Aqaba Core 19, Jordan Isotope (delta 18O, delta 13C) Data for 1788 to 1992

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What does this data set describe?

Title:
Aqaba Core 19, Jordan Isotope (delta 18O, delta 13C) Data for 1788 to 1992
Abstract:
Site: Aqaba, Jordan, Marine Science Station Reef, cores C18 and C19 (29ó 26' N, 34ó 58' E) Water Depth 1m. collected 11/01/92 (upper 0-120cm), 11/01/93 (120-320cm) Coral species: Porites sp. In fall 1992 and spring 1993 we drilled an unusual big colony of Porites sp. at the fore-reef at Aqaba. The colony is situated in front of the reef edge of the fringing reef south of the Marine Science Station. The colony grows from a depth of ca 4.5 m, reaches a height of 3.5 m and a maximum diameter of approximately 5.5 m. We drilled with a hand held pneumatic drill powered by compressed air from a Scuba tank. We used a conventional 30cm diamond-tipped drill bit and in order to obtain longer cores we constructed extensions of 100cm each (3 in total). The extensions are made from a 17mm diameter steel rod with a screw thread attached either to the core barrel or another extension. Up to 320 cm long cores in 30cm lengths with 100% recovery were obtained. The core holes were filled with cement plugs after drilling to prevent bioerosion (see Hudson 1981; Winter et al. 1991) . The cores were drilled parallel to the growth axis (perpendicular to the coral surface). Five cores were extracted from the "big" Porites sp. at different sides of the colony. Three cores (19, 20, 21) are of 130 cm length, core 24 (lying SE-side of the colony at an angle of 45ó) reached 229 cm length, and core 18 (top of the colony) recovered coral skeleton to a total length of 312 cm. For oxygen and carbon isotope analysis core 18 (top of colony) and core 19 (horizontal core from the southern side) were selected. Samples for isotopic analyses were treated with 35% hydrogen peroxide for 24 hours to remove oxidizable organic material. In addition they were rinsed several times in demineralized water and dried in a stove at 40óC. Small samples to determine the average isotope composition of each year were cut with a hand held saw. They were taken along the edge of the coral slabs. The top of LD-bands was chosen as the end (respectively beginn ing) of an annual band. In all our samples this boundary is sharp and can be determined relatively precisely. Each chip was gently powdered in an agate mortar. The samples were reacted with 100% H3PO4 at 75óC in an online, automated carbonate reaction device (Kiel Device) connected to a Finnigan Mat 252 mass spectrometer. Isotopic ratios were corrected for 17-O contribution (Craig 1957) and are reported in permil relative to PDB. Average precision based on duplicate sample analysis and on multiple analysis of NBS 19 is ó0.04 permil for d13C and ó0.08 permil for d18O.
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Heiss, Georg A. , 199508, Aqaba Core 19, Jordan Isotope (delta 18O, delta 13C) Data for 1788 to 1992: World Data Center for Paleoclimatology Data Contribution Series 1995-014, World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder, Boulder.

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.97
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.97
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.43
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.43

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date:
    Ending_Date: 1992
    Currentness_Reference: Publication Date

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    coral variable
    coral variable (Source: coral variable)

    del13C
    delta 13C (per mil) (Source: Craig, H., 1957. Isotopic standards for mass spectrometric analysis of carbon dioxide. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 12:113-140; Fairbanks, R.G., and R.E. Dodge, Annual periodicity of the O-18/O-16 and C-13/C-12 ratios in the coral Montastrea annularis, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 43, 1979.)

    Range of values
    Minimum:unknown
    Maximum:unknown
    Units:per mil
    Resolution:0.01

    del18O
    delta 18O (per mil) relative to PDB (Source: Craig, H., 1957. Isotopic standards for mass spectrometric analysis of carbon dioxide. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 12:113-140)

    Range of values
    Minimum:unknown
    Maximum:unknown
    Units:per mil
    Resolution:0.01


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Heiss, G. A., 1994. Coral reefs in the Red Sea: Growth, production and stable isotopes, GEOMAR Report 32: 1-141.

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?


Why was the data set created?

Paleoclimatic Research


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: Please cite original reference when using this data.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    NOAA Paleoclimatology Program
    Data Manager
    325 Broadway, Code E/CC23
    Boulder, Colorado 80305-3328
    U.S.A.

    (303) 497-6280 (voice)
    (303) 497-6513 (FAX)
    paleo@noaa.gov

    Hours_of_Service: 9-5 MST Monday-Friday
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Other Documents

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    Disclaimer- While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

  4. How can I download or order the data?


Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 31-Mar-2011
Last Reviewed: 31-Mar-2011
Metadata author:
NOAA Paleoclimatology Program
Data Manager
325 Broadway, Code E/CC23
Boulder, Colorado 80305-3328
U.S.A.

(303) 497-6280 (voice)
(303) 497-6513 (FAX)
paleo@noaa.gov

Hours_of_Service: 9-5 MST Monday-Friday
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)


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