American Samoa Reef Macroinvertebrate Inventory, 1992, (NODC Accession 9900054)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
American Samoa Coastal Resources Inventory (ASCRI); the PI for this component of the study was Dr. Barry Smith.
Publication_Date: 19990519
Publication_Time: Unknown
Title:
American Samoa Reef Macroinvertebrate Inventory, 1992, (NODC Accession 9900054)
Edition: None
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Numeric Data Sets > Biology
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Silver Spring, MD
Publisher: NOAA National Oceanographic Data Center
Other_Citation_Details:
These macroinvertebrate data were collected by Dr. Barry Smith of the University of Guam as a component of ASCRI. The investigation was partially supported by Sea Grant. This dataset was released/published through the NOAA National Oceanographic Data Center.
Description:
Abstract:
This data set includes data from a 1992 survey of the American Samoa coral reef ecosystem, collected as part of the American Samoa Coastal Resources Inventory (ASCRI), partly funded by Sea Grant. This component of the study focuses on a systematic inventory of conspicuous marine macroinvertebrate observations. Coral reefs of American Samoa support a diverse fauna of benthic invertebrates other than scleractinian corals that is characteristic of the tropical Indo-West Pacific region delineated by Ekman (1953). Sponges, nonscleractinian cnidarians, molluscs, and echinoderms comprised the major elements of the 83 species of conspicuous, epibenthicinvertebrates recorded in this survey. Sampling methods employed in this survey were adapted to gather maximum qualitative data within a finite timeframe. Therefore, highly motile and cryptic species of invertebrates are under-represented in the information presented herein, and infaunal invertebrates are excluded. These data are filed were filed at the National Oceanographic Data Center under NODC Accession #9900054.
Purpose:
To provide a systematic inventory of conspicuous marine macroinvertebrate observations in the American Samoa coral reef ecosystem.
Supplemental_Information:
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was utilized as an aid to complete upper level species classifications FOR THIS METADATA RECORD ONLY by the NODC to aid in the development of search engines. No original data was altered at the NODC.

Resource Description: NODC Accession # 9900054

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19920101
Beginning_Time: Unknown
Ending_Date: 19921231
Ending_Time: Unknown
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: Coral reefs off of Tutuila, American Samoa, Indo-West Pacific
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -170.8253
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -170.6064
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.25778
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.36556
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Biology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Marine Invertebrates
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Marine Invertebrates > Macroinvertebrates
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Marine Invertebrates > Census
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Benthic biology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: AmSam
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Stratum_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Benthos analysis
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Taxonomic_Keywords:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Marine Invertebrates > Macroinvertebrates
Taxonomic_Keywords: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Anemones
Taxonomic_Keywords: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Mollusks
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sponges
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Taxonomic_Keywords: Arthropods
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sea cucumbers
Taxonomic_Keywords: Soft corals
Taxonomic_Keywords: Marine worms
Taxonomic_Keywords: Lobsters
Taxonomic_Keywords: Octopus
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sea urchins
Taxonomic_Keywords: Starfish
Taxonomic_Keywords: Sea stars
Taxonomic_Keywords: Polychaetes
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
ITIS organization and partners: U.S. Department of Agriculture; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; U.S. Geological Survey; Smithsonian Institution; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; National Biological Information Infrastructure; Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; U.S. National Park Service; Conabio (Comisión nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad - Mexico)
Publication_Date: 20020602
Publication_Time: Unknown
Title: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Edition: None
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: World Wide Web at URL: <http://www.itis.usda.gov/itis_query.html>
Publisher:
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) organization and partners
Classification_System_Modifications:
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) was utilized as an aid to complete upper level species classifications FOR THIS METADATA RECORD ONLY by the NODC to aid in the development of search engines. No original data was altered at the NODC.
Taxonomic_Procedures:
Not specifically described; see discussion.wp or discussion.txt file of dataset
Taxonomic_Completeness:
Sampling methods employed in this survey were adapted to gather maximum qualitative data within a finite timeframe. Therefore, highly motile and cryptic species of invertebrates are under-represented in the information presented herein, and infaunal invertebrates are excluded. Two species of sponges occurred in all seven areas designated in this survey. The demosponge Stylotella agminata was conspicuous because of its size (up to some 20 cm) and bright orange color. Because of the complexity of sponge taxonomy, the second wide-ranging species is tentatively identified as a calcarean sponge. Placement of this species in the Class Calcarea is based on the following morphological characteristics: sponge solitary or compound; rounded; surface even, texture prickly; bright citrus yellow in color. Examination of spicule morphology and composition would be required for more specific identification. Alcyonacean corals were the predominant benthic invertebrates in terms of total biomass. The taxonomy of soft corals, like that of sponges, is dependent to a considerable degree on the morphology of skeletal spicules embedded in structural tissues. Such microscopic examination of tissues was beyond the scope of this survey. Therefore, soft corals were treated as species complexes for the purposes of this report.
General_Taxonomic_Coverage: To genus and species (when possible).
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinodermata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stelleroidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spinulosida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Acanthasteridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Acanthaster
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Acanthaster planci
Applicable_Common_Name: Crown-of-thorns
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Valvatida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreasteridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Culcita
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Culcita novaeguineae
Applicable_Common_Name: cushion seastar
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ophiodiasteridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fromia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fromia monilis
Applicable_Common_Name: orange marble starfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gomophia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gomophia egyptiaca
Applicable_Common_Name: orange sea star
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Linckia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Linckia guildingii (='guildingi' in original data)
Applicable_Common_Name: common comet star
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Linckia multifora
Applicable_Common_Name: spotted linckia
Applicable_Common_Name: pink seastar
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Neoferdina
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Neoferdina cumingi
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ophiurida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ophiocomidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ophiocoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ophiocoma sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: brittle star
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Holothuroidea
Applicable_Common_Name: sea cucumbers
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aspidochirotida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Holothuriidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actinopyga
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actinopyga mauritiana
Applicable_Common_Name: white-spotted sea cucumber
Applicable_Common_Name: speckled sea cucumber
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Holothuria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Holothuria atra
Applicable_Common_Name: lolly fish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stichopodidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stichopus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stichopus chloronotus
Applicable_Common_Name: green fish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Crinoidea
Applicable_Common_Name: Sea lilies and feather stars
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Comatulida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Comasteridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Comanthus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Comanthus parvicirrus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Comaster multifidus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinoidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinoida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinometridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinometra
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinometra mathaei
Applicable_Common_Name: rock boring urchin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinostrephus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinostrephus aciculatus
Applicable_Common_Name: burrowing sea urchin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Diadematoida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Diadematidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinothrix
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echinothrix diadema
Applicable_Common_Name: blue-back urchin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cnidaria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anthozoa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corallimorpharia
Applicable_Common_Name: mushroom corals and related
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actinodiscidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actinodiscus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actinodiscus sp
Applicable_Common_Name: mushroom coral
Applicable_Common_Name: disc anemones
Applicable_Common_Name: flower coral
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhodactis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhodactis howesii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alcyonacea
Applicable_Common_Name: soft corals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alcyoniidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cladiella
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cladiella sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: colt coral
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dendronephthya
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dendronephthya sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: cauliflower coral
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lobophytum
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lobophytum sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: leather coral
Applicable_Common_Name: mushroom leather coral
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sarcophyton
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sarcophyton sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: leather coral
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sinularia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sinularia sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: finger leather coral
Applicable_Common_Name: finger soft coral
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actiniaria
Applicable_Common_Name: sea anemones
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thalassianthidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cryptodendrum
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cryptodendrum adhaesivum
Applicable_Common_Name: pizza anemone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heterodactyla
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heterodactyla hemprichii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stichodactylidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Entacmaea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Entacmaea quadricolor
Applicable_Common_Name: bubble tip anemone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stichodactyla
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stichodactyla mertensii
Applicable_Common_Name: saddle anemone
Applicable_Common_Name: carpet anemone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gorgonacea
Applicable_Common_Name: sea fans
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gorgoniidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gorgonia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gorgonia sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: sea fan
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Plexauridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: not determined
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Plexaurid sp. (as listed in data)
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zoanthidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zoanthidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Palythoa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Palythoa sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: button polyps
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Palythoa tuberculosa
Applicable_Common_Name: rubber coral
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydrozoa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hydroida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corymorphidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heteractis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heteractis aurora
Applicable_Common_Name: sand anemone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heteractis crispa
Applicable_Common_Name: sebae anemone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heteractis magnifica
Applicable_Common_Name: magnificent sea anemone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Plumulariidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lytocarpus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lytocarpus phillippinus (= 'philippinus' in original data)
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mollusca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gastropoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Archaeogastropoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Turbinidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Astraea
Applicable_Common_Name: star shells
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Astraea rhodostoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trochidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tectus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tectus conus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tectus pyramis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trochus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trochus histrio
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trochus laciniatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Neotaenioglossa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cerithiidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cerithium
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cerithium echinatum
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cypraeidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cypraea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cypraea annulus
Applicable_Common_Name: gold-ringer cowrie
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cypraea caputserpentis
Applicable_Common_Name: snakehead cowrie
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vermetidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dendropoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dendropoma maxima
Applicable_Common_Name: worm snail
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Epitoniidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Epitonium
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Epitonium ulu
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ovulidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ovula
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ovula ovum
Applicable_Common_Name: common egg cowrie
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Neogastropoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Muricidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chicoreus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chicoreus brunneus
Applicable_Common_Name: adusta murex
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Drupa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Drupa grossularia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Drupa ricinus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Drupella
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Drupella elata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Drupella fragum
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Homalocantha
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Homalocantha anatomica
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Conidae
Applicable_Common_Name: cone shells
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Conus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Conus balteatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Conus distans
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Conus miles
Applicable_Common_Name: soldier cone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Conus rattus
Applicable_Common_Name: rat cone
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Conus varius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Coralliophilidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Coralliophila
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Coralliophila violacea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fasciolariidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Latirus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Latirus nodatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Latirus polygonus barclayi
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Peristernia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Peristernia nassatula
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pleuroploca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pleuroploca filamentosa
Applicable_Common_Name: filamentous horse conch
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Nudibranchia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chromodorididae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chromodoris
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chromodoris sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: sea slug
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phyllidiidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phyllidia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phyllidia sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: sea slug
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phyllidia varicosa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phyllidiella
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phyllidiella pustulosa
Applicable_Common_Name: sea slug
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bivalvia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ostreoida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gryphaeidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hyotissa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hyotissa hyotis
Applicable_Common_Name: honeycomb oyster
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Veneroida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tridacnidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tridacna
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tridacna maxima
Applicable_Common_Name: giant clam
Applicable_Common_Name: blue maxima clam
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tridacna squamosa
Applicable_Common_Name: fluted giant clam
Applicable_Common_Name: scaly giant clam
Applicable_Common_Name: scaled clam
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cephalopoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Octopoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Octopodidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Octopus
Applicable_Common_Name: common reef octopus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value:
Octopus cyanea (syn. Callistoctopus magnocellatus, Octopus glaber, O. horsti, O.marmoratus)
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Porifera
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Demospongiae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Choristida
Applicable_Common_Name: sponge
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tetillidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cinachyra
Applicable_Common_Name: sponge
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cinachyra sp.
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dendroceratida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dysideidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dysidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dysidea sp.
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hadromerida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Suberitidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stylotella
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stylotella agminata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arthropoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Malacostraca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Decapoda
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Diogenidae
Applicable_Common_Name: left-handed hermit crabs
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dardanus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dardanus sp.
Applicable_Common_Name: hermit crab
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trizopagurus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trizopagurus strigatus
Applicable_Common_Name: cone shell hermit
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Paguridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Paguritta
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Paguritta harmsi
Applicable_Common_Name: Harm's coral hermit crab
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Palinuridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Panulirus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Panulirus versicolor
Applicable_Common_Name: painted spiny lobster
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ascidiacea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aplousobranchia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Didemnidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Didemnum
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Didemnum molle
Applicable_Common_Name: common sea squirt
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stolidobranchia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Styelidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polycarpa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polycarpa cryptocarpa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Annelida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polychaeta
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Canalipalpata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Terebellidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Loimia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Loimia medusa
Applicable_Common_Name: spaghetti worm
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Serpulidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spirobranchus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spirobranchus gigantea (='giganteus' in original data)
Applicable_Common_Name: Christmas tree worm
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
None. NOAA and NODC would appreciate recognition as the resource from which these data were obtained in any publications and/or other representations of these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dr. Barry Smith
Contact_Organization: University of Guam
Contact_Position: Professor, marine lab
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 303 University Drive
City: Mangilao
State_or_Province: Guam
Postal_Code: 96913-1871
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 671-735-2350
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 671-734-6005
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bdsmith@uog9.uog.edu
Hours_of_Service: unknown
Contact_Instructions:
Contact by phone/FAX/e-mail through the University of Guam; mail to University of Guam; or contact through the NODC Pacific Liaison Officer (Patrick Caldwell, phone: 808-956-4105 or e-mail: Patrick.Caldwell@noaa.gov)
Data_Set_Credit: Dr. Barry Smith, University of Guam
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: none
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description: not applicable
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Wordperfect

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Geographic location of sites as determined by Magellan NAV 1000 global positioning system: too few satellites could be contacted to obtain fixes at other sites. Note that data for Sites 16, 17, 22, and 25 are given to the nearest second of a degree; data for the remaining sites are given to the nearest 0.01 minute.

Site No. Latitude Longitude 5 14&oacute; 17.67' S 170&oacute; 38.94' W 6 14&oacute; 16.94' S 170&oacute; 37.36' W 8 14&oacute; 16.88' S 170&oacute; 36.39' W 16 14&oacute; 15' 28" S 170&oacute; 37' 12" W 17 14&oacute; 16' 46" S 170&oacute; 40' 46" W 22 14&oacute; 17' 15" S 170&oacute; 43' 23" W 25 14&oacute; 18' 01" S 170&oacute; 48' 38" W 28 14&oacute; 19.48' S 170&oacute; 49.52' W 32 14&oacute; 20.49' S 170&oacute; 47.42' W 35 14&oacute; 22.07' S 170&oacute; 45.66' W 36 14&oacute; 21.93' S 170&oacute; 45.07' W 42 14&oacute; 18.66' S 170&oacute; 41.24' W 44 14&oacute; 18.18' S 170&oacute; 40.35' W

Completeness_Report:
Sampling methods employed in this survey were adapted to gather maximum qualitative data within a finite timeframe. Therefore, highly motile and cryptic species of invertebrates are under-represented in the information presented herein, and infaunal invertebrates are excluded. For the purposes of this inventory, determination of the relative abundance of macroinvertebrates was based on the mean number of organisms observed during each dive. Therefore, the total number of observations for each taxon was divided by the duration of the dive. Relative abundance was then indexed as follows: D = Dominant; species is the predominant taxon in terms of percent surface cover in a given habitat A = Abundant; the mean number of individuals observed was equal to or greater than 2.5/min C = Common; the mean number of individuals observed was greater than 0.25/min, but less than 2.5/min O = Occasional; two or more individuals were encountered, and the mean number of individuals observed was less than 0.25/min R = Rare; only one individual was observed during the dive.
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Identifier:
Methodology_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Methodology_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Baseline studies
Methodology_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > In situ biological
Methodology_Keyword: Macroinvertebrate census
Methodology_Keyword: Macroinvertebrate inventory
Methodology_Description:
Conspicuous, epibenthic macroinvertebrates other than scleractinian corals were quantified by a diver swimming along the 18-m (60-ft) isobath for a specified time period (usually 30 min) and then in the opposite direction along the 6-m (20-ft) isobath. Clonal organisms, such as alcyonaceans, actiniarians, and didemnid ascidians, were counted as individuals when no tissue connected adjacent colonies. For colonial organisms, counts represent the number of colonies observed, but do not provide any estimate of the numbers of individuals within the colonies nor the percent surface area of the colonies. For the purposes of this inventory, determination of the relative abundance of macroinvertebrates was based on the mean number of organisms observed during each dive. Therefore, the total number of observations for each taxon was divided by the duration of the dive. Relative abundance was then indexed as follows: D = Dominant; species is the predominant taxon in terms of percent surface cover in a given habitat A = Abundant; the mean number of individuals observed was equal to or greater than 2.5/min C = Common; the mean number of individuals observed was greater than 0.25/min, but less than 2.5/min O = Occasional; two or more individuals were encountered, and the mean number of individuals observed was less than 0.25/min R = Rare; only one individual was observed during the dive.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
For the purposes of this inventory, determination of the relative abundance of macroinvertebrates was based on the mean number of organisms observed during each dive. Therefore, the total number of observations for each taxon was divided by the duration of the dive. Relative abundance was then indexed as follows: D = Dominant; species is the predominant taxon in terms of percent surface cover in a given habitat A = Abundant; the mean number of individuals observed was equal to or greater than 2.5/min C = Common; the mean number of individuals observed was greater than 0.25/min, but less than 2.5/min O = Occasional; two or more individuals were encountered, and the mean number of individuals observed was less than 0.25/min R = Rare; only one individual was observed during the dive.
Process_Date: 19921231
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dr. Barry Smith
Contact_Organization: University of Guam
Contact_Position: Professor, marine lab
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 303 University Drive
City: Mangilao
State_or_Province: Guam
Postal_Code: 96913-1871
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 671-735-2350
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 671-734-6005
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bdsmith@uog9.uog.edu
Hours_of_Service: unknown
Contact_Instructions:
Contact by phone/FAX/e-mail through the University of Guam; mail to University of Guam; or contact through the NODC Pacific Liaison Officer (Patrick Caldwell, phone: 808-956-4105 or e-mail: Patrick.Caldwell@noaa.gov)
Cloud_Cover: Unknown

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference:
18m and 6m isobath, of coral reefs off of Tutuila, American Samoa, Indo-West Pacific

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA National Oceanographic Data Center
Contact_Person: NODC User Services
Contact_Position: not applicable
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1315 East-West Highway, SSMC3, 4th Floor
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3277 or 3280
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-3302
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nodc.services@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 8:30 AM through 6:00 PM, Monday through Friday EST
Contact_Instructions: Phone/e-mail/FAX/voice mail message
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NODC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: WP
Format_Version_Date: 19921230
Format_Specification: Not listed
Format_Information_Content:
19 WordPerfect files; 168KB in total; 'Survey Site Locations.wp', 'Methods.wp', 8 files 'Invertebrates (1-8)', 7 files 'Area (1-7)', 'Discussion.wp', 'References.wp' with redundant text (.txt) files
File_Decompression_Technique: None required
Transfer_Size: 168000
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/9900054>
Access_Instructions:
NODC Data Direct functions through standard Internet browsers; FTP capability required; access "Data Direct" through the NODC website at www.nodc.noaa.gov; go to "year 1999" and select NODC Accession # 9900054
Online_Computer_and_Operating_System:
Standard Internet browser, PC, Mac, or UNIX, Wordperfect 1992 versions and higher and/or compatible software suggested; FTP capability
Fees: None
Ordering_Instructions:
Download through via NODC's "Data Direct" system at the NODC homepage at www.nodc.noaa.gov or contact NODC for custom order. (When requesting data from the NODC, the desired data set may be referred to by the 7-digit number given in the RESOURCE DESCRIPTION field of this metadata record)
Turnaround: Usually within 24 hours or less if downloaded via the Internet
Custom_Order_Process:
Contact the NODC User Services Group via phone/FAX/E-mail: nodc.services@noaa.gov
Technical_Prerequisites:
Wordperfect 1992 versions or compatible suggested; redundant .txt files are included.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121220
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 20051215
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Sheri Phillips
Contact_Organization: NOAA/NODC
Contact_Position: Oceanographer
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1315 East-West Highway, E/OC1, SSMC3, 4th Floor
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3280 x127
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-3302
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sheri.phillips@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 9:30 AM - 6 PM Monday-Thursday
Contact_Instructions: E-mail, phone, FAX, mail
Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999
Metadata_Time_Convention: Local Time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: None
Metadata_Security_Classification: Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: Not applicable

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20030221023832
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 19920101
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 19921231
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/nodc_9900054_samoa_reef_inventory.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 167

Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Fri Nov 21 10:43:24 2014