NOAA TIFF Image - 1 m Backscatter Mosaic of Bajo de Cico, Puerto Rico, Project NF-07-06, 2007, UTM 19 NAD83

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Frequently anticipated questions:


What does this data set describe?

Title:
NOAA TIFF Image - 1 m Backscatter Mosaic of Bajo de Cico, Puerto Rico, Project NF-07-06, 2007, UTM 19 NAD83
Abstract:
This image represents a 1 meter resolution backscatter mosaic of Bajo de Cico off the coast of western Puerto Rico, collected using a Kongsberg EM 1002 (95 kHz) multibeam echosounder.

NOAA's NOS/NCCOS/CCMA Biogeography Team, in collaboration with NOAA vessel Nancy Foster and territory, federal, and private sector partners, acquired multibeam bathymetry data in the U.S. Caribbean from 4/14/07 to 4/24/07. Data was acquired with a hull-mounted Kongsberg Simrad EM 1002 multibeam echosounder (95 kHz) and with a moon pool-mounted Reson 8124 multibeam echosounder (200 kHz). It was processed by a NOAA contractor using CARIS HIPS software. Data has all correctors applied (attitude, sound velocity) and has been reduced to mean lower low water (MLLW) using final approved tides from NOAA COOPS. Data is in UTM zone 19 north, datum NAD83. The backscatter component of the bathymetry data were geometrically and radiometrically corrected using Geocoder 3.0 software. Acoustic backscatter mosaics are ostensibly an important piece of information when characterizing surficial seafloor features and delineating benthic habitats.

The project was conducted to meet IHO Order 1 and 2 accuracy standards, dependant on the project area and depth. All users should individually evaluate the suitability of this data according to their own needs and standards.

Supplemental_Information:
Depth datum is mean lower low water, units are meters and encoding method is explicit depth coordinate included with horizontal coordinates. Vertical Coordinate System information may be found in the Data Acquisition and Processing Report (DAPR) for cruise number NF-07-06 at <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/products/biogeography/usvi_nps/pdf/NF-07-06_DAPR.pdf>
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Program, 200711, NOAA TIFF Image - 1 m Backscatter Mosaic of Bajo de Cico, Puerto Rico, Project NF-07-06, 2007, UTM 19 NAD83: NOAA's National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Silver Spring, MD.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -67.441747
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -67.376099
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.263501
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.208831

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 14-Apr-2007
    Ending_Date: 24-Apr-2007
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      This is a Raster data set. It contains the following raster data types:

      • Dimensions 5991 x 6891 x 1, type Pixel

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
      Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
      UTM_Zone_Number: 19
      Transverse_Mercator:
      Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
      Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -69.000000
      Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
      False_Easting: 500000.000000
      False_Northing: 0.000000

      Planar coordinates are encoded using Row and Column
      Abscissae (x-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 1.000000
      Ordinates (y-coordinates) are specified to the nearest 1.000000
      Planar coordinates are specified in meters

      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.000000.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257222.

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Band_1
    Unknown (Source: Unknown)

    ObjectID
    Internal feature number. (Source: ESRI)

    Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.

    Value
    Decibels (dB) (Source: NOAA)

    ValueDefinition
    Decibels (dB)Intensity of returned sound

    Count
    Number of pixels with enumerated value (Source: NOAA)

    ValueDefinition
    Pixel countNumber of pixels with a particular dB value


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Program

    NOAA - NMAO personnel and R/V NANCY FOSTER

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Program
    Project Manager - U.S. Caribbean
    1305 East West Highway, SSMC4
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    USA

    (301) 713-3028 (voice)
    (301) 713-4388 (FAX)

    Contact_Instructions:
    Contact info is for CCMA general reception. Please ask for current Biogeography project manager for U.S. Caribbean Seafloor Characterization Project.


Why was the data set created?

This multibeam data was collected as IOCM (Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping) project NF-07-06 during the fourth year of an ongoing NOAA scientific research mission in the US Caribbean to characterize midshelf and deep water coral reef habitats at depths down to 1,000 meters. The mission purpose is to better understand the resources within the surveyed reef habitats, and ultimately develop species utilization models linking physical habitats with biological information. The multibeam backscatter, multibeam bathymetry, and ground truth video footage collected during the 2007 mission will be used internally to characterize sea floor topography and to create benthic habitat maps, helping NOAA meet its mapping commitment to the US Coral Reef Task Force. The resulting publicly-distributed data is also a contribution to the greater scientific community interested in the U.S. Caribbean seafloor.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

    NF-07-06 Raw Multibeam Data (source 1 of 3)
    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Program, Unpublished Material, NF-07-06 Raw Multibeam Data.

    Type_of_Source_Media: external hard drive
    Source_Contribution: Original raw full resolution dataset.

    NF-07-06 HDCS Processed Multibeam Data (source 2 of 3)
    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Program, Unpublished Material, NF-07-06 HDCS Processed Multibeam Data.

    Type_of_Source_Media: external hard drive
    Source_Contribution:
    Processed, cleaned, and corrected full resolution dataset. Sourced from raw .all and .xtf data.

    unknown source backscatter product (source 3 of 3)
    Unknown, Unknown, unknown source backscatter product.

    Type_of_Source_Media: external hard drive
    Source_Contribution: unknown source backscatter product

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 2007 (process 1 of 3)
    For this project, the Chief Scientist was NOAA/NOS/NCCOS/CCMA's Tim Battista and the Lead Hydrographer was independent contractor Mike Stecher. Data was collected aboard the NOAA ship Nancy Foster from 4/14/2007 to 4/24/2007, as project number NF-07-03. Multibeam data was acquired in: 1) Simrad .all format with a hull-mounted Kongsberg Simrad EM 1002 multibeam echosounder (95 kHz); and 2) .xtf format with a moon pool-mounted Reson 8124 multibeam echosounder (200 kHz). Both MBES systems had backscatter snippet collection enabled. Line spacing for acquisition was three times the water depth (for the EM 1002) and 3.5 times the water depth (for the Reson 8124). Data was retained out to 60 degrees from nadir, depending on project area. Heave, roll, pitch and heading correctors were collected using an Applanix POS/MV Model 320 inertial measurement unit (IMU) and associated Trimble GPS antennas. Sound velocity profiles were acquired with a Seabird Electronics SeaCat SBE-911 and SBE19P CTD profilers and processed using Seabird Seaterm software. Positioning was obtained using Northstar 941X GPS receivers with differential correctors from U.S. Coast Guard CORS beacon Isabel, Puerto Rico. Data was reduced to Mean Lower-Low Water (MLLW) using final approved tides from NOAA COOPS, based on National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON) primary tide stations at Charlotte Amalie, VI (9751639) and Lime Tree Bay, VI (9751401).

    Data sources used in this process:

    • NF-07-06 Multibeam Data

    Date: 2007 (process 2 of 3)
    Raw SWMB data were converted and processed using CARIS HIPS v6.1 software, resulting in a CARIS HDCS format dataset with all correctors applied. Attitude and SWMB data was cleaned of fliers, and SWMB data was reviewed in subset mode by a NOAA contractor.

    Data sources used in this process:

    • NF-07-06 HDCS Multibeam Data

    Date: Nov-2007 (process 3 of 3)
    Acoustic backscatter mosaics are ostensibly an important piece of information when characterizing surficial seafloor features and delineating benthic habitats. The multibeam backscatter data were corrected for geometric and radiometric distortions using Geocoder 3.0. In particular, the following corrections were applied where appropriate and when artifacts were evident: AVG Trend, TX Power and RX Gain, Area Correction, Spreading, Slant-Range and Extracted Beam Pattern. As no theoretical beam pattern for the Kongsberg Simrad 1002 system exists, it was extracted from a mapped area that was flat and had a relatively uniform (sandy) substrate. Individual lines were also truncated based on ping number and/or angle of incidence where appropriate. The final mosaics were exported as geotiffs, ASCII and XYB files (i.e., X,Y locations in NAD 1983 UTM Zone 19N and Backscatter values as measured in decibels dBs). Holidays (missing data values) were filled using a nearest neighbor resampling technique.

    Data sources used in this process:

    • NF-07-06 Backscatter Data

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    See Data Acquisition and Processing Report (DAPR) for NF-07-06.

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    See Data Acquisition and Processing Report (DAPR) for NF-07-06.

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    n/a

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    While the project was conducted to meet IHO Order 1 and 2 accuracy standards, dependant on project area and depth, all users should independently analyze the dataset according to their own needs and standards to determine data usability.


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: Please cite any use of this data.
Use_Constraints:
Note: NOT TO BE USED FOR NAVIGATION.

These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Biogeography Program
    Project Manager
    1305 East West Highway, SSMC4
    Silver Spring, MD 20910
    USA

    (301) 713-3028 (voice)
    (301) 713-4388 (FAX)

    Contact_Instructions:
    Contact info is for CCMA general reception. Please ask for current Biogeography project manager for Seafloor Characterization of the U.S. Caribbean.
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.

  4. How can I download or order the data?


Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 20-Dec-2012
Last Reviewed: 05-Jan-2009
Metadata author:
NOAA/NOS/NCCOS/CCMA Biogeography
Attn: Project Manager
1305 East West Highway, SSMC4
Silver Spring, MD 20910
USA

(301) 713-3028 (voice)

Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)


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