C-CAP Oahu 2005 era High Resolution Land Cover Metadata

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Coastal Services Center (CSC)
Publication_Date: 20071112
Title: C-CAP Oahu 2005 era High Resolution Land Cover Metadata
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Charleston, SC
Publisher: NOAA's Ocean Service, Coastal Services Center (CSC)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/>
Description:
Abstract:
This data set consists of land cover derived from high resolution imagery according to the Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP) protocol. This data set utilized 29 full or partial Quickbird multispectral scenes which were processed to detect C-CAP land cover features on the island of Oahu.
Purpose:
To improve the understanding of coastal uplands and wetlands, and their linkages with the distribution, abundance, and health of living marine resources.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20051231
Currentness_Reference: Acquisition date of the Quickbird Scenes
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: 5 years
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -158.287559
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -157.624997
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 21.714257
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 21.243777
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: 010
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Coastal Habitat
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Solid Earth > Geomorphology > Coastal Landforms/Processes
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Estuarine Habitat
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Mapping
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Mapping > Geomorphology Mapping
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Remote Sensing
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Geographic Information > Habitats
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Remotely Sensed Imagery/Photos
Theme_Keyword: Land Cover Analysis
Theme_Keyword: Land Cover
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Coastal Zone
Place_Keyword: Hawaii
Place_Keyword: Oahu
Place_Keyword: Honolulu County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: MHI
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Data set is not for use in litigation. While efforts have been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the state of the art, NOAA, cannot assume liability for any damages, or misrepresentations, caused by any inaccuracies in the data, or as a result of the data to be used on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.2.2.1350

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
According to accuracy assessment performed by staff at the Pacific Services Center, the overall accuracy for the classification is 71.54% * (This does not include classes 13,14,15,16,17,18, 19 and 22). The accuracy of the wetland classes will be assessed during 2008. Each class accuracy is as follows: (Errors of Omission/Commission) 0 Background (N/A) 1 Unclassified (Cloud, Shadow, etc)(N/A) 2 Impervious Surfaces (90% - assessed as a binary map during 2006) 5 Open Spaces Developed (84%/83%) 6 Cultivated Land (93%/75%) 8 Grassland (64%/51%) 10 Evergreen Forest (80%/81%) 12 Scrub/Shrub (48%/72%) 13 Palustrine Forested Wetland (N/A) 14 Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland (N/A) 15 Palustrine Emergent Wetland (N/A) 16 Estuarine Forested Wetland (N/A) 17 Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland (N/A) 18 Estuarine Emergent Wetland (N/A) 19 Unconsolidated Shore (N/A) 20 Bare Land (83%/74%) 21 Water (N/A) 22 Palustrine Aquatic Bed (N/A) 23 Estuarine Aquatic Bed (N/A) The sampling procedure for this accuracy assessment involved employing a stratified random approach. Samples points were generated on image objects within the final land cover file that were equal to or larger than the Minimum Mapping Unit (MMU) of 0.5 acres. These points were then reviewed for accuracy and placement by NOAA Coastal Services Center staff. Points that were too close to feature boundaries or in a couple of cases, landed on a feature that was below the MMU were deleted. No points were added or changed, only deleted. AA Points were photo interpreted by 3 Pacific Services Center analysts. Points where analysts disagreed were discussed and/or visited in the field to acheive consensus on the land cover call. Once quality control was complete, the reference points were compared to the final map to compute the statistics provided above.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Tests for logical consistency indicate that all row and column positions in the selected latitude/longitude window contain data. Conversion and integration with vector files indicates that all positions are consistent with earth coordinates covering the same area. Attribute files are logically consistent.
Completeness_Report:
Data does not exist for all classes. There are no pixels representing class 7 (Pasture/Hay), 24 (Tundra), 25 (Perennial Ice/Snow), 26 (Dwarf Scrub - Alaska specific class), 27 (Sedge/Herbaceous), and 28 (Moss - Alaska specific). Developed classes have been altered to exclude the percentage breakdown of impervious surfaces as the breakdown is not appropriate for high resolution mapping (Developed High Intensity (2), Developed Medium Intensity (3), and Developed Low Intensity (4) are reduced to Impervious Surfaces (Class 2)). Mixed Forest (11) was also determined not be approriate for this map since no mixed pixels existed at this spatial resolution.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: 12 meters CE90
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
There was no terrain correction in the geo-referencing procedure.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Sanborn. www.sanborn.com.
Publication_Date: 20070515
Title: C-CAP Oahu, Hawaii. Land Cover Project
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Charleston SC
Publisher: NOAA's Ocean Service, Coastal Services Center (CSC)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.csc.noaa.gov/landcover>
Type_of_Source_Media: DVD/CD-ROM
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20051231
Source_Currentness_Reference: Date of the Quickbird scenes
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NOAA CSC
Source_Contribution: NOAA CSC
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
This section outlines the classification procedure for the Oahu High Resolution C-CAP. Quickbird imagery used in producing this land cover product was also utilized in producing an associated impervious surfaces layer for the island. The mapping approach utilized a boundary summary and refinement procedure developed by Sanborn to leverage previous C-CAP mapping efforts to create the high resolution land cover data set. While a calibration visit was required, the use of training data for classification of specific land cover classes was minimal. Non impervious features were mapped using a 0.5 acre minimum mapping unit (MMU). Pre-processing steps: The Quickbird mosaic utilized for this project was provided from Digital Globe as an orthorectifed, georeferenced product and was consistent with the quoted 1:12000 spatial accuracy. In conjunction with the Quickbird mosaic, Sanborn used an air photo mosaic from the USGS for the island collected in 2004. High resolution topographic data was also provided to Sanborn in the form of a DTM created from a 5m IfSAR collect for the island. The Orthorectified Radar Image (ORI) was also utilized. Field-Collected Data: While a calibration visit was required, the use of training data for classification of specific land cover classes was minimal. 5 days were spent by Sanborn and NOAA staff, travelling sections of the island collecting point locations and digital photographs for various land cover types. Initial Segmentation: This was performed at multiple scales using the multispectral (2.4 m) imagery in order to group like spectral and textural objects within the imagery. The initial segments were created at a larger scale (scale refers to the target size and shape of like features generalized by Definens software) of 100. Larger segments are required to leverage the 30 m data sets and incorporate the IfSAR data that is collected at spatial resolution of 5 m. For consistency, the associated impervious data set was incorporated into the segmentation layer as a boundary delimiter. Segments can share boundaries of an impervious surface, but can never overlap an impervious surface. Rule set Creation: An initial map of the island of Oahu was created by incorporating an existing C-CAP 2001 land cover data set into the derived image objects through a logical rule set created by a Sanborn analyst. The rules are created such that image segments are labelled to the C-CAP classification scheme based on their underlying medium resolution components. Initial Label and Edits: The automated labelling procedure created a reasonable representation of land cover using the labelling routine, however errors did occur. Gross inaccuracies in the data product that would inhibit the further classification of the segments at a smaller scale factor were corrected through knowledge based models or manual edits. Secondary Segmentation: Further refinement of the map was only possible though classification of the image segments directly. Classification of the image segments is a hierarchical process, whereby larger scale segments are composed of smaller scale segments. The initial segmentation was used to further aid in the automated classification of the secondary (more detailed) image segments. The final scale factor for the mosaic was 50. In some cases where further detail was required, the scale factor was reduced to 35. Automated Classification: Automated classification of the image segments was accomplished through process modeling incorporated within Definiens software. Models were built to refine or reclassify land cover areas by utilizing the wealth of attribute information linked to each segment within Definiens. In a small amount of cases, the nearest neighbor classification routine was used to refine segments. Nearest neighbor training data was collected through analyst interpretation or ancillary data sets and used to calibrate the classification algorithm. Automated Classification Edits: As with any automated or semi-automated land cover classification there are often inconsistencies in the land cover map. The final step before map finalization was to remove inaccuracies through manual segment labelling as interpreted by an analyst. Map Finalization: Sanborn used an independent reviewer's comments to further refine the land cover map Wetland Class Development: It was the responsibility of NOAA to incorporate the wetland classes into the final land cover map produced by Sanborn. To accomplish this task, NOAA utilized an updated National Wetland Inventory (NWI) dataset that was completed during 2007. This required cross-walking all of the NWI classes to the C-CAP scheme and rasterizing for use within an ERDAS Imagine Spatial Model. A zonal analysis was performed on this NWI raster layer using image objects generated from the 2.4m Quickbird imagery. The objects were derived using a scale factor of 25 since more detail was required to properly characterize the islands wetland features Information from the zonal analysis was used to create percent layers for each C-CAP wetland class. The resulting layers depicted the amount of wetland occupying an image object with a percentage estimate. Each layer was recoded based on an analyst determined threshold and inserted into Sanborn's final land cover map. Manual Editing: The final map with wetland information was reviewed again by NOAA analysts to identify site specific errors. Once these locations were compiled, corrections were made manually through heads up digitizing and the seed tool in ERDAS Imagine.
Process_Date: 20071112
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: CRS (Coastal Remote Sensing) Program Manager
Contact_Organization:
NOAA Coastal Services Center Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP)
Contact_Position: CRS Program Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 S. Hobson Ave.
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843-740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 am to 5:00 p.m. EST. M-F

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 21511
Column_Count: 28460
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 4
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -159.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: Row and Column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 2.400000
Ordinate_Resolution: 2.400000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Layer_1
Entity_Type_Definition:
Island of Oahu delineated by Quickbird Scene(s) collected on December 31, 2005
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: unknown
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value
Attribute_Definition: Land Cover Class
Attribute_Definition_Source: NOAA Coastal Services Center High-Resolution Land Cover Project
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1 Unclassified
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
This class contains no data due to cloud conditions or data voids.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: N/A
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2 Impervious Surfaces
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Anthropogenic features such as buildings, parking lots and roads developed from asphalt, concrete or other constructed surfaces which do not allow infiltration from precipitation.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
NOAA Coastal Services Center High-Resolution Land Cover Project.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 5 Open Spaces Developed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes areas with a mixture of some constructed materials, but mostly vegetation in the form of lawn grasses. Impervious surfaces account for less than 20 percent of total cover. These areas most commonly include large-lot single-family housing units, parks, golf courses, and vegetation planted in developed settings for recreation, erosion control, or aesthetic purposes.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
NLCD 2001 Land Cover Class Definitions, 2004 <http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd_definitions.asp>
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 6 Cultivated Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes herbaceous (cropland) and woody (e.g., orchards, nurseries, and vineyards) cultivated lands.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 7 Pasture/Hay
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
characterized by grasses, legumes or grass-legumes mixtures planted for livestock grazing or the production of sees or hay crops.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
NLCD 2001 Land Cover Class Definitions, 2004 <http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd_definitions.asp>
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 8 Grassland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Dominated by naturally occurring grasses and non-grasses (forbs) that are not fertilized, cut, tilled, or planted regularly.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 9 Deciduous Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes areas dominated by single stemmed, woody vegetation un-branched 0.6 to 1 meter (2 to 3 feet) above the ground and having a height greater than 5 meters (20 feet).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 10 Evergreen Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes areas in which more than 67 percent of the trees remain green throughout the year. Both coniferous and broad-leaved evergreens (greater than 5 meters) are included in this category.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 12 Scrub/Shrub
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Areas dominated by woody vegetation less than 5 meters in height. This class includes true shrubs, young trees, and trees or shrubs that are small or stunted because of environmental conditions.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 13 Palustrine Forested Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all non-tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 parts per thousand (ppt).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 14 Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all non-tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than or equal to 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 ppt.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 15 Palustrine Emergent Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all non-tidal wetlands dominated by trees, shrubs, persistent emergents, emergent mosses, or lichens, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean- derived salts is below 0.5 ppt.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 16 Estuarine Forested Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is above 0.5 parts per thousand (ppt).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 17 Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is above 0.5 ppt.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 18 Estuarine Emergent Wetland
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Characterized by erect, rooted, herbaceous hydrophytes (excluding mosses and lichens) that are present for most of the growing season in most years. Perennial plants usually dominate these wetlands. All water regimes are included except those that are sub-tidal and irregularly exposed.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 19 Unconsolidated Shore
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Characterized by substrates lacking vegetation except for pioneering plants that become established during brief periods when growing conditions are favorable. Erosion and deposition by waves and currents produce a number of landforms, such as beaches, bars, and flats, all of which are included in this class.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 20 Bare Land
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Composed of bare soil, rock, sand, silt, gravel, or other earthen material with little or no vegetation.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 21 Water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes all areas of open water with less than 30 percent cover of trees, shrubs, persistent emergent plants, emergent mosses, or lichens.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 22 Palustrine Aquatic Bed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes wetlands and deepwater habitats dominated by plants that grow principally on or below the surface of the water for most of the growing season in most years.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 23 Estuarine Aquatic Bed
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes widespread and diverse Algal Beds in the Marine and Estuarine Systems, where they occupy substrates characterized by a wide range of sediment depths and textures. They occur in both the sub-tidal and inter-tidal Subsystems and may grow to depths of 30 m (98 feet). This class includes kelp forests.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 24 Tundra
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes treeless cover beyond the latitudinal limit of the boreal forest in pole-ward regions and above the elevation range of the boreal forest in high mountains.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 25 Snow/Ice
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Includes persistent snow and ice that persist for greater portions of the year.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Dobson, J. et al, NOAA Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP): Guidance for Regional Implementation, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 123, U.S. Department of Commerce, April 1995.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Position: Clearinghouse Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 South Hobson Avenue
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405-2413
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (843)740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (843)740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: clearinghouse@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday-Friday, 8-5 EST
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Users must assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ERDAS Imagine image file (.img)
File_Decompression_Technique: ESRI Run-length encoding
Transfer_Size: 30
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<ftp://ftp.csc.noaa.gov/pub/crs/ccap/high_res/HI/hi_oahu_2005_ccap_hr_land_cover.zip>
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: CD-ROM
Recording_Format: ISO 9660
Compatibility_Information:
ISO 9660 format allows the CD-ROM to be read by most computer operating systems.
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20130612
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Coastal Services Center
Contact_Person: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Position: Metadata Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 2234 S Hobson Ave.
City: Charleston
State_or_Province: SC
Postal_Code: 29405
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 843-740-1210
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 843-740-1224
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: csc@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm EST.
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: Local Time
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>


CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20100216081522
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20051231
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 20051231
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/ccap_2005_era_oahu_ccap_land_cover.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 4475

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