Fish Species Observed in the Hawaii Exclusive Economic Zone from the 1750s through 2003 (NODC Accession 0001486)

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Frequently anticipated questions:

What does this data set describe?

Fish Species Observed in the Hawaii Exclusive Economic Zone from the 1750s through 2003 (NODC Accession 0001486)
A list of Hawaiian fish species was created from contemporary and historical documents dating back to 1758. For each species, the name of the person who described and first named the species (according to The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature) along with the date of the description, the family, the status (indigenous, etc.), the range along the Hawaiian archipelago for the sightings, and miscellaneous notes are given. Observations were taken within the 200 nmi Hawaiian Exclusive Economic Zone. The list was taken from "A Checklist of the Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago" by B. Mundy, in press, B. P. Bishop Museum Bulletin of Zoology, Bishop Museum Press.
Entry_ID Unknown Sensor_Name none Source_Name manual Project_Campaign: National Marine Fisheries Service General Research Originating_Center NOAA/NMFS Storage_Medium WordPerfect Online_size: 727 kbytes

Resource Description: NODC Accession Number 0001486

  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Dr. Bruce Mundy, NOAA/NMFS, Unknown, Fish Species Observed in the Hawaii Exclusive Economic Zone from the 1750s through 2003 (NODC Accession 0001486): None None, Unpublished Material, Unpublished Material.

    Online Links:


  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: 178.0
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -151.0
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 31.0
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 15.0

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Ending_Date: 2003
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    The original file is HawaiianFishes.wpd. A redundant ASCII copy is placed in HawaiianFishes.txt.

    The format consists of the following records (lines) for each species: Species number = consecutive numbers assigned to each species in the order in which they are presented. Species = the species name considered valid in recent taxonomic literature. Publication dates and authorship of species names are from Eschmeyer (1998) except for the Amphioxiformes from Poss & Boschung (1996) and a few other species as noted in the text. Family = the family to which the species is assigned according to Nelson (1994). Status = the best determination available as to whether the species is endemic (found only in Hawai'i), indigenous (occurring in Hawai'i naturally but also found naturally elsewhere), successfully introduced (with a reproducing population in the region), or unsuccessfully introduced (released at one or more times but without a naturally reproducing population in the region). Southeastern and Northwestern Hawaiian records = the southeastern-northwestern extent of the species' distribution along the Hawaiian Ridge. Locations are given as islands or seamounts, on the assumption that for most species too little sampling has been done to define the ranges on a finer scale. In many instances, O'ahu is given as a limit or only location of occurrence. It should be recognized that this is an artifact of sampling. Most collecting in Hawai'i has taken place around O'ahu, including the sampling by Jordan & Evermann (1905) much of which was at the Honolulu fish market. Records from fish market sampling by Jordan & Evermann (1905) are recorded as from O'ahu even though many of the fish there may have been taken elsewhere. Many readers will know that numerous species have broader ranges in the Hawaiian Islands than are given here, but without published records this information could not be incorporated into this list. It is hoped that future publications will better document the ranges of the common fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. Notes = comments about problems with taxonomy or ranges of species that make their status in the region uncertain."

    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: none

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Dr. Bruce Mundy
    NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service
    Marine Biologist
    2570 Dole Street
    Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

    (808)983-5374 (voice)

Why was the data set created?

Compile an inventory of fish species in the Hawaiian Archipelago

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: Unknown (process 1 of 1)
    The following is modified from "A Checklist of the Fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago" by B. Mundy, in press, B. P. Bishop Museum Bulletin of Zoology, Bishop Museum Press.:

    The list was compiled almost entirely from the literature. Unpublished records based on specimens were added for a few species in NMFS collections and other unpublished records obtained from researchers elsewhere are from personal communications. The list was initially compiled by consulting major reviews of Hawaii's fish fauna: Jordan & Evermann (1905), Gilbert (1905), Gosline & Brock (1960), Struhsaker (1973a), Randall (1976a, 1980a), Tinker (1982), Springer (1982), and Humphreys et al. (1984). Information was subsequently incorporated from other major summaries of the fauna published as the list was compiled (i.e. Uchida & Uchiyama, 1986; Borets, 1986; Hoover, 1993; Randall et al., 1993a,b; Hoover, 1993, 1994, 2003; Chave & Mundy, 1994; Randall, 1996a). The primary literature was consulted for fish families included in those summaries to obtain records of other species and to confirm the occurrence and taxonomic status of species in the reviews. The checklist includes records and taxonomic changes published before March 1, 2002. The region of coverage for the list is the 200-nmi Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the Hawaiian Islands. It includes all fish species taken within a 200-nmi radius of the emergent land masses of the State of Hawai'i. Thus, it includes records from all waters within this radius from the "Big Island" of Hawai'i north past Kure Atoll. Several seamounts north of Kure Atoll, including the extensively sampled Hancock Seamounts, are included within this radius. The undersea volcano Lo'ihi south of the island of Hawai'i, is also included. The geological feature extending from Lo'ihi Seamount through the Hancock Seamounts is the "Hawaiian Ridge". Colahan Seamount is the northernmost feature of the Hawaiian Ridge, but it is outside of the 200-nmi EEZ. The nomenclature and locations of the Emperor Seamounts were taken from Clague et al. (1980). The nomenclature and locations of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands and adjacent undersea features of the Hawaiian Ridge were taken from Uchida & Uchiyama (1986). Higher taxa in this list, through the subfamily or tribe level, are arranged following the format of Nelson (1994) except where noted. Spellings of these taxa may differ from Nelson (1994) as suggested by other studies. Taxa at the ordinal level and lower are identified by their conventional suffixes in ichthyology: "-iformes" for order, "-oidei" for suborder, "-idae" for family, "-inae" for subfamily, and "-ini" for tribe. Genera and species are arranged alphabetically within their families, subfamilies, or tribes. Citations of species descriptions may be obtained from Eschmeyer (1998; <>) or the taxonomic references given for each species. For most references, years of publication are those given in Eschmeyer (1998).

    Person who carried out this activity:

    Dr. Bruce Mundy
    NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service
    Marine Biologist
    2570 Dole Street
    Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

    (808)983-5374 (voice)

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?


  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    see lineage, process step

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: Dataset credit required

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    NOAA/NESDIS/National Oceanographic Data Center
    Attn: Data Access Group, User Services Team
    SSMC-3 Fourth Floor
    Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282

    301-713-3277 (voice)
    301-713-3302 (FAX)

    Hours_of_Service: 8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA, NESDIS, NODC and NCDDC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.

  4. How can I download or order the data?

Who wrote the metadata?

Last modified: 24-Jan-2017
Last Reviewed: 10-Aug-2009
Metadata author:
Mr. Patrick C. Caldwell
Hawaii/US Pacific Liaison
1000 Pope Road, MSB 316
Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

(808)-956-4105 (voice)
(808) 956-2352 (FAX)

Hours_of_Service: 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays
Contact_Instructions: check if not available
Metadata standard:

Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Sun Oct 22 09:42:17 2017