Assessment of Nonindigenous Species on Coral Reefs in the Hawaiian Islands, with Emphasis on Introduced Invertebrates (NODC Accession 0001419)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Steven L. Coles
Originator: L.G. Eldredge
Originator: F. Kandel
Originator: Hawaii Biological Survey
Originator: Bishop Museum
Originator: P.R. Reath
Originator: K. Longenecker
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title:
Assessment of Nonindigenous Species on Coral Reefs in the Hawaiian Islands, with Emphasis on Introduced Invertebrates (NODC Accession 0001419)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Online_Linkage: <http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/1419>
Description:
Abstract:
Coral reefs on the islands of Kaua'i, Moloka'i, Maui, Hawai'i and O'ahu were surveyed for the presence and impact of marine nonindigenous and cryptogenic species (NIS) using a rapid assessment method that standardized search effort for approximately 312 m2 at each site. A total of 41 sites were surveyed by three investigators for a total of approximately 120 hours search time on the five islands. Algae, invertebrate, and fish taxa were identified on site or returned to laboratory for identity confirmation. Only 26 NIS, comprised of three species of algae, 19 invertebrates, and four fishes were recorded from a total of 486 total taxa on the entire study, and 17 of the NIS occurred at only one or two sites. The most NIS that occurred at any site was six, and 21 of the sites had less than three. If the three species of fish that were introduced in the 1950s and known to occur throughout Hawai'i are excluded, over half the sites had less than two NIS.
Purpose:
The purpose of the present study was to determine the presence and impact of nonindigenous (introduced) marine species on Hawai'i's coral reefs.
Supplemental_Information:
NOAA Supplemental: :Entry_ID: Unknown: Sensor_Name: SCUBA, visual census; Sensor_Name: transect line; Project_Campaign: Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative; Originating_Center: Bishop Museum; Storage_Medium: MS Access; Online_size: 5941 Kbytes

Resource Description: NODC Accession Number 0001419

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20021102
Ending_Date: 20031105
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None Planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -159.6532
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -155.8359
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 21.96008
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 19.5080
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Marine species
Theme_Keyword: Count of species
Theme_Keyword: Occurence of non-indigenous species
Theme_Keyword: coral
Theme_Keyword: coral reef ecosystem
Theme_Keyword: coastal
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Biology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Dominance > Invasive Species
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Coral Cover
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Reef Fish Census > Belt Transect
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Marine Invertebrates > Census
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Rapid Assessment Studies
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: 014
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii Island > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Molokai Island > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Kauai Island > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: MHI
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: North Pacific
Place_Keyword: Hawaiian Islands
Place_Keyword: Hawaii
Place_Keyword: Maui
Place_Keyword: Molokai
Place_Keyword: Oahu
Place_Keyword: Kauai
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: benthic
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
NOAA and NODC would appreciate recognition as the resource from which these data were obtained in any publications and/or other representations of these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dr. Steve Coles, Ralph C. Felice, and Dr. Lu Eldredge
Contact_Organization: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Department of Natural Sciences
Contact_Position: Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 1525 Bernice Street
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96817
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808-847-3511
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808-841-8968
Hours_of_Service: Standard office hours (9-5PB local time)
Contact_Instructions: Phone/mail to Bishop Museum
Data_Set_Credit:
Hawaii Biological SurveyBishop MuseumHawaii Coral Reef Initiative
Native_Data_Set_Environment: MS Access relational databasePDF document

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: see Lineage - Process Step
Completeness_Report: none
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: S. L. Coles
Originator: L. G. Eldredge
Originator: F. Kandel
Originator: P. R. Reath
Originator: K. Longenecker
Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Assessment of Nonindigenous Species on Coral Reefs in the Hawaiian Islands, with Emphasis on Introduced Invertebrates
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Bishop Museum, Hawai'i Biological Survey. Bishop Museum Technical Report
Issue_Identification: No 27
Other_Citation_Details: Final report prepared for the Hawai'i Coral Reef Initiative
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2004
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Coles and others, 2004
Source_Contribution: coral reef study
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The methods used in biological sampling programs vary with the research questions being asked and require decisions pertaining to levels of effort directed toward two primary objectives. The first is to determine as completely as possible the total community species composition occurringat the sampling site. The second is to quantify the abundance or relative abundance of the various community components in an attempt to determine the numeric distribution of numbers of individuals or areal coverage of the various component species. These two objectives are somewhat opposing, especially where time is limited when sampling underwater. Most studies on coral reefs have focused on algal, coral, or fish assemblages and have utilized some variation of linear or belt transects, or, in the case of coral and algae, measurements with quadrats, either sampled once or repeatedly on permanently marked sections of reef surface. The power and efficacy of sampling coral coverage in Hawai'i have been reviewed by Brown et al. (in press). These approaches provide various levels of quantification and resolution that may enable time series analysis, but the area sampled must necessarily be small, and such studies sometimes also include "swim-arounds" on larger reef areas to detect species that are not encountered on the fixed transects or quadrats. The purpose of the present study was to determine the presence and impact of nonindigenous (introduced) marine species on Hawai'i's coral reefs. Anticipating that these species were likely to be low in abundance, our approach was focused on examining large areas and on as many habitats as could be done within the time frame of scuba dives in water of intermediate depths of 10-20 m up to three times per day. In order to facilitate a comparable search effort among islands and sites within islands, we developed a standardized method that could be replicated on every survey. This approach utilized a variation on the belt transect and timed search methods that was modified to provide both a standardized search area, estimates of probability of encounter and a sufficiently large search area to assure that most species occurring at the site had been encountered and noted. Where feasible the locations of surveyed sites were at or near sites established by the Hawai'i Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (CRAMP) in order to provide further information on areas that will be periodically resurveyed for coral and fish abundance (Brown et al. in press). Field Techniques After recording the position by GPS of the reef to be surveyed, a 50-m transect line was used to delineate a triangular area within which observations were made during the first 30 minutes of the survey. The starting point for the transect line was established haphazardly and the line was laid along the reef parallel to the shore for 25 m, then turned at a right angle for the remaining 25 m,with the resulting triangular area established by the line thus approximating 312 m2. Two observers (SLC and FK) swam in tandem along the line, noting and recording the first occurrence of all invertebrates, fishes and identifiable macroalgae occurring along a swath up to 2 m on either side of the transect within time periods of 5, 10, and 15 minutes from the start time of the transect. The next 15 minutes were spent recording organisms that occurred in the 312 m2 triangular area delineated by the legs of the transect line. Finally, 15 minutes were spent makingobservations outside of the triangle and recording all taxa not previously observed. In addition to the observations made by these two observers, on Kaua'i, Moloka'i, Maui, and Hawai'i a third diver (PAR) searched crevices and microhabitats throughout the triangular area, identifying small and cryptic organisms not observed by the first two divers on their roving searches. All organisms identifiable in the field were recorded on underwater paper, and samples of organisms were retained for identification in the laboratory where necessary. Identified organisms were entered on spreadsheets coded 1 to 3 according to the 5 minute period in which they were first encountered in the first 15 minutes, or 4 if they were first encounteredlater inside or outside of the triangle. In the event that the organism was recorded at different times by the different observers, the first encounter was assigned priority. Status of the species as nonindigenous, cryptogenic or native was assigned according to their designation in Carlton and Eldredge (in prep.) and the Checklist of the Marine Invertebrates of the Hawaiian Islands (<http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/HBS/invert/list_home.htm>). (Species of uncertain identity but suspected to be introduced were collected and returned to the laboratory for identification and/or verification by taxonomic experts.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Coles and others, 2004
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dr. Steve Coles, Ralph C. Felice, and Dr. Lu Eldredge
Contact_Organization: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Department of Natural Sciences
Contact_Position: Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 1525 Bernice Street
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96817
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808-847-3511
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808-841-8968
Hours_of_Service: Standard office hours (9-5PB local time)
Contact_Instructions: Phone/mail to Bishop Museum

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Two original files provided:filename commentHCRI_Final_Report.pdf complete reportRelational_Database.mdb MS AccessThe tables in the relational database were extracted and saved as MS Excel (97-2000)and comma-separated version (CSV). Table names:OccurencesSpecies ListStation
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/National Oceanographic Data Center
Contact_Person: Data Access Group, User Services Team
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: SSMC-3 Fourth Floor
Address: 1315 East West Highway
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3277
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-3302
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: services@nodc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NODC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: MS Access
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/1419>
Fees:
Prices vary depending on data set, output medium and ordering mechanism. A standard handling charge, with additional costs for special handling, may be added to the basic cost of the data.
Ordering_Instructions:
Prepayment by check, money order or bank card is required. Orders may be placed via fax, email, regular mail, telephone or via the NNDC Online Store.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121208
Metadata_Review_Date: 20110218
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 20060801
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mr. Patrick C. Caldwell
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/NCDDC
Contact_Position: Hawaii/US Pacific Liaison
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: 1000 Pope Road, MSB 316
Address: Dept. of Oceanography
Address: University of Hawaii at Manoa
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: Hawaii
Postal_Code: 96822
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (808)-956-4105
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (808) 956-2352
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: caldwell@hawaii.edu
Hours_of_Service: 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays
Contact_Instructions: check services@nodc.noaa.gov if not available
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20081114042645
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20021102
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 20031105
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/nodc_0001419.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 801

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