Summer 2004 Coral Bleaching Event on Tutuila, American Samoa (NODC Accession 0001955)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Douglas Fenner
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title:
Summer 2004 Coral Bleaching Event on Tutuila, American Samoa (NODC Accession 0001955)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.nodc.noaa.gov>
Description:
Abstract:
American Samoa's coral reefs have been impacted by a variety of major events, including periodic severe hurricanes, the most recent of which was Hurricane Heta, which was closest on Jan 6, 2004. Other events have included a Crown-of-Thorns seastar outbreak in 1974 and night scuba spearfishing from 1994-2002. Mass coral bleaching occurred in 1994 and then again in the summers of 2002 and 2003, and the bleaching was severe enough to kill some corals. Bi-weekly surveys were made of the reefs at Airport Lagoon. During the peak of the summer bleaching, surveys were made at five other locations. The data given with this data set refer to the percent corals bleached within the survey area.
Purpose:
To understand the annual cycle and status in 2004 of coral bleaching at Airport Lagoon, American Samoa.
Supplemental_Information:
NOAA Supplemental:Entry_ID: Unknown Sensor_Name: SCUBA Source_Name: manual Project_Campaign: coral bleaching Originating_Center: Dept Marine & Wildlife Resources, American Samoa Storage_Medium: MS Word and Excel Online_size: 100 kbytes

Resource Description: NODC Accession Number 0001955

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20031210
Ending_Date: 20041205
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None Planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -170.8500
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -170.5500
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.2500
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.3833
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Coastal studies
Theme_Keyword: coral reef
Theme_Keyword: coral bleaching
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Habitats
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Coastal Habitat
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Benthic Habitat
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral Diseases > Bleaching
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Damage Assessment > Visual
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: 014
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Tutuila Island > Alofau (14S170W0054)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > Tutuila Island > Alofau (14S170W0054)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Pago Pago Harbor > Faga'alu (14S170W0005)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > Tutuila Island > Faga'alu (14S170W0005)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Tutuila Island > Fagatele Bay (14S170W0002)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > Tutuila Island > Fagatele Bay (14S170W0002)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: South Pacific
Place_Keyword: American Samoa
Place_Keyword: Tutuila Island
Place_Keyword: Nuu'uli
Place_Keyword: Alofau
Place_Keyword: Airport Lagoon
Place_Keyword: Faga'alu
Place_Keyword: Utelei
Place_Keyword: Fagatele
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: AmSam
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: Benthic
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
NOAA and NODC would appreciate recognition as the resource from which these data were obtained in any publications and/or other representations of these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Douglas Fenner
Contact_Organization: Dept Marine & Wildlife Resources, American Samoa
Contact_Position: Chief Biologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: PO Box 3730
City: Pago Pago
State_or_Province: American Samoa
Postal_Code: 96799
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 684 633 4456
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: douglasfenner@yahoo.com
Data_Set_Credit: Dept Marine & Wildlife Resources, American Samoa
Native_Data_Set_Environment: MS Word and Excel

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: see lineage, process step
Completeness_Report: none
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: P. Craig
Originator: C. Birkeland
Originator: S. Belliveau
Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
High temperatures tolerated by a diverse assemblage of shallow-water corals in American Samoa
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Coral Reefs
Issue_Identification: 20: 185-189
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2001
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Craig and others, 2001
Source_Contribution: temperature study
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: T. J. Goreau
Originator: R. L. Hayes
Publication_Date: 1994
Title:
A survey of coral reef bleaching in the south central Pacific during 1994
Other_Citation_Details:
Report to Coral Reef Intiative, U.S. Dept of State. 118 pp, 54 figures.
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1994
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Goreau and Hayes, 1994
Source_Contribution: coral reef bleaching study
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: A. Green
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
Status of coral reefs on the main volcanic islands of American Samoa: a resurvey of long term monitoring sites (benthic communities, fish communities, and key macroinvertebrates)
Other_Citation_Details:
Report to Dept. Marine & Wildlife Resources, American Samoa. 86 pp.
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2002
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Green, 2002
Source_Contribution: coral reef status study
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The percentage of bleached colonies was estimated visually and mentally following a roughly one-hour swim in the lagoon along roughly the same path. The swimming rate was steady and moderate for a SCUBA diver wearing fins. This method results in course resolution. Accuracy subjectly estimated at 10-20%. Craig, P., Birkeland C, Belliveau S. 2001. High temperatures tolerated by a diverse assemblage of shallow-water corals in American Samoa. Coral Reefs 20: 185-189. Goreau, T. J., and Hayes, R. L. 1994. A survey of coral reef bleaching in the south central Pacific during 1994. Report to Coral Reef Intiative, U.S. Dept of State. 118 pp, 54 figures. Green, A. 2002. Status of coral reefs on the main volcanic islands of American Samoa: a resurvey of long term monitoring sites (benthic communities, fish communities, and key macroinvertebrates). Report to Dept. Marine & Wildlife Resources, American Samoa. 86 pp.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Douglas Fenner
Contact_Organization: Dept Marine & Wildlife Resources, American Samoa
Contact_Position: Chief Biologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: PO Box 3730
City: Pago Pago
State_or_Province: American Samoa
Postal_Code: 96799
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 684 633 4456
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: douglasfenner@yahoo.com

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Original data received in MS Excel spreadsheet in file, ../../data/Bleaching.xls. A redundant ASCII copy was placed in ../../data/Bleaching.csv.The original report was provided in MS Word,../../data/2004_Bleaching_report.docwith a redundant ASCII copy in../../data/2004_Bleaching_report.txt
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/National Oceanographic Data Center
Contact_Person: Data Access Group, User Services Team
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: SSMC-3 Fourth Floor
Address: 1315 East West Highway
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3277
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-3302
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: services@nodc.noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NODC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: MS Word and Excel
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/1955>
Fees:
Prices vary depending on data set, output medium and ordering mechanism. A standard handling charge, with additional costs for special handling, may be added to the basic cost of the data.
Ordering_Instructions:
Prepayment by check, money order or bank card is required. Orders may be placed via fax, email, regular mail, telephone or via the NNDC Online Store.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121220
Metadata_Review_Date: 20081113
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 20060801
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mr. Patrick C. Caldwell
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/NCDDC
Contact_Position: Hawaii/US Pacific Liaison
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing
Address: 1000 Pope Road, MSB 316
Address: Dept. of Oceanography
Address: University of Hawaii at Manoa
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: Hawaii
Postal_Code: 96822
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (808)-956-4105
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (808) 956-2352
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: caldwell@hawaii.edu
Hours_of_Service: 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays
Contact_Instructions: check services@nodc.noaa.gov if not available
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20081112102824
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20031210
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 20041205
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/nodc_0001955.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 2377

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