Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Geodetic Survey (NGS), 2003, NOAA's Coastal Aerial Photography: NOAA's Ocean Service, National Geodetic Survey (NGS), Silver Spring, MD.
Vertical aerial photographs of the United States coastline were obtained as the primary source material for coastal survey maps. Vertical aerial photographs have the advantage over coastal survey maps of capturing everything in that instant and have been utilized for a wide variety of other purposes including mapping water depths, topographic mapping, waterfront development, natural resource identification, and locating navigational hazards.
Person who carried out this activity:
The primary aerial photographic product is a 9x9 inch photograph which is usually exposed at scales ranging from 1:10,000 to 1:50,000, varying slightly due to shrinkage or expansion of the paper due to atmospheric conditions, slight variations in the altitude of the plane during flying, tip and tilt of the airplane, camera optics, and the effects of ground relief.Over the years, the image resolution capabilities and spectral quality of aerial films have advanced, and so have camera systems, photogrammetric instruments, and processes. These photographs are of metric quality for mapping purposes; they overlap 60% along a strip, which allows coverage to be views in stereo and precise photogrammetric measurements to be made in order to locate features accurately.To reduce errors in measurements due to the quality of the photographs each photograph needs to be examined to see if it meets the study needs. Sixty-percent overlap between photographs allows for a seamless coverage of the study area even if photographs are removed. The most current photogrammetric processing techniques need to be used. Documenting the process used to minimize the effects due to scale variations and optical distortions allows the user of the data obtained from photographs to determine its accuracy.
The photographs adequately represented ground truth at the time they were obtained. These photographs have not been processed to reduce the errors inherent in the photogrammetric technique.
These photographs are being presented "as is". They have undergone no processing to reduce the errors that are inherent in the photogrammetric techniques. These photographs should be assumed to have errors due to scale variation and optical distortions.
Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
- Access_Constraints: None
- These photographs were obtained for use by NGS during the course of its development of potential final products to fulfill its statutory mission. Although NGS is making these photographs available to others who may find the photographs of value, NGS does not warrant, endorse, or recommend the use of these photographs for any given purpose. NGS is providing these photographs "as is," and NGS disclaims any and all warranties, whether expressed or implied, including (without limitation) any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In no event will NGS be liable to you or any third party for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special, or exemplary damages or lost profits resulting from any use or misuse of these data.
Static Map Images
Orders are usually filled within 30 days. Photo reproductions (prints, film positives, and negatives) are custom processed and cannot be returned for credit or refund. This includes customer-misordered reproductions.
Varying fees depending on type and size print. No discount is offered for quantity purchases. Prices are available at <http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/PC_PROD/Catalog/aerial_photos.htmThe> photograph order includes the first 15 minutes of research to locate the image. Additional research time costs $46 per hour, or any part of an hour.
Please describe the area of interest by latitude and longitude, a detailed description or sketch, or by the photograph number.
Digital copies of photographs can be scanned at varying resolutions (100 dpi to 1200 dpi) and burned onto a CD or DVD.Digital Imagery (Black & White) - 6 exposures to 645 exposures per CD depending on scanned resolution.Digital Imagery (Color) - 2 exposures to 215 per CD exposures depending on scanned resolution.