NOAA's Coastal Aerial Photography

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Geodetic Survey (NGS)
Publication_Date: 2003
Title: NOAA's Coastal Aerial Photography
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Silver Spring, MD
Publisher: NOAA's Ocean Service, National Geodetic Survey (NGS)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/web/APOS2/price_list.shtml>
Description:
Abstract:
One of the primary missions of the National Ocean Service (NOS) and its predecessor agencies has been to accurately survey the coast of the United States. Beginning in the late 1930's, metric aerial photographs have become the primary source material for coastal survey maps and digital cartographic feature files. Photographic surveys replaced plane table field surveys because they could be completed faster and less expensively.The vertical aerial photographs which are shot and maintained by the National Geodetic Survey (NGS), are used for a variety of geo-positioning application including shoreline delineation, mapping water depths, topographic mapping, mapping seabed characteristics, and locating features or obstructions to ensure the safety of marine and air navigation.NGS's area of photogrammetric responsibilities includes all coastal regions, including the Great Lakes and their connecting navigable waterways. This represents approximately 95,000 miles of shoreline. NGS maintains a library of all vertical aerial photographic surveys of the coast dating back to 1945. There are currently over 500,000 photographs in the library with 15,000 additional photographs being acquired each year. All photographs are available to the public for purchase.
Purpose:
Vertical aerial photographs of the United States coastline were obtained as the primary source material for coastal survey maps. Vertical aerial photographs have the advantage over coastal survey maps of capturing everything in that instant and have been utilized for a wide variety of other purposes including mapping water depths, topographic mapping, waterfront development, natural resource identification, and locating navigational hazards.
Supplemental_Information:
Hardcopy prints of any of the imagery can be ordered from the National Geodetic Survey (NGS). Any of the images can be scanned to special order at resolutions from 100 dpi to 1200 dpi.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1945
Ending_Date: present
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Continually
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -178.22
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -65.17
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 71.49
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 17.52
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: vertical aerial photography
Theme_Keyword: coastal survey
Theme_Keyword: shoreline
Theme_Keyword: coastal
Theme_Keyword: color positive film
Theme_Keyword: color negative film
Theme_Keyword: digital
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: photos
Theme_Keyword: photo
Theme_Keyword: photograph
Theme_Keyword: photographs
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NOS Data Explorer Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: Remotely Sensed Imagery/Photos
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: 010
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Map Images > Aerial Photographs
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Mapping > Base map > Aerial Photography
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Mapping > Base map
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: coastal regions
Place_Keyword: connecting navigable waterways
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Caribbean Sea
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean
Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Florida
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Florida
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > Gulf of Mexico > Florida
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > Caribbean Sea /North Atlantic Ocean > Puerto Rico > Puerto Rico (18N066W0000)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Puerto Rico > Puerto Rico (18N066W0000)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > Caribbean Sea > Virgin Islands > Lesser Antilles > U. S. Virgin Islands (17N064W0000)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > U. S. Virgin Islands > U. S. Virgin Islands > U. S. Virgin Islands (17N064W0000)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Kauai Island > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Niihau Island > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Kauai > Niihau Island (21N160W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Molokai Island > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii Island > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Lanai Island > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Lanai Island (20N156W0002)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: MHI
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: PR
Place_Keyword: USVI
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These photographs were obtained for use by NGS during the course of its development of potential final products to fulfill its statutory mission. Although NGS is making these photographs available to others who may find the photographs of value, NGS does not warrant, endorse, or recommend the use of these photographs for any given purpose. NGS is providing these photographs "as is," and NGS disclaims any and all warranties, whether expressed or implied, including (without limitation) any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In no event will NGS be liable to you or any third party for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special, or exemplary damages or lost profits resulting from any use or misuse of these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Geodetic Survey (NGS)
Contact_Position: Chief, Information Services Branch
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1315 East West Highway, N/NGS12
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-2692
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4176
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info_center@ngs.noaa.gov

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
These photographs are being presented "as is". They have undergone no processing to reduce the errors that are inherent in the photogrammetric techniques. These photographs should be assumed to have errors due to scale variation and optical distortions.
Completeness_Report:
The photographs adequately represented ground truth at the time they were obtained. These photographs have not been processed to reduce the errors inherent in the photogrammetric technique.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The primary aerial photographic product is a 9x9 inch photograph which is usually exposed at scales ranging from 1:10,000 to 1:50,000, varying slightly due to shrinkage or expansion of the paper due to atmospheric conditions, slight variations in the altitude of the plane during flying, tip and tilt of the airplane, camera optics, and the effects of ground relief.Over the years, the image resolution capabilities and spectral quality of aerial films have advanced, and so have camera systems, photogrammetric instruments, and processes. These photographs are of metric quality for mapping purposes; they overlap 60% along a strip, which allows coverage to be views in stereo and precise photogrammetric measurements to be made in order to locate features accurately.To reduce errors in measurements due to the quality of the photographs each photograph needs to be examined to see if it meets the study needs. Sixty-percent overlap between photographs allows for a seamless coverage of the study area even if photographs are removed. The most current photogrammetric processing techniques need to be used. Documenting the process used to minimize the effects due to scale variations and optical distortions allows the user of the data obtained from photographs to determine its accuracy.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The National Geodetic Survey (NGS) maintains a library of all aerial photographic film associated with surveys of the coast dating back to 1945. There are over 500,000 coastal photographs in the library, and about 15,000 new photographs are acquired every year. Photography cycles vary depending on the survey requirements and the amount of change caused by cultural or natural forces. Over 1/3 of the U.S. shoreline has never been surveyed by photogrammetric methods. New and recurring photographic surveys are conducted yearly.Photography is acquired when weather conditions, sun angle, and, when applicable, water levels are optimal to ensure that photographs will be suitable for a variety of purposes using standard photogrammetric techniques.Of the 500,000 coastal aerial photographs in the NGS library approximately 17,000 have been scanned and are available online through the NOS Data Explorer (<http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/dataexplorer/welcome.html>) for viewing. The images are rotated to the closest 90 degrees to true north of the compass heading of the aircraft at the time of photography. The images are then scanned directly from the negative at 100 dpi.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Geodetic Survey (NGS)
Contact_Position: Chief, Information Services Branch
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 1315 East West Highway, N/NGS12
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-2962
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4176
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info_center@ngs.noaa.gov

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Geodetic Survey (NGS)
Contact_Position: Chief, Information Services Branch
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 1315 East West Highway, N/NGS12
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-2962
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4176
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info_center@ngs.noaa.gov
Resource_Description: Static Map Images
Distribution_Liability:
Orders are usually filled within 30 days. Photo reproductions (prints, film positives, and negatives) are custom processed and cannot be returned for credit or refund. This includes customer-misordered reproductions.
Standard_Order_Process:
Non-digital_Form: Aerial photographs
Fees:
Varying fees depending on type and size print. No discount is offered for quantity purchases. Prices are available at <http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/PC_PROD/Catalog/aerial_photos.htmThe> photograph order includes the first 15 minutes of research to locate the image. Additional research time costs $46 per hour, or any part of an hour.
Ordering_Instructions:
Please describe the area of interest by latitude and longitude, a detailed description or sketch, or by the photograph number.
Turnaround: 30 days
Custom_Order_Process:
Digital copies of photographs can be scanned at varying resolutions (100 dpi to 1200 dpi) and burned onto a CD or DVD.Digital Imagery (Black & White) - 6 exposures to 645 exposures per CD depending on scanned resolution.Digital Imagery (Color) - 2 exposures to 215 per CD exposures depending on scanned resolution.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121220
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120111
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Geodetic Survey (NGS)
Contact_Position: Chief, Information Services Branch
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 1315 East West Highway, N/NGS12
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-2692
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4176
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info_center@ngs.noaa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: Local Time
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>



CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20081113040819
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 19450101
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 99991231
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/noscoastphotorevised.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 88

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