Aqaba Core 19, Jordan Isotope (delta 18O, delta 13C) Data for 1788 to 1992

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Georg A. Heiss
Publication_Date: 199508
Title:
Aqaba Core 19, Jordan Isotope (delta 18O, delta 13C) Data for 1788 to 1992
Series_Information:
Series_Name: World Data Center for Paleoclimatology Data Contribution Series
Issue_Identification: 1995-014
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boulder
Publisher: World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder
Description:
Abstract:
Site: Aqaba, Jordan, Marine Science Station Reef, cores C18 and C19 (29ó 26' N, 34ó 58' E) Water Depth 1m. collected 11/01/92 (upper 0-120cm), 11/01/93 (120-320cm) Coral species: Porites sp. In fall 1992 and spring 1993 we drilled an unusual big colony of Porites sp. at the fore-reef at Aqaba. The colony is situated in front of the reef edge of the fringing reef south of the Marine Science Station. The colony grows from a depth of ca 4.5 m, reaches a height of 3.5 m and a maximum diameter of approximately 5.5 m. We drilled with a hand held pneumatic drill powered by compressed air from a Scuba tank. We used a conventional 30cm diamond-tipped drill bit and in order to obtain longer cores we constructed extensions of 100cm each (3 in total). The extensions are made from a 17mm diameter steel rod with a screw thread attached either to the core barrel or another extension. Up to 320 cm long cores in 30cm lengths with 100% recovery were obtained. The core holes were filled with cement plugs after drilling to prevent bioerosion (see Hudson 1981; Winter et al. 1991) . The cores were drilled parallel to the growth axis (perpendicular to the coral surface). Five cores were extracted from the "big" Porites sp. at different sides of the colony. Three cores (19, 20, 21) are of 130 cm length, core 24 (lying SE-side of the colony at an angle of 45ó) reached 229 cm length, and core 18 (top of the colony) recovered coral skeleton to a total length of 312 cm. For oxygen and carbon isotope analysis core 18 (top of colony) and core 19 (horizontal core from the southern side) were selected. Samples for isotopic analyses were treated with 35% hydrogen peroxide for 24 hours to remove oxidizable organic material. In addition they were rinsed several times in demineralized water and dried in a stove at 40óC. Small samples to determine the average isotope composition of each year were cut with a hand held saw. They were taken along the edge of the coral slabs. The top of LD-bands was chosen as the end (respectively beginn ing) of an annual band. In all our samples this boundary is sharp and can be determined relatively precisely. Each chip was gently powdered in an agate mortar. The samples were reacted with 100% H3PO4 at 75óC in an online, automated carbonate reaction device (Kiel Device) connected to a Finnigan Mat 252 mass spectrometer. Isotopic ratios were corrected for 17-O contribution (Craig 1957) and are reported in permil relative to PDB. Average precision based on duplicate sample analysis and on multiple analysis of NBS 19 is ó0.04 permil for d13C and ó0.08 permil for d18O.
Purpose: Paleoclimatic Research
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1788
Ending_Date: 1992
Currentness_Reference: Publication Date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None Planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.97
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.97
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.43
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 29.43
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Paleoclimate > Coral Records > Delta 18O
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Paleoclimate > Coral Records > Delta 13C
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Paleoclimatology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
Theme_Keyword: 004
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Indian Ocean > Red Sea > Aqaba > Aqaba (29N035E0001)
Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Jordan > Aqaba > Aqaba (29N035E0001)
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Temporal Thesaurus
Temporal_Keyword: Holocene, Modern
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: Please cite original reference when using this data.
Data_Set_Credit:
Heiss, G. A., 1994. Coral reefs in the Red Sea: Growth, production and stable isotopes, GEOMAR Report 32: 1-141.

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: coral variable
Entity_Type_Definition: coral variable
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: coral variable
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: del13C
Attribute_Definition: delta 13C (per mil)
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Craig, H., 1957. Isotopic standards for mass spectrometric analysis of carbon dioxide. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 12:113-140; Fairbanks, R.G., and R.E. Dodge, Annual periodicity of the O-18/O-16 and C-13/C-12 ratios in the coral Montastrea annularis, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 43, 1979.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: unknown
Range_Domain_Maximum: unknown
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: per mil
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.01
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: del18O
Attribute_Definition: delta 18O (per mil) relative to PDB
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Craig, H., 1957. Isotopic standards for mass spectrometric analysis of carbon dioxide. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 12:113-140
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: unknown
Range_Domain_Maximum: unknown
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: per mil
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 0.01

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Paleoclimatology Program
Contact_Position: Data Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: 325 Broadway, Code E/CC23
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: Colorado
Postal_Code: 80305-3328
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (303) 497-6280
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: (303) 497-6958
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (303) 497-6513
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: paleo@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 9-5 MST Monday-Friday
Resource_Description: Other Documents
Distribution_Liability:
Disclaimer- While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/coral/red_sea/aqaba_19_1995.txt>
Access_Instructions:
Data can be obtained from <http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo> and via anonymous ftp to ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov. Diskette and paper copies may be obtained by mail.
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: Diskette
Recording_Format: cpio
Fees:
On-line data are available free of charge, other forms are available for the cost of reproduction
Ordering_Instructions: Contact the data center to order paper copies of the data.
Turnaround: 4 days

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110331
Metadata_Review_Date: 20110331
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: NOAA Paleoclimatology Program
Contact_Position: Data Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: 325 Broadway, Code E/CC23
City: Boulder
State_or_Province: Colorado
Postal_Code: 80305-3328
Country: U.S.A.
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (303) 497-6280
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: (303) 497-6958
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (303) 497-6513
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: paleo@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service: 9-5 MST Monday-Friday
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: No Constraints
Metadata_Use_Constraints: No Constraints

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20020325082704
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 17880101
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 19921231
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/paleoclimatology_aqaba_19_1995.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 6

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