Hillshades for the main 8 Hawaiian Islands

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title: Hillshades for the main 8 Hawaiian Islands
Abstract:
These hillshade datasets were derived from USGS 7.5' DEM Quads for the main 8 Hawaiian Islands. Individual DEM quads were first converted to a common datum, and vertical unit, and subsequently mosaicked in ArcGIS 9.x. The hillshade were created from these DEMs using the Hillshade function in ArcGIS 9.2's Spatial Analyst Extension. For all the hillshades, the altitude was set at 45, the Z factor at 1 and the output cell size at 10. The azimuth was set to 45 for the Hawaii (Big Island), Maui and Kauai hillshades. The azimuth was set to 315 for the remaining island hillshades. All rasters are 16 bit signed integers with a spatial resolution of 10 meters. They are in the ERDAS Imagine (.img) format and are referenced to the NAD83 UTM coordinate system. The hillshade for Hawaii (Big Island) is in UTM zone 5N, and the hillshades for the remaining 7 islands are in UTM zone 4N. On this metadata sheet, the bounding coordinates and row and column counts are for a hypothetical 10m grid that would contain the 8 main Hawaiian Islands. For bounding coordinates and the number of rows and columns for each actual, individual hillshade, users should consult their respective layer properties.
Supplemental_Information:
For more infomration regarding digital elevation models, please refer to the following URL: <http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/factsheets/fs04000.html>

For more information regarding the hillshade computation, please refer to the following URL: <http://webhelp.esri.com/arcgisdesktop/9.2/index.cfm?id=4360&pid=4351&topicname=Hillshade>

  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch, 2007, Hillshades for the main 8 Hawaiian Islands: NOAA's National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Silver Spring, MD.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -160.247
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -154.807
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 22.228
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.911

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Calendar_Date: 2007
    Currentness_Reference: publication date

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:

      • Dimensions 57300 x 39900 x 1, type Grid Cell

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 4
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -159
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.0
      False_Easting: 500000
      False_Northing: 0.0

      Planar coordinates are encoded using Row and Column
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 10.000000
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 10.000000
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters

      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222.

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Hillshades
    Hillshades for main 8 Hawaiian Islands (Source: NOAA)


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch
    1305 East West Highway, SSMC4
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    USA

    (301) 713-3028 (voice)
    (301) 713-4384 (FAX)


Why was the data set created?

These datasets were created to be used in GIS for visualization and analysis.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: Unknown (process 1 of 3)
    The USGS has used four methods to collect DEM data. Of these methods, only one, interpolation from vectors or digital line graph (DLG) hypsographic and hydrographic data, is currently used for 7.5-minute DEM's and other series DEM's.

    Person who carried out this activity:

    United States Geologic Survey (USGS) : EROS Data Center
    EROS Data Center
    Sioux Falls, SD 57198
    U.S.A.

    605-594-6151 (voice)
    605-594-6589 (FAX)
    custserv@usgs.gov

    Date: 2007 (process 2 of 3)
    Individual quad DEM's were converted to a common projection, datum, and vertical unit, then mosaicked together in ArcGIS 9.x. They were subsequently clipped to each island's shoreline and exported as ESRI raster grids.

    Person who carried out this activity:

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch
    1305 East West Highway
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    U.S.A.

    (301) 713-3028 (voice)
    (301) 713-4384 (FAX)

    Contact_Instructions: <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/ecosystems/coralreef/main8hi_mapping/>
    Date: Jul-2007 (process 3 of 3)
    The hillshade were created from these DEMs using the Hillshade function in ArcGIS 9.2's Spatial Analyst Extension. For all the hillshades, the altitude was set at 45, the Z factor at 1 and the output cell size at 10. The azimuth was set to 45 for the Hawaii (Big Island), Maui and Kauai hillshades. The azimuth was set to 315 for the remaining island hillshades.

    Person who carried out this activity:

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch
    1305 East West Highway
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    U.S.A.

    (301) 713-3028 (voice)
    (301) 713-4384 (FAX)

    Contact_Instructions: <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/ecosystems/coralreef/main8hi_mapping/>
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    The accuracy of these DEMs (and hillshades) depend on the source and resolution of the data samples. DEM data accuracy is derived by comparing linear interpolation elevations in the DEM with corresponding map location elevations and computing the statistical standard deviation or root-mean-square error (RMSE). The RMSE is used to describe the DEM accuracy. For 7.5-minute DEM's derived from a photogrammetric source, 90 percent have a vertical accuracy of 7-meter RMSE or better and 10 percent are in the 8- to 15-meter range. For 7.5- and 15-minute DEM's derived from vector or DLG hypsographic and hydrographic source data, an RMSE of one-half of a contour interval or better is required. The 1-degree DEM data have an absolute accuracy of 130 meters horizontally and 30 meters vertically.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    The accuracy of these DEMs (and hillshades) depend on the source and resolution of the data samples. DEM data accuracy is derived by comparing linear interpolation elevations in the DEM with corresponding map location elevations and computing the statistical standard deviation or root-mean-square error (RMSE). The RMSE is used to describe the DEM accuracy. For 7.5-minute DEM's derived from a photogrammetric source, 90 percent have a vertical accuracy of 7-meter RMSE or better and 10 percent are in the 8- to 15-meter range. For 7.5- and 15-minute DEM's derived from vector or DLG hypsographic and hydrographic source data, an RMSE of one-half of a contour interval or better is required. The 1-degree DEM data have an absolute accuracy of 130 meters horizontally and 30 meters vertically.

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    The accuracy of these DEMs (and hillshades) depend on the source and resolution of the data samples. DEM data accuracy is derived by comparing linear interpolation elevations in the DEM with corresponding map location elevations and computing the statistical standard deviation or root-mean-square error (RMSE). The RMSE is used to describe the DEM accuracy. For 7.5-minute DEM's derived from a photogrammetric source, 90 percent have a vertical accuracy of 7-meter RMSE or better and 10 percent are in the 8- to 15-meter range. For 7.5- and 15-minute DEM's derived from vector or DLG hypsographic and hydrographic source data, an RMSE of one-half of a contour interval or better is required. The 1-degree DEM data have an absolute accuracy of 130 meters horizontally and 30 meters vertically.

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    These hillshades cover the full land extent of the main 8 Hawaiian islands (i.e., Hawaii, Maui, Kahoolawe, Lanai, Molokai, Oahu, Kauai and Niihau). They were created from 7.5' quad DEMs that were mosaiced together and exported as ESRI grids. Data profiles for this product may not be consistent due to the variable angle between true north and grid north in the UTM coordinate system.

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    All users should independently analyze the dataset according to their own needs and standards to determine data usability.


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: Please cite the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.
Use_Constraints:
These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Branch
    1305 East West Highway
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    U.S.A.

    (301) 713-3028 (voice)
    (301) 713-4388 (FAX)

  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.

  4. How can I download or order the data?

  5. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?

    GIS or remote sensing software.


Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 08-Dec-2012
Last Reviewed: 24-Nov-2008
Metadata author:
NOAA/NOS/NCCOS/CCMA Biogeography Branch
1305 East West Highway, SSMC4
Silver Spring, MD 20910
USA

(301) 713-3028 (voice)
(301) 713-4384 (FAX)

Contact_Instructions: <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/ecosystems/coralreef/main8hi_mapping/>
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)


Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Wed Apr 23 10:39:31 2014