Resource Description: NODC Accession Number 0000969
Jokiel, Dr. Paul , Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, Oceanography, Department Of , School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, Hawaii, University Of , Brown, Mr. Eric , Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, Oceanography, Department Of , School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, Hawaii, University Of , Friedlander, Dr. Alan , and Institute, The Oceanic , Unpublished material, Hawaii Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (CRAMP): Benthic Data from 1999-2001 (NODC Accession 0000969).
Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service United States Geological Survey State of Hawaii, Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Aquatic Resources Kahoolawe Island Reserve Commission United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Coastal Program Limahuli National Botanical Garden Save Our Seas
To understand the ecology of Hawaiian coral reefs in relation to other geographic areas and to monitor change at each given site. CRAMP experimental design allows detection of changes that can be attributed to various factors such as: overuse (over-fishing, anchor damage, aquarium trade collection, etc.), sedimentation, nutrient loading, catastrophic natural events (storm wave impact, lavaflows), coastal construction, urbanization, global warming (bleaching), introduced species, algal invasions, and fish and invertebrate diseases. The emphasis of the program is on the major problems facing Hawaiian coral reefs as listed by managers and reef scientists during workshops and meetingsheld in Hawaii (1997-1998). These are: over-fishing, sedimentation, eutrophication, and algal outbreaks. CRAMP experimental design gives priority to areas where baseline data relevant to these issues were previously collected. Transect dimensions, number of replicates, and methods of evaluation have been selected to detect changes with statistical confidence. Standard techniques include the establishment of permanent transects to quantify fish, coral, algae, and invertebrates at study sites. CRAMP researchers are quantifying changes that have occurred on coral reefs subjected to varying degrees of fishing pressure, sedimentation, eutrophication, and algal growth and are conducting experimental work in order to test hypotheses concerning the role of these environmental factors in the ecology of coral reefs. We are also in the process of resurveying, updating and integrating existing ecological information on an array of coral reefs that have been designated as areas of concern or, "hot spots," by managers and scientists.
Brown, E., Cox, E., Tissot, B., Rodgers, K., and Smith, W., 1999, Evaluation of benthic sampling methods considered for the Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (CRAMP) in Hawaii.
Connell, J. H. , Hughes, T. P. , and Wallace, C. C. , 1997, A 30-year study of coral abundance, recruitment, and disturbance at several scales in space and time: Ecol. Mono. 67(4): 461-488..
Friedlander, Alan, and Parrish, James, 1998, Habitat characteristics affecting fish assemblages on a Hawaiian coral reef: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 224: 1-30..
Green, R. H. , and Smith, S. R. , 1997, Sample program design and environmental impact assessment on coral reef.: Proc 8th International Coral Reef Symposium 2: 1459-1464..
McCormick, Mark, 1994, Comparison of field methods for measuring surfacetopography and their associations with a tropical reef fish assemblage: Marine Ecology Progress Series 112: 87-96.
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