Habitat characterization of the Tortugas Ecological Reserve south using photographic and quadrat methods.

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Department of Commerce(DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA), National Marine Fisheries Service(NMFS), Southeast Fisheries Science Center(SEFSC)
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title:
Habitat characterization of the Tortugas Ecological Reserve south using photographic and quadrat methods.
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Beaufort, NC
Publisher:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA), National Marine Fisheries Service(NMFS), Southeast Fisheries Science Center(SEFSC), Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research (CCFHR)
Online_Linkage: <http://www.ccfhr.noaa.gov/>
Description:
Abstract:
We supply habitat characterization data along a single randomly oriented transect at each of 16 sampling stations in the Tortugas South Ecological Reserve. This information is collected from multiple stations on an intermittent or biennial basis.
Purpose:
Collection of habitat type data for the characterization of habitat within marine protected areas and spawning aggregation sites in the Tortugas Ecological Reserves
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2007
Ending_Date: Present
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Annually
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -83.15
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -82.95
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.7
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.4833
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: 014
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Habitats
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Hard Coral Cover
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > OctoCoral Cover
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat > Description
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Marine Protected Areas
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Florida > Monroe County > Dry Tortugas (24N082W0001)
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > North Atlantic Ocean > Florida Reef Tract > Dry Tortugas > Dry Tortugas (24N082W0001)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: Florida
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Michael Burton
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA), National Marine Fisheries Service(NMFS), Southeast Fisheries Science Center(SEFSC), Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research (CCFHR)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 101 Piver Island Road
City: Beaufort
State_or_Province: North Carolina
Postal_Code: 28516
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 252-728-8756
Hours_of_Service: Monday-Friday 8:00am-5:00pm EST

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: Not applicable
Completeness_Report:
This data consists of habitat characterization surveys conducted in the offshore marine habitats of the Tortugas South Ecological Reserve of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary annually from 2007-2009, and again in 2011. Original station selections were made based on gross habitat characterizations made from echosounders/fathometers aboard a NOAA research vessel. Additional stations were added using knowledge and observations provided by local experienced fishermen used in the project
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Once in the field, the boat captain navigates to previously selected station locations using a GPS. On-site, divers are deployed on the exact station GPS numbers and maintain contact with each other throughout the entire dive. Upon arrival at the bottom, one diver is responsible for swimming out the 30 m transect tape along a predetermined random compass heading obtained from a data sheet.

From 2007-2009, the procedure used was photographic transects done in the following manner: As this diver swims out the tape, the second diver takes photographs of the bottom around the tape, approximately 0.5m above the seafloor, with a digital camera in an underwater housing. The photographs are taken every 5 m along the tape (i.e., at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 m. When the first diver who swims out the tape gets to the end of the 30 m distance, he lays down the tape and swims back to the photographer and stays with him/her, as called for by the diver buddy system. Once the photographic transect is finished, diver #1 reels the tape back in, taking the two divers back to their starting point. Only one photographic transect is done per station. Images were analyzed later by determining the percentage of total area that belonged to each of four functional habitat types: coral, octocoral, sponge and macroalgae.

In 2011, the procedure was changed from photographic transects to a quadrat characterization approach, completed as follows: Diver #1 swam out a 30 m transect tape as was done in previous years. Diver #2 followed behind, deploying a 0.25 m2 quadrat beside the transect tape at 0, 10, 20, and 30 m along the length of the tape. Total percent cover of abiotic substrate, defined as sand, hardbottom and rubble, was estimated within each quadrat. Biotic cover was estimated within four general functional habitat groups: coral, octocoral, sponge and macroalgae. Abiotic cover within each quadrat always totaled 100%, as the underlying substrate was quantified. Biotic cover did not necessarily total 100%, as there were often regions of uncolonized substrate. As time permitted, divers also recorded the dominant species within each quadrat to the finest taxonomic level.

The habitat is never altered in any manner by lifting or moving structure, and the photographer made every effort in the early years to include the measuring tape in the photograph, as it is an aid to estimating the amount of total area in the image. Sometimes it is necessary for the photographer to turn the tape over so that the measuring marks appear in the photograph.

On-site, no attempt to avoid structural features within a habitat such as a sand patch or large coral head should be made as these are real component of the habitats. The only instance when the transect should deviate from the designated path is to stay above 130 ft (limitations imposed by diving). The typical photographic transect should take only approximately 15 minutes regardless of habitat type, and the typical quadrat transect should take approximately 20 minutes.

Process_Date: Not complete

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal Degrees

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Logistic information - diver name, dive buddy, date, time of survey, station code, transect bearing, visibility, temperature
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: NOAA/NMFS/SEFSC/CCFHR

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Michael Burton
Contact_Organization:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA), National Marine Fisheries Service(NMFS), Southeast Fisheries Science Center(SEFSC), Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research (CCFHR)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 101 Piver Island Road
City: Beaufort
State_or_Province: North Carolina
Postal_Code: 28516
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 252-728-8756
Hours_of_Service: Monday-Friday 8:00am-5:00pm EST
Resource_Description: Offline Data
Distribution_Liability:
These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA can not assume liability for and damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121220
Metadata_Review_Date: 20120618
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Erik Ebert
Contact_Organization: Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research(CCFHR)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 101 Pivers Island Rd.
City: Beaufort
State_or_Province: North Carolina
Postal_Code: 28516
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (252)728-3595
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.ncddc.noaa.gov/metadataresource/metadata-references/files/ncddcmdprofile_v2.pdf>


CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20120618075957
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20070101
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 99991231
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/ter_habitat_metadata.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 6496

Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Thu Jul 31 10:41:37 2014