CRED Optical Validation Data at the island of Tutuila in American Samoa, 2008 to Support Benthic Habitat Mapping

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Publication_Date: 200805
Title:
CRED Optical Validation Data at the island of Tutuila in American Samoa, 2008 to Support Benthic Habitat Mapping
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Video imagery, track line navigation files, and log sheets
Online_Linkage: <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/>
Description:
Abstract:
Optical validation data were collected using a Tethered Optical Assessment Device (TOAD), an underwater sled equipped with an underwater digital video camera and lights. Data were collected using TOAD during the NOAA Ship Hi'ialakai cruise HI0802, in a separate expedition involving about two and a half weeks of small boat-based (Bonavista II) TOAD deployments. Data were collected within the US Territory of American Samoa, around the island of Tutuila to support Benthic Habitat Mapping efforts.
Purpose:
These data provide optical observations that will be correlated with bathymetry and acoustic backscatter imagery to develop a benthic habitat map of Tutuila. Refer to supplemental information for description of instrument and survey.
Supplemental_Information:
Tutuila is the largest of seven islands in American Samoa at 142.3 sq. km. Volcanic in origin, it reaches a height of 653m at Matafao Peak. Tutuila is centered at 14.30N, 169.75W, has 101.3 km of coastline and an estimated 36.2 sq. km of reef area. The port of Pago Pago is a collapsed crater and is one of the largest natural ports in the Pacific. Pago Pago contains a tuna cannery which is a hub of a large purse-seining tuna fishing fleet. The cannery outputs large amounts of nutrients as byproduct into the waters of Pago Pago harbor. The human population of Tutuila in 1990 was 45,043. It is considered a high island and contributes significant nutrient and sediment runoff to coastal waters. Tutuila's waters are protected by the 0.7 sq. km Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary, as well as by the National Park of American Samoa, which covers the north-central part of the island and ~5 sq. km of coastline. Optical validation data were collected using the Tethered Optical Assessment Device (TOAD), a sled equipped with underwater video camera and lights. These data are used to provide ground-truth validation for benthic habitat maps based on multibeam echosounder surveys. Camera sled deployments were conducted during daylight hours, usually between 0600 and 1700. The duration of each tow varied but averaged about 40 minutes of bottom time at a given location. The camera sled was deployed from the starboard gunwhale of the Bonavista II. At each station the TOAD was lowered slowly to the bottom by the deck crew. The operator monitored a live video feed from the camera and began recording data on the video tape recorder. When the camera reached bottom the deck crew was notified by radio to stop lowering. The vessel then began a course of a predetermined heading maintaining a speed of approximately 1 knot for the remainder of the survey. The operator continued to monitor the vehicle and provided commands to raise or lower it to keep the camera just above the bottom.

Equipment Description: The TOAD was deployed from the starboard gunwhale of the vessel. The TOAD sled body used for the 2008 data collection is constructed from a shortened Phantom ROV body with a tail piece added for stability. It is equipped with a Deep Sea Power and Light Multi SeaCam 2060 color video camera, two 500 W DeepSea Power and Light Multi-SeaLite model 1050 underwater lights, a sonar altimeter to detect the height of the camera above the seafloor, a pair of parallel lasers to determine the size/scale of viewed objects, a compass to determine the sled heading and orientation, and a depth (pressure) sensor. The video signal from the sled is send via a coaxial conductor within a 200 m long and 127 mm diameter umbilical cable to a topside control unit. All TOAD surface components were located below deck in the V berth of the vessel within an equipment rack secured to the benches.

Data Files: Video data were recorded on a video tape recorder. The position of the camera sled was recorded using Hypack Max version 6.2b survey software.

File naming convention: Each tow is given a name consisting of a 3-letter designator for the island area followed by two-digit year and three-digit tow number. For example, during BV0801 (Bonavista II's 1st cruise in calendar year 2008) the first tow was called TUT08001. Video tape labels and paper log forms are annotated with the tow name. Data files recorded in Hypack software followed their CHS filename format consisting of the year, the first two letters of the platform name, the Julian date, and the hour and minute in which the file was started. For example, a file collected on July 18, 2005 (Julian date 199) aboard the Hi'ialakai starting at time 1935 would be 2005HI1991935.

Time Correlation: All times are based on UTC. Three clocks were manually synchronized prior to starting data collection; the clock in the video character generator that was used to annotate the video tape, in the video cassette recorder, and in the computer running the Hypack Max software. These clocks were set to UTC at the beginning of each day's operations.

Name & address of person collecting data: John Rooney NOAA IRC NMFS/PIFSC/CRED 1845 WASP Blvd., Building 176 Honolulu, HI 96818

Resource Description: Digital video imagery that is geo-referenced to navigation files.

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20080215
Ending_Date: 20080225
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -170.92403
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -170.49467
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.21815
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.33216
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Benthic habitat
Theme_Keyword: Underwater video
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: 010
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Visual Images > Habitats
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Benthic Habitat
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Mapping
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Photographic Analysis > Videography
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Tutuila
Place_Keyword: American Samoa
Place_Keyword: Islands
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: AmSam
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Please acknowledge the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center as the source of this information.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Contact_Person: John Rooney
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: NOAA IRC
Address: NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
Address: 1845 WASP Blvd., Building 176
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96818
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808 725-5429
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred
Data_Set_Credit:
Pacific Island Benthic Habitat Mapping Center, Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), NOAA
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: Not applicable
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description: Not applicable

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: Unspecified
Completeness_Report: Complete
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Hypack Max includes a window for manual entry of the length of camera sled cable paid out, a utility to enter horizontal and vertical offsets between the GPS antenna and sheave over which the camera sled cable passes, and a built-in caternary function. Using these data, Hypack Max automatically estimates the camera sled's position. Analysis of tow data indicate that horizontal positional uncertainty associated with the location of the camera sled recorded in Hypack is plus or minus 13 m.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
After a tow was completed the video tape data was reviewed by spot-checking the master and backup tape to verify that data were recorded. Raw data files recorded using Hypack Max software include time, horizontal position, and vessel's heading information were copied from the acquisition computer to the data archive. Tow-specific metadata were recorded in the data archive in the same location as the raw data, in a spreadsheet that was then referred to in creating metadata records of each island where data were collected during the cruise. Raw data files were exported as comma-delimited text files which were then imported into ArcGIS v9.2 and saved as shapefiles.
Process_Date: 20080404

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Contact_Person: John Rooney
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: NOAA IRC
Address: NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
Address: 1845 WASP Blvd., Building 176
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96818
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808 725-5429
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
These data are not to be used for navigational purposes. NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Information_Content:
Each comma-delimited record contains information on the UTC date and time, horizontal position of the sled, and heading of the ship over the period of time that the camera sled is in the water. List of navigation files - 2008BO0462029 2008BO0462310 2008BO0470000 2008BO0470030 2008BO0470206 2008BO0471845 2008BO0472019 2008BO0472232 2008BO0480000 2008BO0480001 2008BO0480002 2008BO0480039 2008BO0480134 2008BO0481808 2008BO0481809 2008BO0482056 2008BO0482056A 2008BO0482111 2008BO0482318 2008BO0482318A 2008BO0490000 2008BO0490000A 2008BO0490136 2008BO0500003 2008BO0500758 2008BO0500930 2008BO0501059 2008BO0510027 2008BO0511918 2008BO0512041 2008BO0512212 2008BO0520014 2008BO0521905 2008BO0522022 2008BO0522219 2008BO0530016 2008BO0531915 2008BO0532034 2008BO0532140 2008BO0532316 2008BO0540000A 2008BO0540043 2008BO0541938 2008BO0542127 2008BO0542129 2008BO0542255 2008BO0550000 2008BO0550000A 2008BO0550044 2008BO0551843 2008BO056005 2008BO0560124 2008BO056192
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: CD-ROM
Recording_Format: ISO 9660
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: mini digital video (and DVD)
Format_Information_Content:
38h 8m of video data are available covering 83.2 km of seabed. These data were recorded on 47 video tapes List of video tapes: TUT08001 (Tape A), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08001 (Tape B), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08002, Mini DV, Master, DVD Backup TUT08003, Mini DV, Master, DVD Backup TUT08004, Mini DV, Master, DVD Backup TUT08005, Mini DV, Master, DVD Backup TUT05006 (Tape A), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08006 (Tape B), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT05007 (Tape A), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08007 (Tape B), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08008, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08009, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08010 (Tape A), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08010 (Tape B), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08010 (Tape C), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08011, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08012, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08013, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08014, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT05015, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08016, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT05017, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08018 (Tape A), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08018 (Tape B), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08019, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08020, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08021 (Tape A), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08021 (Tape B), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08022, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08023, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08024, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08025, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08026, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08027, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08028, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08029, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08030, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08031, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08032 (Tape A), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08032 (Tape B), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08033, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08034 (Tape A), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08034 (Tape B), Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08035, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08036, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08037, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup TUT08038, Mini DV Master, DVD Backup
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: Video cassette tape
Recording_Format: Mini DV
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: MP4
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_amsamoa_optical_data.html>
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20140423
Metadata_Review_Date: 20081202
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Contact_Person: CRED Data Management Team
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: NOAA IRC
Address: NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
Address: 1845 WASP Blvd., Building 176
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96818
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808 725-5429
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20081202025730
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20080215
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 20080225
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/cred_toad_tutuila_bv0801_2008.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 2448

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