Grain Size Distribution and Fate of Transplanted Corals at Kawaihae, Hawaii: Field work of 1996-1997 (NODC Accession 0001141)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Dr. Franklyn Tan Te
Originator: Department of Zoology
Originator: University of Hawaii at Manoa
Originator: Dr. Paul Jokiel
Originator: Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology
Originator: Dr. Evelyn F. Cox
Originator: Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title:
Grain Size Distribution and Fate of Transplanted Corals at Kawaihae, Hawaii: Field work of 1996-1997 (NODC Accession 0001141)
Online_Linkage: <http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/1141>
Description:
Abstract:
A harbor expansion was planned in the early 1990s for Kawaihae, Hawaii on the northwest shore of the Big Island. To offset the habitat loss, select corals were transplanted. This study looked at the effects of sedimentation on the transplanted and non-transplanted corals of this high wave region. Eight experimental transplant station were set up, each with four sediment traps. An offshore gradient was established with sites selected from shallow to deep water and in various environments, including areas believed to have a high potential for damage associated with harbor construction (particularly increased sedimentation), to distant sites with a low potential for direct damage, and areas that presumably would be impacted by storm surf. Fate of transplanted coral colonies were recorded as percent in each of four classes: healthy, covered with filamentous overgrowth, bleached or dead. These data were published in a PhD Dissertation (Te, 2000)
Purpose:
Studies were directed at the feasibility of using coral transplantation as a mitigation measure to offset loss of habitat caused by harbor construction.
Supplemental_Information:
NOAA Supplemental: Entry_ID: UnknownSensor_Name: SCUBA, visual census Sensor_Name: PVC core samplers Sensor_Name: USA Standard Testing Sieve: A.S.T.M.E.-11 specifications with opening diameters of 500 um and 63 um)Project_Campaign: Coral Transplant Study Originating_Center: Hawaii Institue of Marine Biology Storage_Medium: MS Word and ASCII Online_size: 695 Kbytes

Resource Description: NODC Accession Number 0001141

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19960417
Beginning_Time: 0800
Ending_Date: 19970813
Ending_Time: 1500
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None Planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -155.83
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -155.82
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 20.04
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 20.03
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: benthic
Theme_Keyword: sediment
Theme_Keyword: coral
Theme_Keyword: coral reef ecosystem
Theme_Keyword: grain size
Theme_Keyword: grain type
Theme_Keyword: transplanted corals
Theme_Keyword: algal growth over corals
Theme_Keyword: coral health
Theme_Keyword: percent bleached corals
Theme_Keyword: percent dead corals
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Benthic
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Coastal Habitat
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Photographic Analysis
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Coral Cover
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Algal Cover
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral Growth
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral Mortality
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral Diseases > Bleaching
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: 014
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii > Kohala Coast (21N155W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Kohala Coast (21N155W0001)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North Pacific
Place_Keyword: Hawaii
Place_Keyword: Kawaihae Harbor
Place_Keyword: Kohala
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: MHI
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: benthic
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
NOAA and NODC would appreciate recognition as the resource from which these data were obtained in any publications and/or other representations of these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dr. Franklyn Tan Te
Contact_Organization: Florida International University
Contact_Position: professor
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: Marine Biology Program
Address: Biscayne Bay Campus
City: North Miami
State_or_Province: Florida
Postal_Code: 33181
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 305-919-5964
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: tefrank@fiu.edu
Data_Set_Credit:
Hawaii Institute for Marine Biology Department of Zoology University of Hawaii
Native_Data_Set_Environment: MS Word

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: See Lineage - Process Step
Completeness_Report: none
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: C. B. Craft
Originator: E.D. Seneca
Originator: S.W. Broome
Publication_Date: 1991
Title:
Loss on ignition and Kjeldahl digestion for estimating organic Carbon and total Nitrogen in estuarine marsh soils: Calibration with dry combustion
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Estuaries
Issue_Identification: 14:175-179
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1991
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Craft and others (1991)
Source_Contribution: estuarine soil study
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W. D. Gardner
Publication_Date: 1980
Title: Sediment trap dynamics and calibration: a laboratory evaluation
Series_Information:
Series_Name: J. Mar. Res.
Issue_Identification: .
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1980
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Gardner (1980)
Source_Contribution: sediment trap study
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W. D. Gardner
Publication_Date: 1980
Title: Field assessment of sediment traps
Series_Information:
Series_Name: J. Mar.
Issue_Identification: Res.
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1980
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Gardner (1980)
Source_Contribution: sediment trap study
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: J. McManus
Publication_Date: 1980
Title: Grain size determination and interpretation. pp. 63-85
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
IN M. Tucker ed., Techniques in Sedimentology. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford
Issue_Identification: England.
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1988
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: McManus (1988)
Source_Contribution: sediment study
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Parker, J.G.
Publication_Date: 1983
Title:
A comparison of methods used for the measurement of organic matter in marine sediment
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Chem.
Issue_Identification: Ecol.
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1983
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Parker (1983)
Source_Contribution: methods comparison
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Te, F.T.
Publication_Date: 2000
Title:
Responses of Hawaiian Scleractinian corals to different levels of terrestrial and carbonate sediment. Ph.D. dissertation
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii.Honolulu
Issue_Identification: Hawaii.
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2000
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Te (2000)
Source_Contribution: coral study
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Large-scale transplant method Divers first placed 1 m x 1 m squares of chicken wire (5 cm mesh) on the substrate adjacent to the collection site. A float was tied on one end of a 25 m line and a large spring clip tied to the opposite end. The line was clipped onto to one corner of the chicken wire mesh, serving as a visual marker for the divers. This line was used later to haul the corals off the bottom. Divers then moved corals and placed them on the chicken wire. Most corals were loosely attached to the substratum or rested on unconsolidated material and were easily moved. Occasionally, a sledgehammer was used to loosen corals that were too large or firmly attached.When the chicken wire was amply covered with coral, divers secured the four corners with the clip, forming a sling. The divers then returned to the boat and completed the operation with no personnel in the water. When all personnel were safely out of the water, the boat engines were started and the boat maneuvered alongside of the floats. The float was retrieved, and the two or more persons hauled the bags off the bottom.The bags were hoisted close to the surface, and the lines were tied off on cleats. Generally four bags of corals were carried on each boat trip. The boat slowly transported the corals to the transplant sites. Bags were lowered to the bottom, and the floats thrown clear of the boat, after which time the boat was anchored and secured. Divers then entered the water to set up the transplant stations. Corals remained fully immersed in water throughout the operation. All of the corals moved in this operation were massive colonies typical of high water motion environments. These corals can be handled with little or no breakage. Much more care would have been required if we were transplanting delicate species. Establishment of the eight transplant plots: The position of each transplant site was established using sightings on prominent land features. At each experimental site, a 2.5 m x 2.5 m squareof wire mesh was firmly attached to the bottom using stakes cut from steelreinforcing rod and large nails. Corals were then placed and secured to the grid with wire. Four sediment traps were attached to stakes at each site. Photographs and video were taken and used to compile detailed maps of the corals located at each transplant site. These maps were subsequently used by divers to monitor survivorship of corals. A total of 47 bags of coral were moved. Bags are estimated to weigh between 45 and 70 kg buoyant weight. Taking an average of 58 kg, an estimated 2,700 kg buoyant weight was moved. The ratio between buoyant weight and wet weight for Porites compressa, one of the dominant species in the area, was calculated to be 2.76. Thus approximately 7,500 kg (16,000 lbs) wet weight was moved. Monitoring of transplant plots at approximately monthly intervals (depending on weather andsurf conditions) the plots were visually sampled for condition of corals. Depth of sediments at the 35 Ft. and 45 Ft. sites was measured using permanent stakes. Sediment traps were replaced and the contents analyzed. Sediment Sampling Polyvinylchloride plastic (PVC) cylindrical pipes, interior diameter 5.2 cm, were used as sediment traps. The recommended diameter to length ratio of 1:3 (Gardner 1980a, b) was used. Four traps were deployed at each site, with one placed on each corner of the 2.5 x 2.5 m wire grid, with the mouth of the traps held 30 cm above the substrate with plastic stands. Trap contents were collected at roughly monthly intervals by capping the open tops of the traps and bringing the unit to the surface. Sediments were collected on pre-weighed filters and air dried to a constant weight. Bulk samples, characteristic of the benthic substratum, were collected at each site in November 1996. Scoop samples of approximately 50 g were collected from the top 10 cm of the substratum at each site. Sediment Analyses: Grain Size Analysis: Samples were homogenized and wet filtered through a large mesh sieve (2.8 mm) to remove small rocks. The remaining material was wet filtered through sieves representing gravel (>500 um), coarse sands (between 500 and 250 um), fine sands (between 250 and 63 um), and silt (<63 um) (McManus, 1988). Sieved materials were collectedon pre-weighed filters and dried to a constant weight. The proportion of material in each size class was determined. Organic and Carbonate Fraction Samples were dried and homogenized. Sub samples of approximately 10 g were dried at 60 deg C for 8 hours, and then ashed at 500 deg C for 12 hours. Organic fraction is expressed as Losson Ignition (LOI). The samples where then ashed at 1000 deg C for 4 hours to break down the carbonate (Parker, 1983; Craft et al.,1991). Sediment Mobility: Depth of the sediments at the 35 Ft. and 45 Ft. sites were measured monthly using permanent stakes. Two stakes were installed at each site: one close to the existing hard coral substratum and one centrally located within the sand channel.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Craft, 1991
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Gardner, 1980
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Gardner, 1980
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Parker, 1983
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Te, 2000
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dr. Franklyn Tan Te
Contact_Organization: Florida International University
Contact_Position: professor
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: Marine Biology Program
Address: Biscayne Bay Campus
City: North Miami
State_or_Province: Florida
Postal_Code: 33181
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 305-919-5964
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: tefrank@fiu.edu

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Files provided as MS WORD documents.Redundant copies of the MS WORD tables were placedin directory data/txt. Below, only the root namewithout the extention is given.List of files ContentsCHAPTER3 Complete chapter from dissertation (Te, 2000)Table3_1 Grain size distriubution (percent by dry weight)for materials collected from sediment traps in Februaryand June and in bulk samples from surrounding softsubtratum at each station.Table3_2 Second Series Transplantation (date oftransplantation, 17 April 96). Fate of coloniesas percent in each of four classes: healthy, coveredwith filamentous overgrowth, bleached or dead.stations.txt Cut from CHAPTER3.doc and contains site descriptions.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Te, F.T., 2000. Responses of Hawaiian Scleractinian corals to different
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
levels of terrestrial and carbonate sediment. Ph.D. dissertation.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii.Honolulu, Hawaii.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/National Oceanographic Data Center
Contact_Person: Data Access Group, User Services Team
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: SSMC-3 Fourth Floor
Address: 1315 East West Highway
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3277
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-3302
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: services@nodc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NODC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
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Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
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Network_Resource_Name: <http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/1141>
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121220
Metadata_Review_Date: 20081028
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mr. Patrick C. Caldwell
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/NCDDC
Contact_Position: Hawaii/US Pacific Liaison
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: 1000 Pope Road, MSB 316
Address: Dept. of Oceanography
Address: University of Hawaii at Manoa
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: Hawaii
Postal_Code: 96822
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (808)-956-4105
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (808) 956-2352
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: caldwell@hawaii.edu
Hours_of_Service: 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays
Contact_Instructions: check services@nodc.noaa.gov if not available
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC CSDGM
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20081028063149
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 19960417
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 19970813
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/nodc_0001141.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 2338

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