Estimated Depth Maps of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Derived from High Resolution IKONOS Satellite Imagery (Draft)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Remote Sensing Team
Publication_Date: 20021231
Title:
Estimated Depth Maps of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Derived from High Resolution IKONOS Satellite Imagery (Draft)
Edition: 1
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Silver Spring, MD
Publisher:
NOAA's Ocean Service, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS)
Online_Linkage: <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/ecosystems/coralreef/nwhi/>
Description:
Abstract:
Estimated shallow-water, depth maps were produced using rule-based, semi-automated image analysis of high-resolution satellite imagery for nine locations in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. This project is a cooperative effort between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, State of Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to produce benthic habitat maps and georeferenced imagery for the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. This project was conducted in support of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force.
Purpose:
This project was conducted in support of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force <http://coralreef.gov>
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2000
Ending_Date: 2001
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: none planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -179.00
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -160.00
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.00
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 22.00
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Geographic Information > Bathymetry
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Bathymetry
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: estimated depth
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: elevation
Theme_Keyword: 006
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Kure Atoll (28N178W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Midway Atoll (28N177W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Gardner Pinnacles (25N168W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Gardner Pinnacles (25N168W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Pearl and Hermes Reef (27N176W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Lisianski Island (25N173W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Laysan Island (25N171W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Maro Reef (25N170W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > French Frigate Shoals (24N166W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Necker Island (23N164W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Necker Island (23N164W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Northwestern Hawaiian Islands > Nihoa (23N161W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Nihoa (23N161W0001)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: NWHI
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Place_Keyword: Kure Atoll
Place_Keyword: Midway Atoll
Place_Keyword: Gardner Pinnacles
Place_Keyword: Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Place_Keyword: Lisianski Island
Place_Keyword: Laysan Island
Place_Keyword: Maro Reef
Place_Keyword: French Frigate Shoals
Place_Keyword: Necker Island
Place_Keyword: Nihoa Island
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
These maps are NOT to be used for navigation. These estimated depth maps of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands have been reviewed by numerous decision makes and scientists familiar with the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands region. Although they represent the best available characterizations of the shallow-water ecosystems of this regions the maps should be considered DRAFT versions.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Remote Sensing Team
Contact_Position: Remote Sensing Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, N/SP
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: Maryland
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Richard.Stumpf@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday to Friday, 0800 -1700, EST
Data_Set_Credit: NOAA, University of Hawaii, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Once maps were positioned, validation was performed by comparison to independently-acquired, trackline LIDAR data from Kure Atoll, Midway Atoll, and Pearl and Hermes Atoll. Validation also was performed by comparison to NOS nautical charts. The draft estimated depth maps were reviewed by scientists in Hawaii who have first-hand local knowledge of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Comments were received and incorporated into draft maps. The absolute accuracy of estimated depth varies with water depth. The error is generally 0.3 meters for water less than 1 meter deep, + or - 15 percent in water up to 15 meters deep, and + or - 30 percent in water greater than 15 meters deep.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Multispectral satellite imagery was positioned using National Geodetic Survey ground control data for Kure Atoll, Midway Atoll, Pearl and Hermes Atoll, Lisianski Island, Laysan Island, French Frigate Shoals, and Nihoa Island. Satellite imagery of Necker Island was positioned using satellite ephemeris data. Satellite imagery of Maro Reef was positioned using a combination of satellite ephemeris data and supplemental depth transect data.
Completeness_Report:
High-resolution satellite imagery was analyzed to produce estimated depth maps of the North Western Hawaiian Islands. Estimated depth can be determined from imagery for clear water to between 20 m and 35 m, depending on the bottom type and absolute water clarity. Because the water surrounding Gardner Pinnacles is too deep, no estimated depth was generated there. No satellite imagery was available for Gambia Shoal.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Spatial data meets or exceeds national map accuracy standards for fixed features. Kure Atoll, Midway Atoll, Pearl and Hermes Atoll, Lisianski Island, Laysan Island, French Frigate Shoals, and Nihoa Island are positioned to within five (5) meters at sea level. Necker Island is positioned to within 15 meters at sea level. Maro Reef is positioned to within eight (8) meters at sea level.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report: none reported
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Space Imaging
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
IKONOS Panchromatic and Multispectral Imagery for the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Edition: 1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Thornton, CO
Publisher: Space Imaging
Other_Citation_Details:
Acquisition_Date: Gardner Pinnacles (2 swaths; 20001014) Acquisition_Date: Kure Atoll (2 swaths; first acquisition; 20001120) Acquisition_Date: Kure Atoll (2 swaths; second acquisition; 20010926) Acquisition_Date: Laysan Island (swaths 1 and 3; 20010124) Acquisition_Date: Laysan Island (swath 2; 20010215) Acquisition_Date: French Frigate Shoals (first acquisition; 4 swaths; 20001011) Acquisition_Date: French Frigate Shoals (second acquisition; swaths 1, 2, and 3; 20010911) Acquisition_Date: French Frigate Shoals (second acquisition; swath 4; 20010919) Acquisition_Date: Midway Atoll (swath 1; 20010122) Acquisition_Date: Midway Atoll (swath 2; 20010318) Acquisition_Date: Lisianski Island (3 swaths; 20001012) Acquisition_Date: Nihoa (swath 1; 20010109) Acquisition_Date: Nihoa (swath 2; 20010120) Acquisition_Date: Nihoa (swath 3; 20010418) Acquisition_Date: Pearl and Hermes Atoll (3 swaths; 20010119) Acquisition_Date: Maro Reef (3 swaths; 20010724) Acquisition_Date: Necker Island (2 swaths; 20010126)
Type_of_Source_Media: IKONOS high-resolution satellite imagery
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2000
Ending_Date: 2001
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NOAA/NOS/benthic characterization data
Source_Contribution:
High resolution satellite imagery was analyzed to produce estimated depth maps of the Northwestern Hawaiian Island
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Estimated depth was produced using a band-ratio procedure (see Stumpf et al., Limnology and Oceanography, 2003). The procedure uses two multispectral bands and requires very little tuning. Using this method, estimated depth can be determined in clear water to between 20- 35 meters, depending on the bottom type and water clarity. Estimated depth (estimated water depths in feet) were assigned either a range of numeric values or a single numeric value representative of (but not equal to) depth. These individual numeric values or ranges of numeric values were used to apply a ramped RGB color palette. Because the environment in the NWHI is very complex, two profiles of estimated depth were generated. The "shallow-water" RGB depth profile was applied to Kure Atoll, Midway Atoll, Pearl and Hermes Atoll, and French Frigate Shoals. The "deep-water" RGB depth profile was applied to Lisianski Island, Laysan Island, Maro Reef, Necker Island, and Nihoa Island. Because the water surrounding Gardner Pinnacles is too deep, no estimated depth was generated there.
Process_Date: 2001
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Remote Sensing Team
Contact_Position: Remote Sensing Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, N/SP
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: Maryland
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Richard.Stumpf@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday to Friday, 0800 -1700, EST

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 1
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -177
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 0.0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 4
Ordinate_Resolution: 4
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 2
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -171
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 0.0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 4
Ordinate_Resolution: 4
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 3
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -165
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 0.0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 4
Ordinate_Resolution: 4
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 4
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -159
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 0.0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 4
Ordinate_Resolution: 4
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80, WGS84
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.25

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: min_depth
Entity_Type_Definition: The minimum depth (in feet) in this depth range.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: NOS - Remote Sensing Team
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: max_depth
Entity_Type_Definition: The maximum depth (in feet) in this depth range.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: NOS - Remote Sensing Team
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Red_color_value
Entity_Type_Definition:
A numeric value ranging from 0-255 assigned to the red channel of the RGB color palette.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: NOS - Remote Sensing Team
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Green_color_value
Entity_Type_Definition:
A numeric value ranging from 0-255 assigned to the green channel of the RGB color palette.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: NOS - Remote Sensing Team
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Blue_color_value
Entity_Type_Definition:
A numeric value ranging from 0-255 assigned to the blue channel of the RGB color palette
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: NOS - Remote Sensing Team
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Estimated depth (estimated water depths in feet) were assigned either a range of numeric values or a single numeric value representative of (but not equal to) depth. These individual numeric values or ranges of numeric values were used to apply a ramped RGB color palette. Because the environment in the NWHI is very complex, two profiles of estimated depth were generated.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Deep-water locations (Lisianski Island, Laysan Island, Maro Reef, Necker Island, and Nihoa Island).

RESULTS = min_depth,max_depth,red_color_value,green_color_value,blue_color_value

_,0,255,255,255 1,2,243,251,255 3,4,227,244,255 5,6,211,238,255 7,8,195,231,255 9,10,179,225,255 11,12,162,219,255 13,14,146,212,255 15,16,130,206,255 17,18,118,201,255 _,19,102,195,255 20,21,85,188,255 22,23,69,182,255 24,25,53,175,255 26,27,37,169,255 28,29,21,162,255 30,31,5,156,255 32,33,0,151,255 34,35,0,145,252 36,37,0,138,246 _,38,0,132,241 39,40,0,126,236 41,42,0,119,230 43,44,0,113,225 45,46,0,106,219 47,48,0,102,215 49,50,0,95,210 51,52,0,89,204 53,54,0,82,199 _,55,0,76,193 56,57,0,69,188 58,59,0,63,183 60,61,0,57,177 62,63,0,50,172 64,65,0,45,168 66,67,0,39,162 68,69,0,33,157 70,71,0,26,151 72,73,0,20,146 _,74,0,13,141 75,76,0,7,135 77,78,0,0,130 79,80,0,0,126 81,82,0,0,120 83,84,0,0,115 85,92,0,0,109 93,99,0,0,100 100,109,0,0,100 110,111,0,0,95 112,116,0,0,95 117,127,0,0,90 128,138,0,0,90 139,143,0,0,90 144,200,0,0,90 201,240,0,0,0 241,241,40,0,100 242,249,0,0,0 _,250,167,133,119 251,255,0,0,0

Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Shallow-water locations (Kure Atoll, Midway Atoll, Pearl and Hermes Atoll, and French Frigate Shoals).

RESULTS = min_depth,max_depth,red_color_value,green_color_value,blue_color_value

_,0,255,255,255 _,1,243,251,255 _,2,227,244,255 _,3,211,238,255 _,4,195,231,255 _,5,179,225,255 _,6,162,219,255 _,7,146,212,255 _,8,130,206,255 _,9,118,201,255 _,10,102,195,255 _,11,85,188,255 _,12,69,182,255 _,13,53,175,255 _,14,37,169,255 _,15,21,162,255 _,16,5,156,255 _,17,0,151,255 _,18,0,145,252 _,19,0,138,246 _,20,0,132,241 _,21,0,126,236 _,22,0,119,230 _,23,0,113,225 _,24,0,106,219 _,25,0,102,215 _,26,0,95,210 _,27,0,89,204 _,28,0,82,199 _,29,0,76,193 _,30,0,69,188 _,31,0,63,183 _,32,0,57,177 _,33,0,50,172 _,34,0,45,168 _,35,0,39,162 _,36,0,33,157 _,37,0,26,151 _,38,0,20,146 _,39,0,13,141 _,40,0,7,135 _,41,0,0,130 _,42,0,0,126 _,43,0,0,120 _,44,0,0,115 45,48,0,0,109 49,52,0,0,100 53,57,0,0,92 58,62,0,0,85 63,68,0,0,80 69,75,0,0,72 76,80,0,0,65 81,85,0,0,60 86,92,0,0,55 93,200,0,0,50 201,240,0,0,0 241,241,40,0,100 242,249,0,0,0 250,167,133,119 251,255,0,0,0


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Remote Sensing Team
Contact_Position: Remote Sensing Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, N/SP
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: Maryland
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Richard.Stumpf@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday to Friday, 0800 -1700, EST
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability: Not to be used for navigation.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: geotiff
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/ecosystems/coralreef/nwhi/>
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: geotiff
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: CD-ROM
Recording_Format: ISO-9660
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20140918
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), Remote Sensing Team
Contact_Position: Remote Sensing Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1305 East West Highway, N/SP
City: Silver Spring
State_or_Province: Maryland
Postal_Code: 20910
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301-713-3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301-713-4384
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Richard.Stumpf@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: Monday to Friday, 0800 -1700, EST
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20040206091955
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20000101
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 20011231
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/nwhi_estimated_depth_maps_2002.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 430

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