CRED 5m Gridded bathymetry of Nihoa Island, Hawaii, USA (NetCDF Format)

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
CRED 5m Gridded bathymetry of Nihoa Island, Hawaii, USA (NetCDF Format)
Abstract:
Gridded bathymetry (5m) of the shelf environment of Nihoa Island, Hawaii, USA. This netCDF grid includes multibeam bathymetry from the Simrad EM120, Simrad EM1002, Simrad EM300, and Simrad EM3002d multibeam sonars collected as of December 2006 by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Division in depths between 20 and 500 meters.
Supplemental_Information:
Multibeam data were collected aboard the NOAA Ship Hi'ialakai, a 218' United States National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration research ship. The NOAA Ship Hiialakai's survey sensors include a 30 kHz Simrad EM300 sonar and a 300 kHz Simrad EM3002d sonar, which provide bathymetry and imagery data, a TSS/Applanix POS/MV Model 320, which measures position, velocity, attitude and heading, and a Seabird SBE 9/11 plus CTD used to measure sound velocity profiles.

Specific equipment configurations are documented in cruise metadata from the following cruises: HI0501, HI0612. These metadata can be accessed at: <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_cruise-catalog.htm>

  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 20070416, CRED 5m Gridded bathymetry of Nihoa Island, Hawaii, USA (NetCDF Format).

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -162.393518
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -161.686390
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 23.252926
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 22.887217

  3. What does it look like?

    <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/NWHI_images/Nihoa_5m_500.jpg> (JPEG)
    Multibeam Bathymetry

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 04-Apr-2005
    Ending_Date: 29-Oct-2006
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: digital data

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:

      • Dimensions 7810 x 14344 x 1, type Grid Cell

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 4
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -159
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0
      False_Easting: 500000
      False_Northing: 0

      Planar coordinates are encoded using Row and Column
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 5
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 5
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters

      The horizontal datum used is D_WGS_1984.
      The ellipsoid used is WGS_1984.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257224.

      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: mean lower low water
      Depth_Resolution: 0.01
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute Values

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Depth values are real values based on the average of the soundings that fell within the extracted grid cells. The number of soundings per grid cell range from >1000 soundings in shallow depths to as few as 20 soundings in deeper areas. A total error budget for this survey has not been developed. Therefore, the accuracy of depth measurements should be considered to be within 1 meter.
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: none


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    PIBHMC, CRED, PIFSC, NOAA and JIMAR

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    NOAA IRC
    Honolulu, HI 96818

    808 725-5360 (voice)
    808 725-5429 (FAX)
    nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov

    Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred


Why was the data set created?

The netCDF grid was created using data gathered from multibeam soundings for use as a planning and reference document. The data are also being used for benthic habitat mapping, for locating Essential Fish Habitat, and for studying geologic features of the area. Refer to supplemental information for description of instrument and survey.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 01-Dec-2006 (process 1 of 1)
    Multibeam swath files are acquired in the Generic Sensor Format (GSF) and are edited on a swath by swath basis using SAIC's SABER editing software. The edited swath files are then combined into a Pure File Magic (PFM) format in SABER and area based editing is performed. The edited PFM is then exported as X,Y,Z points with a defined grid cell size and the points are combined with X,Y,Z IKONOS estimated depth points. The resulting X,Y,Z data are then gridded using xyz2grd, a Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) algorithm that converts an ASCII or binary table to a netCDF grid file format. GMT is an open source collection of tools for manipulating geographic data sets. Grid nodes with more than one value are set to the average value and unconstrained nodes are set to NaN. Finally, the netCDF grid is clipped at a depth that minimizes data gaps for the specified grid cell size and then converted to an ArcGIS ASCII file format using LINUX/UNIX commands in combination with GMT. Additional information about GMT can be found at: www.soest.hawaii.edu/gmt and additional information about the multibeam data processing is recorded in the cruise metadata.

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    Data are collected for resource management and research purposes and are tested for internal consistency; however, no effort is made to compare these data to external references or to other published data.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    Horizontal positioning system: Variable, see process description Horizontal position accuracy: Variable, see process description

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    Variable, see process description Raw sounding resolution: Variable, see process description

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    Complete

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    These data are believed to be logically consistent though no tests were performed


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data are not to be used for navigation purposes. Please acknowledge NOAA and the Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research (JIMAR) University of Hawaii as the sources of this information.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    NOAA IRC
    Honolulu, HI 96818

    808 725-5360 (voice)
    808 725-5429 (FAX)
    nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov

    Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    These data are not to be used for navigational purposes. NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.

  4. How can I download or order the data?


Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 12-Mar-2014
Last Reviewed: 19-Feb-2009
Metadata author:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
NOAA IRC
Honolulu, HI 96818

808 725-5360 (voice)
808 725-5429 (FAX)
nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov

Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)


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