Benthic Macroinvertebrate Community Assessment, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, October 2000, (NODC Accession 0002301)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: BARRY A. VITTOR & ASSOCIATES, INC. (contracted by NOAA)
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title:
Benthic Macroinvertebrate Community Assessment, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, October 2000, (NODC Accession 0002301)
Description:
Abstract:
The Northwestern Hawaiian lslands were sampled during October 2000 at 63 stations on 9 atolls or islands under the lead of NOAA. This work is affiliated with the Northwest Hawaii Islands Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (NOWRAMP), which performed a cruise in September 2000. One aspect of this study was benthic community characterization, which was accomplished via sample collection by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) personnel and laboratory and data analysis by Barry A. Vittor & Associates, Inc. (BVA). Sampling devices varied during the field collections. Density, diversity and evenness could only be calculated at stations sampled with a Young dredge (area = 0.04 m2).
Purpose:
Understand the benthic macrofaunal community of NW Hawaiian Islands
Supplemental_Information:
These sites were surveyed using SCUBA equipment and a sample bag. The project was launched by the NOAA NW Hawaii Islands Project.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 200010
Ending_Date: 200010
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None Planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -178.366667
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -161.916917
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 28.447467
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 23.063667
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Benthic Habitat
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Salinity/Density > Conductivity
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Marine Invertebrates > Census > Population Density
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Marine Invertebrates > Census > Species Diversity
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Marine Invertebrates > Macroinvertebrates
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Species Richness
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Rapid Assessment Studies
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Biological survey
Theme_Keyword: coastal studies
Theme_Keyword: marine organisms
Theme_Keyword: benthic macroinfaunal taxonomic groups
Theme_Keyword: taxa abundance
Theme_Keyword: taxa eveness
Theme_Keyword: water quality
Theme_Keyword: HCRI
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Biology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Gardner Pinnacles (25N168W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Gardner Pinnacles (25N168W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Necker Island (23N164W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Necker Island (23N164W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Nihoa (23N161W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Nihoa (23N161W0001)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North Pacific Ocean
Place_Keyword: Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: NWHI
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: benthic
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: Dataset credit required
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BARRY A. VITTOR
Contact_Organization: BARRY A. VITTOR & ASSOCIATES, INC.
Contact_Position: Marine biologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: 8060 COTTAGE HILL RD.
City: Mobile
State_or_Province: Alabama
Postal_Code: 36695
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (251) 633-6100
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bvittor@bvaenviro.com
Data_Set_Credit:
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE, NATIONAL CENTERS FOR COASTAL OCEAN SCIENCE, CENTER FOR COASTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative
Native_Data_Set_Environment: MS Excel, PDF

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: see Lineage, Process Step
Completeness_Report: the survey was 100 percent completed
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Sample Collection and Handling A Young dredge (area = 0.04 m2) was used to collect bottom samples at nine of 63 station locations (two replicate samples were taken at some stations while others contained only one sample) throughout Northwestern Hawaiian lslands. Samples were fixed in 10 percent formalin. The preserved samples were transported to BVA'S laboratory in Mobile, Alabama. Macroinfaunal Sample Analysis In the laboratory of BVA, benthic samples were inventoried, rinsed gently through a 0.5 mm mesh sieve to remove preservatives and sediment, stained with Rose Bengal, and stored in 70 percent isopropanol solution until processing. Sample material (sediment, detritus, organisms) was placed in white enamel trays for sorting under Wild M-5A dissecting microscopes. All macroinvertebrates were carefully removed with forceps and placed in labelled glass vials containing 70 percent isopropanol. Each vial represented a major taxonomic group (e.g. Polychaeta, Mollusca, Arthropoda). All sorted macroinvertebrates were identified to the lowest practical identification level (LPIL), which in most cases was to species level unless the specimen was a juvenile, damaged, or otherwise unidentifiable. The number of individuals of each taxon, excluding fragments, was recorded. A voucher collection was prepared, composed of representative individuals of each species not previously encountered in samples from the region.

Water quality (T,S,conductivity, dissolved oxygen) were collected at a few of the dive sites using standardized instruments.

DATA ANALYSIS All data generated as a result of laboratory analysis of macroinfauna samples were first coded on data sheets. Enumeration data were entered for each species according to station and replicate. These data were reduced to a data summary report for each station, which included a taxonomic species list and benthic community parameters information. Archive data files of species identification and enumeration were prepared.

Assemblage Structure Several numerical indices were chosen for analysis and interpretation of the macroinfaunal data. Selection was based primarily on the ability of the index to provide a meaningful summary of data, as well as the applicability of the index to the characterization of the benthic community. Infaunal abundance is reported as the total number of individuals per station and the total number of individuals per square meter (= density). Taxa richness is reported as the total number of taxa represented in a given station collection. Taxa diversity, which is often related to the ecological stability and environmental "quality" of the benthos, was estimated by the Shannon-Weaver Index (Pielou, 1966).

Taxa diversity was calculated using ln, however taxa diversity may also be calculated using log2. Both methods for calculating taxa diversity are common in scientific literature. The taxa diversity calculated in this report using ln, can be converted to log2 by multiplying the taxa diversity by 1.44270. Taxa diversity within a given community is dependent upon the number of taxa present (taxa richness) and the distribution of all individuals among those taxa (equitability or evenness). In order to quantify and compare faunal equitability to taxa diversity for a given area, Pielou's Index J' (Pielou, 1966) was calculated as J' = H'/ln S, where ln S = H' max , or the maximum possible diversity, when all taxa are represented by the same number of individuals; thus, J' = H' /H' max .

Pielou, E.C. 1966. The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collections. Journal of Theoretical Biology 13:131-144.

Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: BARRY A. VITTOR
Contact_Organization: BARRY A. VITTOR & ASSOCIATES, INC.
Contact_Position: Marine biologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: 8060 COTTAGE HILL RD.
City: Mobile
State_or_Province: Alabama
Postal_Code: 36695
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (251) 633-6100
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bvittor@bvaenviro.com

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/NCDDC (National Coastal Data Development Center)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: National Coastal Data Development Center, Building 1100
City: Stennis Space Center
State_or_Province: MS
Postal_Code: 39529
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 866-732-2382
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 228-688-2968
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ncddcgetdata@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data,expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA, NESDIS, NODC and NCDDC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: MS Excel, PDF
Transfer_Size: 3102
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0002301>
Access_Instructions:
Select "Details" then "Download" and "Current" to obtain a zipped copy of the most recent version. The original data were provided in MS Excel spreadsheets.Redundant copies in CSV format were made of each sheet.

Filename Comment table_01.txt Text. Summary of location, water quality data

Benthis_macrofauna.xls MS Excel. Each sheet saved in CSV Benthis_macrofauna_sheet1.csv Summary of benthic macrofaunal data, Oct. 2000 Parameters: Station, Reps, Taxa count, Indvs, Density, Mean No. Taxa, Taxa (SD), Mean Density, Density (SD), Total No. Taxa, Total No. Individuals, H' Diversity, J' Eveness Benthis_macrofauna_sheet2.csv Station, Taxa1, Taxa2 Benthis_macrofauna_sheet3.csv same as sheet1 Benthis_macrofauna_sheet4.csv Taxa and Indviduals for each station

MajorTaxa_macofauna.xls MS Excel. Each sheet saved in CSV MajorTaxa_macofauna_sheet1.csv Phylum, Class, Taxon Name, Rep. Total MajorTaxa_macofauna_sheet2.csv Taxa, Total No. Taxa, Total No. Individuals MajorTaxa_macofauna_sheet3.csv Phylum, Class, Rep Total MajorTaxa_macofauna_sheet4.csv Summary of overall abundance of major benthic macrofaunal taxonomic groups, Oct 2000 Parameters: Taxa, Total No. Taxa, percent Total, Total No. Individuals, percent Total

Archive_macrofauna.xls MS Excel. Location, Date (says January, but likely is October 2000), method, taxa Archive_macrofauna.csv ASCII copy

NOW-RAMP_benthic_assessment.pdf Project report with summaries and tables, most of which are seen in the given spreadsheets. NOW-RAMP_benthic_assessment.txt ASCII copy

Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121220
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mr. Patrick C. Caldwell
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/NCDDC
Contact_Position: Hawaii/US Pacific Liaison
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: 1000 Pope Road, MSB 316
Address: Dept. of Oceanography
Address: University of Hawaii at Manoa
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: Hawaii
Postal_Code: 96822
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (808)-956-4105
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (808) 956-2352
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: caldwell@hawaii.edu
Hours_of_Service: 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays
Contact_Instructions: check services@nodc.noaa.gov if not available
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20060815035933
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20001001
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 20001031
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/hcri_nodc_0002301_macroinvertebrate_community_nwhi_2000.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 1421

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