Integrated hard and soft bottom seafloor substrate map of Ofu-Olosega, American Samoa, combining NOAA Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Coral Reef Ecosystem Division hard-soft substrate map with NOAA Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment Biogeography Program shallow-water benthic habitat map of American Samoa.

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Publication_Date: 20130125
Title:
Integrated hard and soft bottom seafloor substrate map of Ofu-Olosega, American Samoa, combining NOAA Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Coral Reef Ecosystem Division hard-soft substrate map with NOAA Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment Biogeography Program shallow-water benthic habitat map of American Samoa.
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: digital data
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_amsamoa_ofu_geomorph.htm>
Online_Linkage: <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc>
Description:
Abstract:
Hard and soft seafloor substrate map, derived from integrating two existing map products: hard and soft seafloor substrate map derived from an unsupervised classification of multibeam backscatter and bathymetry derivatives, produced by NOAA Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), and shallow-water benthic habitat map of American Samoa, produced by NOAA Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment Biogeography Program. Please refer to separate metadata and documentation for these two products: Substrate - hard bottom vs. soft bottom - 5 meter grid <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_amsamoa_ofu_geomorph.htm> Shallow-water benthic habitat map <http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/ecosystems/coralreef/us_pac_terr/> This data is for Ofu-Olosega Islands, Territory of American Samoa, USA.
Purpose:
The hard and soft seafloor map previously produced by NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center Coral Reef Ecosystem Division is being used to improve sampling techniques for long-term ecosystem monitoring, to guide future ground-truthing operations and to identify coral-rich and species specific environments. By combining this initial product with the shallow-water benthic habitat map produced by NOAA Biogeography Branch, a more complete hard and soft substrate map is produced, which fills in many of the gaps in shallow water.
Supplemental_Information:
The hard and soft substrate map produced by NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center Coral Reef Ecosystem Division was derived using Reson 8101 backscatter data, bathymetric variance (at 2 scales) and bathymetric rugosity. The sonar frequency is 240 kHz for the Reson 8101 multibeam data. Bathymetry and backscatter data were resampled to 5 m grid cell size prior to the classification. As limited seafloor photographs for groundtruthing were available for Ofu-Olosega at the time of production, the classification was unsupervised. However, in locations such as French Frigate Shoals, NWHI and Tutuila, American Samoa, where ground truth data were available, the unsupervised classification method has been found to be a good predictor of substrate type in similar depth ranges and seafloor environments. The shallow-water habitat map produced by NOAA Biogeography Branch was derived by digitally delineating habitat boundaries from georeferenced sonar and orthorectified IKONOS satellite imagery in ArcGIS using the NOAA Habitat Digitizing extension. A first draft map was completed, and areas identified for ground validation. At each ground validation point benthic habitat was characterized by drop camera, free diving or surface observation. A second draft map was produced incorporating the ground validation data.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2002
Ending_Date: 2010
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -169.705274
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -169.583687
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.133505
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.203385
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Habitats
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Mapping
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Mapping > Geomorphology Mapping
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Mapping > Habitat Mapping
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: 010
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Geographic Information > Habitats
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ofu (14S169W0002)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > Ofu Island > Ofu (14S169W0002)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Olosega (14S169W0016)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > Olosega Island > Olosega (14S169W0016)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: AmSam
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data are not to be used for navigation purposes. Please acknowledge the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center and the Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii as the sources of this information.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: NOAA IRC
Address: NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
Address: 1845 WASP Blvd., Building 176
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96818
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/amsamoa_images/ofu_5m_hs_int_445.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Hard and Soft Seafloor Substrate
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG, PDF
Data_Set_Credit:
PIBHMC, CRED, PIFSC, NOAA, JIMAR, NOS, NCCOS, CCMA, Biogeography Program
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: Not applicable
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description: Not applicable

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Data are collected for resource management and research purposes and are tested for internal consistency; however, no effort is made to compare these data to external references or to other published data.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
These data are believed to be logically consistent though no tests were performed
Completeness_Report: Complete
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Horizontal positioning system: GPS (SPS) Horizontal position accuracy: 25 meters
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The process description to produce the CRED hard-soft substrate map can be found in the metadata for that product: Substrate - hard bottom vs. soft bottom - 5 meter grid <ftp://ftp.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/website/data/amsamoa/benthichabitatlayers/OO_5m_hardsoft.txt> The process description to produce the Biogeography Program shallow-water benthic habitat map can be found in the metadata for that product: <http://coris.noaa.gov/geoportal/catalog/search/resource/details.page?uuid={84F0F771-EB1C-4A67-81B6-7693C977558C>} To combine the two maps, several steps had to be first taken with the Biogeography Program shallow-water benthic habitat map. First polygons were deleted that were not required for this product; the polygons covering Ta'u were deleted, leaving only Ofu-Olosega. Then polygons where the Major Reef Structure (M_STRUCT) was either 'Unknown' or 'Other Delineations' were deleted, leaving only polygons where M_STRUCT was 'Coral Reef and Hardbottom' or 'Unconsolidated Sediment.' The polygon shapefile was then converted into an ArcGIS Raster, using the ArcGIS tool, 'Polygon To Raster.'The raster values were checked to ensure that the same value was equivalent to hard substrate as in the CRED hard-soft map, where 'Coral Reef and Hardbottom' was classed as 'hard' and 'Unconsolidated Sediment' was classed as 'soft'. Prior to the combing the maps, a low-pass filter was run over the CRED hard-soft substrate map using the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst Tool, Filter. To combine the two maps, the two raster layers were mosaiced, using the ArcGIS tool, 'Mosaic To New Raster.' Due to a wide area of overlap between the two datasets, it was necessary to make a decision on how to treat the two datasets in these areas. As the two datasets were produced from different methods, and from different underlying data (multibeam bathymetry versus satellite imagery) there were naturally discrepancies between the two datasets, particularly obvious along the reef edge north of Ofu-Olosega. Below the reef slope which runs along the island, the NOAA Biogeography Branch habitat map shows soft substrate, following along the contour of the base of the reef slope. In contrast the CRED hard-soft substrate map shows predominantly hard substrate with soft substrate in patches. Examination of three towed-camera sled dives, collected during cruise SB1216 in November 2012, showed that in two locations the CRED hard-soft substrate map provided a better representation of the surface substrate, whereas in the third, the Biogeography Branch habitat map provided a better representation while the CRED hard-soft substrate map under-represented soft substrate in this area. A pragmatic decision was taken to mosaic the two datasets using the 'FIRST' method of the ArcToolbox Tool 'Mosaic to new raster' where the CRED hard-soft substrate map was the 'first' raster in the mosaic. This meant that where there was overlap between the two datasets, the CRED hard-soft substrate map was used, and the NOAA Biogeography Branch habitat map was used to fill in gaps. However, even using this method, artifacts in the data remain, notably, along the boundary between the two datasets north west of Olosega. It should also be borne in mind that in some areas the CRED hard-soft map may under-represent soft sediment at the surface, particularly if there is rocky substrate underlying the soft sediment.
Process_Date: 20121205

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell
Row_Count: 1532
Column_Count: 2915
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: -2
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -171
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 10000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 5
Ordinate_Resolution: 5
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Depth_System_Definition:
Depth_Datum_Name: mean lower low water
Depth_Resolution: 0.01
Depth_Distance_Units: meters
Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: none
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: NOAA IRC
Address: NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
Address: 1845 WASP Blvd., Building 176
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96818
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
These data are not to be used for navigational purposes. NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Arc ASCII
Format_Information_Content:
Arc ASCII can be converted to Arc Raster using ArcToolbox Conversion Tools (ASCIItoRaster).
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<ftp://ftp.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/website/data/amsamoa/benthichabitatlayers/ofu_5m_hs_int.zip>
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20140312
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: NOAA IRC
Address: NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
Address: 1845 WASP Blvd., Building 176
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96818
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: universal time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None

CoRIS:
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/ofu_5m_hs_int.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 6622

Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Fri Jul 25 10:40:58 2014