zones map was reclassified using the Spatial Analyst>Reclassify tool in ArcMap version 9.3.1 wherein classes equal to crests and slopes were considered hard and classes equal to flats were considered soft. These features were selected to correspond to hard features following visual assessment of the BPI map against the sidescan data. Depressions were validated by the sidescan imagery and called hard when corresponding to a sidescan value < 90 and soft when corresponding to a sidescan value > 90. Some additional areas corresponding to hard sidescan values (< 90) which did not correspond to features identified in the BPI map were also classified as hard. These were manually delineated in the raster using tools in ArcGIS version 9.3.1.

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    Data are collected for resource management and research purposes and are tested for internal consistency; however, no effort is made to compare these data to external references or to other published data.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    Horizontal positioning system: see DAPR Horizontal position accuracy: see DAPR

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    see DAPR Raw sounding resolution: Variable

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    Complete

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    These data are believed to be logically consistent though no tests were performed


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data are not to be used for navigation purposes. Please acknowledge the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) and the Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), and the Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research (JIMAR) and School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), University of Hawaii as the sources of this information.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    NOAA IRC
    Honolulu, HI 96818

    808 725-5360 (voice)
    808 725-5429 (FAX)
    nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov

    Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    These data are not to be used for navigational purposes. NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.

  4. How can I download or order the data?


Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 12-Mar-2014
Last Reviewed: 02-Dec-2010
Metadata author:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
NOAA IRC
Honolulu, HI 96818

808 725-5360 (voice)
808 725-5429 (FAX)
nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov

Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)


Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Sat Aug 30 10:40:51 2014