National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydrolase (AHH) Data, 1988-1992, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA)
Publication_Date: 1992
Title:
National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydrolase (AHH) Data, 1988-1992, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Silver Spring, MD
Publisher:
NOAA's Ocean Service, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS)
Online_Linkage: <http://NSandT.noaa.gov>
Description:
Abstract:
In order to determine the current status of and detect any long-term trends in the environmental quality of U.S. nearshore waters, NOAA initiated the National Status and Trends program in 1984 with its National Benthic Surveillance Project. The primary objective of the Benthic Surveillance Project was to quantify concentrations of a suite of organic and inorganic contaminants in the livers of fish and surficial sediments from selected sites in the coastal and estuarine waters of the United States. In addition, the levels of certain indicators of the biological effects of these contaminants were measured. Incidences of visible lesions, including fin erosion, have been noted and histopathological examinations of various tissues have been carried out. Originally histopathological examinations determined the prevalence of any identifiable disease conditions in samples of liver, kidney, and gill tissue.In addition the Benthic Surveillance Project analyzed fish liver tissue sample for cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) activities in liver via analysis for aryl hydrocarbon hydrolase (ahh). The induction of hepatic CYP1A activity is one of the earliest physiological changes detected after exposure to chemical contaminants. A number of studies have shown that measurement of these biochemical alterations combined with measurement of the above-mentioned injuries, give a more consistent assessment of contaminant exposure in indigenous fish that do single bioeffects measurements.
Purpose:
In response to concerns over environmental quality of the Nation's coastal and estuarine ecosystems, NOAA created the National Status and Trends (NS&T) Program in 1984. From 1984 through 1993, the Benthic Surveillance Project monitored chemical concentrations in the livers (and for metabolites of PAH's in the bile) of bottom-dwelling fish and in sediments at the sites of fish capture. The Benthic Surveillance Project also measured the biological effects of contaminant exposure, primarily as prevalence's of toxicopathic liver diseases.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1988
Ending_Date: 1992
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -166.5
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -67.333
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 70.5
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.615
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Chemical Contaminants
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: 014
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Human Dimensions > Environmental Impacts > Contaminants
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: chemical
Theme_Keyword: contaminant
Theme_Keyword: pollutant
Theme_Keyword: aryl hydrocarbon hydrolase
Theme_Keyword: ahh
Theme_Keyword: fish liver
Theme_Keyword: coastal monitoring
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: NS&T
Theme_Keyword: NSandT
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone
Place_Keyword: Apalachicola Bay, St. George Island
Place_Keyword: Arroyo Colorado, Arroyo City
Place_Keyword: Baltimore Harbor, Brewerton Channel
Place_Keyword: Barataria Bay, Barataria Pass
Place_Keyword: Biscayne Bay, North Bay
Place_Keyword: Bodega Bay, North
Place_Keyword: Boston Harbor, Deer Island
Place_Keyword: Boston Harbor, Hull Bay
Place_Keyword: Boston Harbor, Mystic River
Place_Keyword: Boston Harbor, Quincy Bay
Place_Keyword: Buzzards Bay, West Island
Place_Keyword: Calcasieu River, Prien Lake
Place_Keyword: Calcasieu River, West Cove
Place_Keyword: Cape Elizabeth, Richmond Island
Place_Keyword: Cape Fear River, Horseshoe Shaol
Place_Keyword: Charleston Harbor, South Channel
Place_Keyword: Charlotte Harbor, Cape Haze
Place_Keyword: Chesapeake Bay, Chester River
Place_Keyword: Chesapeake Bay, James River
Place_Keyword: Chesapeake Bay, Patuxent River
Place_Keyword: Choctawhatchee Bay, Choctawhatchee Bay
Place_Keyword: Columbia River, Desdemona Sands
Place_Keyword: Coos Bay, North Bend
Place_Keyword: Dana Point, Inside Harbor
Place_Keyword: Dana Point Harbor, Outside
Place_Keyword: Delaware Bay, Cherry Island Range
Place_Keyword: Galveston Bay, Cedar Bayou
Place_Keyword: Galveston Bay, Eagle Point
Place_Keyword: Galveston Bay, East Bay
Place_Keyword: Galveston Bay, Goat Islands
Place_Keyword: Galveston Bay, Greens Bayou
Place_Keyword: Galveston Bay, Morgans Point
Place_Keyword: Great Bay, Intracoastal Waterway
Place_Keyword: Hudson River, Englewood Cliffs
Place_Keyword: Johns Bay, Pemaquid Neck
Place_Keyword: Lake Pontchartrain, North Shore
Place_Keyword: Lake Pontchartrain, South Shore
Place_Keyword: Lavaca Bay, Point Comfort
Place_Keyword: Long Island Sound, Lloyd Point
Place_Keyword: Long Island Sound, Rocky Point
Place_Keyword: Lower Laguna Madre, Laguna Heights
Place_Keyword: Lower Laguna Madre, Long Island
Place_Keyword: Lutak Inlet, Chilkoot River Mouth
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth Entrance
Place_Keyword: Mission Bay, Outside
Place_Keyword: Mississippi River Delta, Head of Passes
Place_Keyword: Mississippi River Delta, Southeast Pass
Place_Keyword: Mobile Bay, North Point
Place_Keyword: Monterey Bay, Indian Head Beach
Place_Keyword: Narragansett Bay, Prudence Island
Place_Keyword: New Bedford Harbor, Clarks Point
Place_Keyword: Niantic Bay, Black Point
Place_Keyword: Oceanside Harbor, Outside
Place_Keyword: Pamlico Sound, Jones Bay
Place_Keyword: Pascagoula River, Escatawpa River
Place_Keyword: Pascagoula River, Pascagoula River
Place_Keyword: Penobscot Bay, Colt Head Island
Place_Keyword: Pensacola Bay, Pensacola Bay
Place_Keyword: Prince William Sound, Port Valdez
Place_Keyword: Puget Sound, Commencement Bay
Place_Keyword: Puget Sound, Elliott Bay
Place_Keyword: Puget Sound, Nisqually Reach
Place_Keyword: Raritan Bay, East Reach
Place_Keyword: Raritan Bay, Gravesend Bay
Place_Keyword: Raritan Bay, Upper Bay
Place_Keyword: Raritan Bay, West Reach
Place_Keyword: Salem Harbor, Folger Point
Place_Keyword: San Antonio Bay, Mosquito Point
Place_Keyword: San Diego Bay, Harbor Island
Place_Keyword: San Diego Bay, National City
Place_Keyword: San Diego Bay, North
Place_Keyword: San Diego Bay, Outside
Place_Keyword: San Diego Bay, Shelter Island
Place_Keyword: San Diego Bay, Twenty Eighth Street
Place_Keyword: San Francisco Bay, Castro Creek
Place_Keyword: San Francisco Bay, Hunters Point
Place_Keyword: San Francisco Bay, Oakland Estuary
Place_Keyword: San Francisco Bay, Redwood City
Place_Keyword: San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay
Place_Keyword: San Francisco Bay, Southampton Shoal
Place_Keyword: San Luis Obispo Bay, San Luis Obispo Bay
Place_Keyword: San Pedro Bay, Cerritos Channel
Place_Keyword: San Pedro Bay, Long Beach
Place_Keyword: San Pedro Bay, Mid Harbor
Place_Keyword: San Pedro Bay, Outer Harbor
Place_Keyword: San Pedro Bay, Seal Beach
Place_Keyword: Santa Monica Bay, North
Place_Keyword: Santa Monica Bay, South
Place_Keyword: Santa Monica Bay, Southeast
Place_Keyword: Santa Monica Bay, West
Place_Keyword: Sapelo Sound, Dog Hammock
Place_Keyword: Savannah River, Elba Island
Place_Keyword: Skagway, Skagway River
Place_Keyword: St. Andrews Bay, Military Point
Place_Keyword: St. Johns River, Arlington Channel
Place_Keyword: St. Lucie River, Stuart
Place_Keyword: Tampa Bay, Northern Tampa Bay
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Florida
Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Florida
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: Florida
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
NOAA requests that all individuals who download NS&T data acknowledge the source of these data in any reports, papers, or presentations. If you publish these data, please include a statement similar to: "Some or all of the data described in this article were produced by NOAA through its National Status and Trends Program".
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA)
Contact_Position:
National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway N/SCI1
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4388
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.0 (Build 2195) Service Pack 4; ESRI ArcCatalog 8.3.0.800

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The quality of the analytical data generated by the NS&T Program is overseen by the QA Project component, which has been in operation since 1985 and is designed to document sampling and analytical procedures, and to reduce intra-laboratory and inter-laboratory variation. The QA Project documentation will facilitate comparisons among different monitoring programs with similar QA activities and thus will extend the temporal and spatial scale of such programs. To document laboratory expertise, the QA Project requires all NS&T laboratories to participate in a continuing series of intercomparison exercises utilizing a variety of materials.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Fish in the correct size range were dissected in the onboard laboratory immediately after collection. This ensured that a determination could be made regarding whether sufficient material had been collected and whether the sample material was of high quality. If either one of these criteria was not met, the opportunity existed to continue sample collection. Also, field dissection minimizes contamination problems associated with dissection of frozen fish samples. Frozen fish tissues when thawed, may lose their integrity and one tissue type may contaminate another (e.g., a liver sample could be contaminated by PAH metabolites from the bile duct).Because most fish were dissected onboard ship, a special effort was made to develop an environment as close to clean-room conditions as possible. All fish were dissected in positive pressure laminar flow hoods. Air was drawn into the laminar flow hood from above and filtered by a high efficiency particle attenuator (HEPA) filter before it passed over the fish samples. Stainless steel tools were used to dissect fish for organic analysis. Titanium tools were used to dissect fish for trace metal analyses because tools made of this element do not pose the problem of introducing nickel, chromium, and/or iron into the specimens to be analyzed. Specimens were analyzed for the latter three elements by the NS&T Program. After knives had been sharpened, and before dissections began at a new site or of a new species, the dissection equipment was thoroughly cleaned with detergent solution, rinsed extensively with tap water, rinsed in distilled or high-purity water (i.e., milli-Q or HPLC-grade water), rinsed with isopropanol (dichloromethane before 1990) under a fume hood, followed by a rinse with distilled water, and placed on a similarly cleaned Teflon cutting board that was allowed to air-dry in the laminar-flow hood. Between individual fish of the same species at the same site, the tools were rinsed with distilled water before a
Completeness_Report:
Analytical protocols for the quantification of the NS&T organic contaminants were developed by MacLeod et al. (1984) at the NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) Northwest Fisheries Science Center in Seattle, WA. These methods were prescribed for all NMFS laboratories participating in the Benthic Surveillance Program, when it began in 1984. Three NMFS laboratories used these methods in 1984: Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC), Gloucester, MA; Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC), Charleston, SC; and Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC), Seattle WA. The philosophy associated with the development of exacting protocols for the quantification of organic contaminants was that the same analytical methods would increase the likelihood of data being comparable among laboratories. Even though interlaboratory comparisons were initiated at the start of the NS&T Program, it was felt that a method-driven QA and analytical effort for the quantification of organic contaminants was the best way to begin. In 1985, the protocols were updated by MacLeod et al., 1985. This method has been further edited and can be found in volume 1 of Technical Memorandum 71. The NS&T Mussel Watch Project (MWP) began in 1986. At that time, both the MWP and BSP laboratories were allowed to use any analytical method if it could be proven that the proposed alternate procedure was equal to or better than earlier MacLeod et al. (1984,1985) methods.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The same kind of field/site data have been supplied since the start of the Benthic Surveillance Project, in 1984. Original site coordinates were derived from Loran-C time conversions. Early sites information resulting from Loran-C was converted from time delay information to latitudes and longitudes. These earlier data may be suspect when sites were located close to large structures that could have interfered with accurate time delays. When GPS was first available the signal was intentionally degraded so earlier coordinate information, even if it resulted from GPS, is not as accurate as data would be today.Because fish are not sessile, fish trawls have been made along different tracks in the water body of interest. The latitude/ longitude coordinates provided in this file represent a site center and trawling occurs within a 1 km radius of this location.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The primary collection apparatus was Otter trawls. Occasionally, fish were taken with hook and line, or with seine nets. These alternate collection methods were necessary because larger fish, such as older Atlantic croaker, were able to avoid an Otter trawl, or were found in untrawlable habitats such as shallow water, along marsh edges, and over oyster reefs. Fish liver tissue samples were analyzed for cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) activities in liver via analysis for aryl hydrocarbon hydrolase (ahh).The analytical instruments were calibrated by standard laboratory procedures including: constructing calibration curves, running blank and spiked quality control samples, and analyzing standard reference materials.Process Date Range is 1988 - 1992
Process_Date: 1992
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA)
Contact_Position:
National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway N/SCI1
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4388

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal Degrees

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label:
Dataset Parameters for Benthic Surveillance Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydrolase data
Entity_Type_Definition:
The BSahh_h data reports information regarding study parameters.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: NST_SITE
Attribute_Definition: 5 letter code site identifier.
Attribute_Definition_Source: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: YEAR
Attribute_Definition: Year the site was sampled.
Attribute_Definition_Source: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SPEC_CD1
Attribute_Definition:
Species abbreviation. Usually a 2 or 3 letter code which identifies the common species name. For example AF is used to define Arctic flounder.
Attribute_Definition_Source: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: REP
Attribute_Definition: Replicate of a unique sample.
Attribute_Definition_Source: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SPEC_NO
Attribute_Definition: Laboratory specimen number
Attribute_Definition_Source: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OTHER_CD
Attribute_Definition:
Another site identifier, Codes used by NS&T participating laboratories.
Attribute_Definition_Source: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AHH
Attribute_Definition: Induction of Aryl hydrocarbon hydrolase.
Attribute_Definition_Source: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: User defined
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: REV_AHH
Attribute_Definition: Last revision date
Attribute_Definition_Source: National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: User defined

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA)
Contact_Position:
National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway N/SCI1
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4388
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability: None
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/about/coast/nsandt/download.aspx>
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121220
Metadata_Review_Date: 20100521
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA)
Contact_Position:
National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway N/SCI1
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4388
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: Local Time
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>


CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20100521124551
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 19880101
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 19921231
CoRIS_Metadata_Link: <http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/bsahh_h.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 4911

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