Resource Description: NODC Accession Number 0000819
A modified 0.16-m2 van Veen grab sampler deployed from a stern-mounted A-frame on the research vessel Noi I Kai was used to obtain bottom samples at all seven stations. Penetration of the sampler was adequate for all replicates. The minimum penetration depth for all grabs was 8 cm and the maximum was 15 cm.
Samples for geochemical analyses (total organic carbon (TOC), oxidation-reduction potential (ORP), sediment oil and grease (O&G), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), and grain size) were obtained from the grabs from which the biological subcores were taken. Each replicate van Veen grab contained more than enough sediment for both purposes (methods HI0020117). Three subsamples 7.6 cm in diameter by 5 cm deep (one from each of three differnt grab samples) were taken from all stations. The top 2 cm of sediment of each subsample were used for geochemical analysis. Samples for TOC and sediment O&G analysis were put in screw-cap jars, placed on ice, and taken to the laboratory for analysis. Sediment analyses of sediment grain size, ORP, TKN, and O&G followed EPA procedures. Analysis of TOC was carried out by PACE, Inc. Laboratory (Southern California).
Swartz,R.C. 1978. Techniques for sampling and analyzing the marine benthos. Doc. No. 600/3-789-030, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory, Corvallis, Oregon.
Swartz,R.C. and J.H.Bailey-Brock, W.J. Cook, E.A.Kay. 1999. Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to Sand Island ocean outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, August 1998. Project Report PR-99-10. Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, 172 pp.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1987a. Quality assurance and quality control for 301(h) monitoring programs: Guidance on field and laboratory methods. EPA 430/9-86-004, Office of Marine and Estuarine Protection, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 267 pp.