Marine Biological Survey ROI-NAMUR Outfall, United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, May 2000 (NODC Accession 0000653)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Kevin Foster
Originator:
U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Ecoregion
Originator: Michael Molina
Originator:
U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Ecoregion
Originator: John Naughton
Originator: NOAA/NMFS
Originator: Isabella Abbott
Originator: University of Hawaii Botany
Publication_Date: 200112
Title:
Marine Biological Survey ROI-NAMUR Outfall, United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands, May 2000 (NODC Accession 0000653)
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
Publisher: Department of Interior, USA
Online_Linkage: <http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/653>
Description:
Abstract:
Roi-Namur is located at the northernmost tip of Kwajalein Atoll,approximately 64 kilometers north of the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll(USAKA) central command post on Kwajalein Islet. Roi-Namur has a single sewage outfall, which is located at the northwestern corner of the islet. Originally, the outfall extended from shore to a point about halfway across the reef flat where the pipe ended abruptly as an upturned, uncapped elbow. Raw sewage was pumped through the pipe in pulses approximately every 15-20 minutes. Waves and shallow currents across the reef flat carried at least some of the effluent back toward shore and the lagoon, creating a potentially unhealthy situation. In order to correct this problem, USAKA implemented a plan to extend the original outfall all the way across the reef flat and into the open ocean where the predominant current flow would carry effluent-mixed waters away from the islet. Ultimately, the extended outfall was to be connected to a new sewage treatment facility that would discharge primarily treated effluent. Because of a concern that this discharge might adversely impact the coral-reef community surrounding the end of the new outfall, a baseline marine biological survey was to be conducted prior to start-up of the new sewage treatment facility. As planned, the results of this survey would provide a baseline against which the results of future surveys could be compared in order to determine whether a balanced community of indigenous species had been maintained at the site during operation of the facility. If not, conversion to secondary treatment at the facility would need to be considered. The first resurvey was planned to occur one year after start-up of the new sewage treatment facility with subsequent resurveys planned for every five years thereafter. In August 1997, biologists from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) conducted the baseline marine biological survey in the vicinity of the Roi-Namur outfall. In May 2000, biologists from these agencies returned to Roi-Namur to re-characterize the coral-reef habitat and biological organisms at five survey sites in the vicinity of the outfall, previously established during the 1997 baseline marine biological survey. The purpose of the second survey was to collect data to determine whether a balanced community of indigenous species had been maintained at this location after the sewage treatment facility became operational. If not, conversion to secondary treatment at the facility would need to be considered. For the National Oceanographic Data Center, interest in the report focuses on the marine element. Data tables from marine surveys of reef fishes, corals, other macroinvertebrates, and algae that exist in those habitats are provided.
Purpose:
To generally characterize the coral-reef habitat within the vicinity of the outfall and document the primary species of reef fishes,corals, other macroinvertebrates, and algae that exist in those habitats.
Supplemental_Information:
NOAA Supplemental: Entry_ID: UnknownSensor_Name: SCUBA, visual census Sensor_Name: 0.25 meters-squared stringed quadrat Sensor_Name: Transect tape Sensor_Name: Hand-held GPS Source_Name: manual Project_Campaign: US Army Originating_Center: US Fish and Wildlife Service Storage_Medium: ASCII and WordPerfect 8Reference: Similar NODC Dataset: 1998 Wake Island, NODC ACCN 0000247 Reference: Similar NODC Dataset: 1996 Kwajalein Atoll, NODC ACCN 0000251 Reference: Similar NODC Dataset: 1998 Kwajalein Atoll, NODC ACCN 0000631Reference: Similar NODC Dataset: 1997 Namur-ROI, NODC ACCN 0000630 Online_size: 7.4 megabytes

Resource Description: NODC Accession Number 0000653

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20000501
Beginning_Time: 0800
Ending_Date: 20000531
Ending_Time: 1700
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Resurvey plans every five years
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 167.4465233
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 167.4694319
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 09.4067443
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 09.373071
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Biological survey
Theme_Keyword: Coral species
Theme_Keyword: reef fish species
Theme_Keyword: macro-invertebrate species
Theme_Keyword: sponge species
Theme_Keyword: algae species
Theme_Keyword: benthic habitat
Theme_Keyword: subtrate type and cover
Theme_Keyword: coastal studies
Theme_Keyword: coral reef
Theme_Keyword: Coral reef monitoring and assessment
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Biology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Coastal Habitat
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Habitats
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Estuarine Habitat
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Baseline studies
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Benthos Analysis > Quadrat Monitoring > In Situ
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Benthos Analysis > Transect monitoring
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: 014
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: 007
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Namur
Place_Keyword: Kwajalein Atoll
Place_Keyword: Marshall Islands
Place_Keyword: tropical western Pacific
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: RMI
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Ralik Islands > Roi-Namur Islet (09N167E0002)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Marshall Islands > Kwajalein Atoll > Roi-Namur Islet (09N167E0002)
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: benthic
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
NOAA and NODC would appreciate recognition as the resource from which these data were obtained in any publications and/or other representations of these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Kevin Foster
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Pacific Islands Ecoregion
Contact_Position: Biologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: physical and mailing
Address: 300 Ala Moana Blvd
Address: RM 3-122
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: Hawaii
Postal_Code: 96850
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (808)541-3441
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Kevin_Foster@mail.fws.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
Mr. Randy Galien U.S. Department of the Army Space and Missile Defense Command U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll Republic of the Marshall Islands
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Corel WordPerfect 8 Document

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: see Lineage - Process Step
Completeness_Report: the survey was 100% completed
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: I. A. Abbott
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Marine Red Algae of the Hawaiian Islands
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Honolulu, Hawaii.
Publisher: Bishop Museum Press
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1999
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Abbott, 1999
Source_Contribution: Marine Red Algae
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: P. L. Colin
Originator: C. Arneson
Publication_Date: 1995
Title:
Tropical Pacific Invertebrates - A Field Guide to the Marine Invertebrates Occurring on Tropical Pacific Coral Reefs, Seagrass Beds and Mangroves
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Beverly Hills, California
Publisher: Coral Reef Press
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1995
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Colin and Arneson, 1995
Source_Contribution: Marine Invertebrate Identification
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: C. L. Hunter
Publication_Date: 1995
Title:
Review of Status of Coral Reefs Around American Flag Pacific Islands and Assessment of Need, Value, and Feasibility of Establishing a Coral Reef Fishery Management Plan for the Western Pacific Region
Other_Citation_Details:
Final report prepared for the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1995
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Hunter, 1995
Source_Contribution: Coral Reef Fishery Management Plan
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: S. Johnson
Publication_Date: 1989
Title: Living Seashells
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Honolulu, Hawaii
Publisher: Oriental Publishing Company
Type_of_Source_Media: physical model
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1989
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Johnson, 1989
Source_Contribution: seashells
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: R. F. Myers
Publication_Date: 1989
Title:
Micronesian Reef Fishes - A Practical Guide to the Identification of the Coral Reef Fishes of the Tropical Central and Western Pacific
Edition: 2nd ed.
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Agana, Guam
Publisher: Coral Graphics
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1989
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Myers, 1989
Source_Contribution: identification of coral reef fishes
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: J. E. Randal
Originator: H.A. Randal
Publication_Date: 1987
Title:
Annotated checklist of the fishes of Enewetak Atoll and other Marshall Islands
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: D.M. Devaney
Originator: E.S.Reese
Originator: B.L. Burch
Originator: P.Helfrich (eds.)
Publication_Date: 1987
Title:
The Natural History of Enewetak Atoll - Volume II, Biogeography and Systematics
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oak Ridge, Tennessee
Publisher:
Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1987
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Randal and Randal, 1987
Source_Contribution: fish checklist
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USEPA
Publication_Date: 1994
Title: Amended Section 301(h) Technical Support Document
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher:
Oceans and Coastal Protection Division (4504F) Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1994
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USEPA, 1994
Source_Contribution: Technical Support Document.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of the Army, Space and Missile Defense Command
Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Baseline Marine Biological Survey, Roi-Namur Outfall, United States Army Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands
Other_Citation_Details:
Prepared by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2001
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USFWS/NMFS,2001
Source_Contribution: Baseline Marine Biological Survey
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: J. E. N. Veron
Publication_Date: 1993
Title: Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Honolulu, Hawaii
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press.
Other_Citation_Details: 644 p.
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1993
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Veron, 1993
Source_Contribution: Coral identification
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Two complementary survey techniques were used at each station: (a) asemi-quantitative Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA) and a quantitative benthic substrate survey. The REA was used to characterize species and habitat conditions at each station. The technique consisted of timed 30-minute scuba dives by biologists to survey fishes, corals and other macroinvertebrates. All dive operations were supported by Coastal International Security (CIS) and conducted from a 28-foot boat that was operated by CIS Lieutenant Gail Fabrizio. Mission logistical support was provided by Dr. Donald Ott of the USAKA Environmental Office. During each REA survey dive, biologists swam over the reef in a meandering fashion with a minimum amount of backtracking. Species of reef fishes, corals, other macroinvertebrates, and algae were recorded on underwater paper for later transcription. Emphasis was given to identifying conspicuous, diurnally active species. As a result, small, cryptic, and nocturnally active species are under-represented in the data. Many mollusc identifications were based on empty shells. The species observed during the REAs are ranked as being Abundant, Common, Occasional, or Rare. These categories are defined as follows: Abundant (A) = the species contributes substantial abundance or coverage (25+% of total) or is very numerous in the survey area (e.g., 15+ individuals of a fish species) or is dominant within parts of the survey area; Common (C) = the species is present as several or more individuals (e.g., 5-14 individuals of a fish species) or as a few larger colonies or is conspicuous in only one or a few parts of the survey area; Occasional (O) = the species is uncommon or present only as a few individuals (e.g., 2-4 individuals for fish species) or as a few large colonies, but not contributing substantially to abundance or substrate coverage anywhere within the survey area; Rare (R) = the species is present on the basis of only one individual (e.g. fishes) or colony seen within the survey area. Data on the benthic substrate and marine community were obtained using a 0.25 square-meter (m2) quadrat containing 25 sampling points, defined as the intersections of 5 strings spanning each dimension of the quadrat. Quadrats were placed at regular intervals along the downslope side of a transect tape laid on the bottom at a depth of 9 m (30 feet [ft]). The tape was fixed to metal stakes hammered into the bottom. GPS coordinates for the stake at the beginning end of each transect were recorded The type of substrate directly beneath each string intersection on the quadrat was recorded on underwater paper for later transcription. At all stations except the ZID, a 40-m transect tape was used, with quadrat samples taken every 5 m for a total of 9 samples per station. In order to more intensively sample the environment in the ZID around the diffuser, a 7-m transect tape was used, with quadrat samples taken every one meter for a total of 8 samples. Non-biological substrate types recorded along the transects included consolidated limestone pavement, rubble, and sand. Biological substrate types were in most cases not identified to species during quadrat sampling, but were instead grouped into the following classes: Cyanobacterial fuzz, Lyngbia spp (dominant blue-green algae), Coralline algae, Halimeda spp (dominant green algae), Lobophora sp (dominant brown alga), Peyssonelia sp(dominant red alga), Sponge (all spp), Hydroid (all spp), Coral (all true hard corals of the Order Scleractinia), Millepora spp (dominant false corals), Sarcophyton spp (dominant soft corals), and Palythoa sp(dominant zoanthid).
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Abbott, 1999
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Colin and Arneson, 1995
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Hunter, 1995
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Johnson, 1989
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Myers, 1989
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Randal and Randal, 1987
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: USEPA, 1994
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: USFWS/NMFS, 2001
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Veron, 1993
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Kevin Foster
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Pacific Islands Ecoregion
Contact_Position: Biologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: physical and mailing
Address: 300 Ala Moana Blvd
Address: RM 3-122
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: Hawaii
Postal_Code: 96850
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (808)541-3441
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Kevin_Foster@mail.fws.gov

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/National Oceanographic Data Center
Contact_Person: Data Access Group, User Services Team
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: SSMC-3 Fourth Floor
Address: 1315 East West Highway
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3277
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-3302
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: services@nodc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NODC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/653>
Fees:
Prices vary depending on data set, output medium and ordering mechanism. A standard handling charge, with additional costs for special handling, may be added to the basic cost of the data.
Ordering_Instructions:
Prepayment by check, money order or bank card is required. Orders may be placed via fax, email, regular mail, telephone or via the NNDC Online Store.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121220
Metadata_Review_Date: 20081015
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 20060801
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mr. Patrick C. Caldwell
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/NCDDC
Contact_Position: Hawaii/US Pacific Liaison
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: 1000 Pope Road, MSB 316
Address: Dept. of Oceanography
Address: University of Hawaii at Manoa
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: Hawaii
Postal_Code: 96822
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (808)-956-4105
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (808) 956-2352
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: caldwell@hawaii.edu
Hours_of_Service: 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays
Contact_Instructions: check services@nodc.noaa.gov if not available
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20081015080831
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20000501
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 20000531
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/nodc_0000653.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 2315

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