Mosaic of gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Palmyra Atoll, Pacific Remote Island Area, USA

Metadata also available as [Questions & Answers] - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Gaia Geo-Analytical in collaboration with Davey Jones Locker GIS Laboratory, Oregon State Universtiy for Coral Reef Ecosystem Division, NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center
Publication_Date: 20090618
Title:
Mosaic of gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Palmyra Atoll, Pacific Remote Island Area, USA
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Online_Linkage: <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_pria_pal_bathy.htm>
Description:
Abstract:
Gridded multibeam bathymetry is integrated with bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite data. Gridded (5 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Bathymetry values shallower than 25 m were derived by gauging the relative attenuation of blue and green spectral radiance as a function of depth. A multiple linear regression analysis of linearized blue and green band spectral values against depth determined the variables of y-intercept, blue slope and green slope values. Variables then used in multivariate slope intercept formula to derive depth. Variables were adjusted to improve the statistical accuracy and spatial coverage of the final derived bathymetry product. Digital image processing to derive depths conducted with the ENVI 4.5 software program while data editing and integration was performed using ArcGIS 9.3. This dataset is for the shelf environment of Palmyra Atoll, Pacific Remote Island Area, USA
Purpose:
The data were derived in support of NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program goals. Goal 1 is to map all U.S. Coral Reef Ecosystems. This data set specifically addresses Objective 1 and 4: to develop high-resolution benthic maps and to characterize priority deep water reefs and associated habitats. This integration of derived bathymetry with multibeam sonar data provides a GIS layer with expanded spatial coverage that may be used for benthic and essential fish habitat characterization, and for the study of geologic features. By combining the dataset with other bathymetry, backscatter, derivatives, and in situ data, they collectively compose benthic habitat maps designed to be used to understand and predict shallow depth (0m to 150m) benthic habitats for organisms that inhabit coral reef ecosystems.
Supplemental_Information:
Gridded multibeam data were collected aboard the Hi'ialakai, a 218' United States National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) research ship, and aboard the R/V AHI (Acoustic Habitat Investigator), a 25' survey launch owned and operated by the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center in Honolulu, HI. The metadata for the bathymetry is documented in the product metadata, Palmyra_5m.asc.txt <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_pria_pal.htm> Original IKONOS imagery was purchased to support the Pacific Islands Geographic Information System (GIS) project and National Ocean Service's (NOS) coral mapping activities. Orthographically corrected IKONOS Imagery was provided by NOAA's National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment. The metadata for this IKONOS imagery is documented in the original product metadata, po_86356_metadata.txt (<http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/>)
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20011215
Ending_Date: 20060328
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -162.177002
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -161.995141
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 5.903546
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 5.855663
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Bathymetry
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Water Depth
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Remote Sensing > Satellite (digital scans) > IKONOS
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: elevation
Theme_Keyword: 006
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Geographic Information > Bathymetry
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Slope
Theme_Keyword: Bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: Multibeam sonar
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Palmyra Atoll
Place_Keyword: Pacific Remote Island Area
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: PRIA
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data are not to be used for navigation purposes. Please acknowledge NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, the Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research (JIMAR) University of Hawaii and Davey Jones Locker GIS Laboratory Oregon State University as the sources of this information.
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/PRIAs_images/pal_bathymetry_mb&IKONOS_445.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Gridded Bathymetry
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: jpeg
Data_Set_Credit:
NOAA PIFSC CRED, the Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center and Davey Jones Locker GIS Laboratory Oregon State University
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: Not applicable
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description: Not applicable
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
ArcGIS ASCII file or ArcGIS Grid file, bathymetry derived from 4x4m multispectral satellite imagery (IKONOS) using ENVI 4.5, multibeam and derived bathymetry were integrated using ArcGIS 9.3

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Data are collected for resource management and research purposes and are tested for internal consistency; however, no effort is made to compare these data to external references or to other published data.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
These data are believed to be logically consistent though no tests were performed
Completeness_Report: Complete
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Horizontal positioning system: GPS C/A Horizontal position accuracy: 25 meters
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Range resolution of sonar: varies with depth Raw sounding resolution: varies with depth Vertical accuracy of gridded sonar product: ~ 1% of water depth Vertical accuracy of derived bathymetry product: 5 meter range
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Multiple tools in ENVI 4.5 were used to complete the following processing steps: Data conversion from digital number to radiance, correction for atmosphere and water surface reflection, linearization of spectral decay as function of depth, masking of non-applicable values, and bathymetric derivation using variables from multiple linear regression analysis. Multiple tools in ArcGIS 9.3 were used for dataset integration and to extract values for the multiple linear regression analysis and subsequent error analyses. The statisitcs program S-Plus was used for the multiple linear regression analysis to provide original variables for depth derivation. The multivariate slope intercept formula used to derive depth was Depth=Yint+(Mblue)(Xblue)+(Mgreen)(Xgreen). Due to drastically different water qualities between interior and exterior area of the atoll, two images were split into regions representing areas inside and outside of the atoll. Effectively creating four images that were analyzed seperately. Forty two derived products, nineteen from the image opo_86356_msi_0000000 (Pal35600in: fourteen products, Pal35600out: six products) and Twenty-three from the image opo_86356_msi_0010000 (Pal35601in: fifteen products, Pal35601out: eight products) were integrated to expand spatial coverage. The original MLR variables for Pal35600in were Yint=7.5076, Mblue=-6.0909, and Mgreen=18.8197. The product derived from these variables (Pal35600in_DB) was mosaiced with thirteen additional products derived using increasingly reduced Y-intercept values as follows: Yint=6.5076 (Pal35600in_DB1), Yint=5.5076 (Pal35600in_DB2), Yint=4.5076 (Pal35600in_DB3), Yint=3.5076 (Pal35600in_DB4), Yint=2.5076 (Pal35600in_DB5), Yint=1.5076 (Pal35600in_DB6), Yint=0.5076 (Pal35600in_DB7), Yint=-1.5076 (Pal35600in_DB8), Yint=-2.5076 (Pal35600in_DB9), Yint=-3.5076 (Pal35600in_DB10), Yint=-4.5076 (Pal35600in_DB11), Yint=-5.5076 (Pal35600in_DB12), Yint=-6.5076 (Pal35600in_DB13) and Yint=-7.5076 (Pal35600in_DB14). This was done to increase coverage in shallow areas. More information on this integration process is provided in the product error analysis, availble from PIBHMC upon request. The original MLR variables for Pal35600out were Yint=23.5804, Mblue=-1.5047, and Mgreen=16.1530. The product derived from these variables (Pal35600out_DB) was mosaiced with five additional products derived using increasingly reduced Y-intercept values as follows: Yint=19.5804 (Pal35600out_DB4), Yint=15.5804 (Pal35600out_DB8), Yint=11.5804 (Pal35600out_DB12), Yint=7.5804 (Pal35600out_DB16) and Yint=3.5804 (Pal35600out_DB20). This was done to increase coverage in shallow areas. More information on this integration process is provided in the product error analysis, availble from PIBHMC upon request. The original MLR variables for Pal35601in were Yint=9.1819, Mblue=-7.8389, and Mgreen=23.5717. The product derived from these variables (Pal35601in_DB) was mosaiced with fourteen additional products derived using increasingly reduced Y-intercept values as follows: Yint=8.1819 (Pal35601in_DB1), Yint=7.1819 (Pal35601in_DB2), Yint=6.1819 (Pal35601in_DB3), Yint=5.1819 (Pal35601in_DB4), Yint=4.1819 (Pal35601in_DB5), Yint=3.1819 (Pal35601in_DB6), Yint=2.1819 (Pal35601in_DB7), Yint=1.1819 (Pal35601in_DB8), Yint=0.1819 (Pal35601in_DB9), Yint=-1.1819 (Pal35601in_DB10), Yint=-2.1819 (Pal35601in_DB11), Yint=-3.1819 (Pal35601in_DB12), Yint=-4.1819 (Pal35601in_DB13), Yint=-5.1819 (Pal35601in_DB14) and Yint=-6.1819 (Pal35601in_DB15). This was done to increase coverage in shallow areas. More information on this integration process is provided in the product error analysis, availble from PIBHMC upon request. The original MLR variables for Pal35601out were Yint=30.4352, Mblue=-7.2710, and Mgreen=27.6316. The product derived from these variables (Pal35601out_DB) was mosaiced with seven additional products derived using increasingly reduced Y-intercept values as follows: Yint=26.4352 (Pal35601out_DB4), Yint=22.4352 (Pal35601out_DB8), Yint=18.4352 (Pal35601out_DB12), Yint=14.4352 (Pal35601out_DB16), Yint=10.4352 (Pal35601out_DB20), Yint=6.4352 (Pal35601out_DB24) and Yint=2.4352 (Pal35601out_DB28). The derived bathymetry from each image were in turn mosaiced blending the the concurrent data from image Pal35600out and Pal35601out to minimize seams in the area of overlap. Data from this combined grid was prioritized of that from Pal35600in and data from Pal35601in received the lowest priority. Data with better statistical accuracy was given higher "priority" so that they replaced concurrent data with lowere accuracy during the mosaic process. This mosaiced derived bathymetry product (Pal_DBall) was then resampled to a 5 meter grid and integrated with the multibeam sonar data, with sonar data prioritized over derived data, to create the final product (Pal_DBMB). A detailed description of all processing steps is available at: <http://oregonstate.edu/~hogrefek/Cookbook/Cookbook_042108.pdf> An error analysis of each derived bathymetry grid used is available upon request.
Process_Date: 20090617

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell
Row_Count: 1039
Column_Count: 4026
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 3
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -165.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: Row and Column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 5.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 5.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA PIFSC CRED PIBHMC and DJLab OSU
Contact_Person: Kyle Hogrefe
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 104 Wilkinson Hall, Oregon State University
City: Corvallis
State_or_Province: Oregon
Postal_Code: 97331
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 541-740-8444
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hogrefek@geo.oregonstate.edu
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
These data are not to be used for navigational purposes. NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Arc Grid
Format_Information_Content:
Arc Grid can be opened directly using ArcMap or ArcCatalog.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_pria_pal_bathy.htm>
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20140312
Metadata_Review_Date: 20091222
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Kyle Hogrefe
Contact_Organization: NOAA PIFSC CRED PIBHMC and DJLab OSU
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 104 Wilkinson Hall, Oregon State University
City: Corvallis
State_or_Province: Oregon
Postal_Code: 97331
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 541-740-8444
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hogrefek@geo.oregonstate.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: Universal Time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20091222055120
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20011215
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 20060328
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/pal_dbmb_metadata.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 4377

Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Wed Sep 17 10:42:21 2014