Artificial Reefs in US waters as of September 2012

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Coastal Services Center (CSC)
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs in US waters as of September 2012
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Charleston, SC
Publisher: NOAA's Ocean Service, Coastal Services Center (CSC)
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.csc.noaa.gov/ArcGISPUB/rest/services/MultipurposeMarineCadastre/MultipurposeMarineCadastre/MapServer>
Online_Linkage: <http://www.marinecadastre.gov/data/default.aspx>
Online_Linkage: <http://www.csc.noaa.gov/>
Description:
Abstract:
An artificial reef is a human-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing. Many reefs are built using objects that were built for other purposes, for example by sinking oil rigs (through the Rigs-to-Reefs program), scuttling ships, or by deploying rubble or construction debris. Other artificial reefs are purpose built (e.g. the reef balls) from PVC or concrete. Shipwrecks may become artificial reefs when preserved on the sea floor. Regardless of construction method, artificial reefs generally provide hard surfaces where algae and invertebrates such as barnacles, corals, and oysters attach; the accumulation of attached marine life in turn provides intricate structure and food for assemblages of fish. This is NOT a complete collection of artificial reefs on the seafloor, nor are the locations to be considered exact. The presence and location of the artificial reefs have been derived from multiple state websites. These data are intended for coastal and ocean planning. Not for navigation.
Purpose:
To support coastal and ocean planning and other activities pursuant to the Energy Policy Act, Coastal Zone Management Act, Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, National Environmental Policy Act, Rivers and Harbors Act and the Submerged Lands Act.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -158.194482
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -70.195180
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.344001
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 20.696978
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: 014
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Artificial Reef
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Geographic Information > Habitats
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: artificial
Theme_Keyword: coastal
Theme_Keyword: fish
Theme_Keyword: fisheries
Theme_Keyword: habitat
Theme_Keyword: haven
Theme_Keyword: marine
Theme_Keyword: oysters
Theme_Keyword: reef
Theme_Keyword: reefs
Theme_Keyword: refugia
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: National
Place_Keyword: United States
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > Gulf of Mexico
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > Gulf of Mexico > Texas
Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Texas
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Georgia
Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Georgia
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > Gulf of Mexico > Louisiana
Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Louisiana
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > Gulf of Mexico > Florida
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Florida
Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Florida
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii > Hawaii (21N160W0000)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii (21N160W0000)
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Multipurpose Marine Cadastre Data Steward
Contact_Position: Multipurpose Marine Cadastre Data Steward
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 S Hobson Ave
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843.740.1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843.740.1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nos.csc.mmc@noaa.gov

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: The attributes in this dataset are believed to be accurate.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
These data are believed to be logically consistent. Geometry is topologically clean.
Completeness_Report:
Spatial and attribute properties are believed to be complete, although attribute information has been simplified. Geometric thresholds from original data are preserved. No tests have been completed for exhaustiveness.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Maximum scale of intended use is 1:80,000.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.outdooralabama.com/fishing/saltwater/fisheries/artificial-reefs/>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: AL
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: California Department of Fish and Game
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://www.dfg.ca.gov/marine/artificialreefs.asp>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: CA
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: State of Delaware Department of Natural Resources
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/Fisheries/Pages/ArtificialReefProgram.aspx>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: DE
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://myfwc.com/conservation/saltwater/artificial-reefs/>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: FL
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Coastal Resources Division
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://www.coastalgadnr.org>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: GA
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: State of Hawaii, Office of Planning
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/op/>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: HI
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://www.wlf.louisiana.gov>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: LA
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Maryland Department of Natural Resources
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://www.dnr.state.md.us>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: MD
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM)
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://www.mass.gov/czm/czm.htm>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: MA
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Mississippi Department of Marine Resources
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://www.dmr.ms.gov>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: MI
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://www.nj.gov/dep/fgw/artreef.htm>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NJ
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://www.dec.ny.gov>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NY
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: North Carolina Division of Marine Fisheries
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://portal.ncdenr.org/web/mf/artificial-reefs-program>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NC
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: https://www.dnr.sc.gov/reefguide/artreefgraphic
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: SC
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Texas Parks and Wildlife
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: TX
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Virginia Marine Resources Commission
Publication_Date: 201209
Title: Artificial Reefs
Online_Linkage: <http://mrc.virginia.gov>
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 201209
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: VA
Source_Contribution:
Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Go to each individual state website and download the shapefile or spreadsheet artificial reef data containing location information. For shapefiles, reproject the data into NAD83, and rename attribute field names to those referenced in the data dictionary. Any additional fields can be dismissed. For spreadsheets, rename the attribute field names to those referenced in the data dictionary, and convert to shapefiles in the NAD83 projection. For polygon shapefiles, calculate the acres of each feature in their respective UTM zones, and record the value in the Acres field. Populate state names in the State field. Then calculate the centroid of each polygon and save as a point file, and make a note of this in the Comments field (This point has been derived from calculating the centroid of a polygon, which was the actual source data. There may be one or many artificial reefs within the [Acres] acres surrounding this point. For more information, please refer to [State] artificial reefs data.). Combine all state shapefiles into a single feature class projected in NAD83.
Process_Date: 201209

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Area point

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 1980
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: ArtificialReefs
Entity_Type_Definition: National Artificial Reef Locations
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OBJECTID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: reefName
Attribute_Definition:
Name of reef as specified by authoritative source. If no name was specified in the data, Reef ID was used to populate field.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: reefID
Attribute_Definition:
Identification name, number or code of reef as specified by authoritative source.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: state
Attribute_Definition: State reef is associated with.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: composition
Attribute_Definition: Materials that make up the reef.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: description
Attribute_Definition:
Additional information provided about each reef as specified by authoritative source.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: depth
Attribute_Definition:
Water depth in feet at reef location. If a range was provided, the deepest depth number was used.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: clearance
Attribute_Definition:
Height of water in feet from the top of each reef to the surface.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: relief
Attribute_Definition: Height of reef in feet.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: acres
Attribute_Definition:
Amount of acres per reef as specified by authoritative source, or for features where a point has been derived by calculating the centroid of a polygon, the amount of acres per reef calculated per polygon in the feature’s proper UTM zone.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: date
Attribute_Definition: Date associated with reef as specified by authoritative source.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: comments
Attribute_Definition:
Additional information provided about each reef as specified by authoritative source, or an explanation of which features have been derived by calculating the centroid of a polygon.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Unique value.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Multipurpose Marine Cadastre Data Steward
Contact_Position: Multipurpose Marine Cadastre Data Steward
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 S Hobson Ave
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843.740.1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843.740.1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nos.csc.mmc@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: Live Data and Maps
Distribution_Liability:
These data are intended for coastal and ocean use planning. Not for navigation.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Map Serivce
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://www.csc.noaa.gov/ArcGISPUB/rest/services/MultipurposeMarineCadastre/MultipurposeMarineCadastre/MapServer>
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20130618
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Multipurpose Marine Cadastre Data Steward
Contact_Position: Multipurpose Marine Cadastre Data Steward
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 S Hobson Ave
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843.740.1200
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843.740.1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nos.csc.mmc@noaa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

CoRIS:
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/artificial_reefs.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 6700

Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Wed Jul 30 10:40:29 2014