Coral Reef Surveys at 21 Sites in American Samoa during 2002 (NODC Accession 0000622)

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What does this data set describe?

Coral Reef Surveys at 21 Sites in American Samoa during 2002 (NODC Accession 0000622)
Transects of the coral colonies at 21 sites in American Samoa were surveyed by Dr. Charles Birkeland during an underwater swim in March 2002. Data for each coral species include abundance and size distribution of the colonies. The living coral cover can be estimated from the size distribution data.
NOAA Supplemental: Entry_ID: Unknown Sensor_Name: SCUBA, visual census Source_Name: manual Project_Campaign: Marine Resource Survey of the American Samoa Archipelago Originating_Center: Hawaii Cooperative Fishery Research Center University of Hawaii at Manoa Storage_Medium: Excel, ASCII Online_size: 2.662 megabytes

Resource Description: NODC Accession Number 0000622

  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Birkeland, Dr. Charles , U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Hawaii Cooperative Fishery Research Center, and University of Hawaii at Manoa, Unpublished material, Coral Reef Surveys at 21 Sites in American Samoa during 2002 (NODC Accession 0000622).

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -170.78896
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -169.44486
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.161783
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.366233

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 06-Mar-2002
    Beginning_Time: 0600
    Ending_Date: 21-Mar-2002
    Ending_Time: 1700
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    NOAA/National Oceanographic Data Center
    NODC User Services Group Leader
    SSMC3 Fourth Floor
    Silver Spring, Maryland 20910-3282

    301-713-3277 (voice)
    301-713-3302 (FAX)

    Hours_of_Service: 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday
    Contact_Instructions: Phone/FAX/e-mail

Why was the data set created?

To check the status of the coral reef communities in American Samoa.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

    Birkeland and others, 1987 (source 1 of 3)
    Birkeland, C. E., Randall, R.H., Wass, R.C., Smith, B., and Wilkins, S., 1987, Biological Resource Assesment of the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary..

    Other_Citation_Details: NOAA Tech. Mem. Ser. NOS/MEMD 3. 232 pp.
    Type_of_Source_Media: paper
    Source_Contribution: marine sanctuary assessment

    Green and others, 1997 (source 2 of 3)
    Green, A. L. , Birkeland, C. E. , and Randall, R.H., 1997, 78 Years of Coral Reef Degradation in Pago Pago Harbor: A Quantitative Record: Proceedings, 8th International Coral Reef Symposium,Panama 2: 1883-1888.

    Type_of_Source_Media: paper
    Source_Contribution: Coral Reef Degradation

    Green and others, 1999 (source 3 of 3)
    Green, A. L. , Birkeland, C. E. , and Randall, R.H., 1999, Twenty Years of Disturbance and Change in Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary: Pacific Science Vol. 53, no. 4, pp 376-400.

    Type_of_Source_Media: paper
    Source_Contribution: Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary study

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: Unknown (process 1 of 1)
    The surveys were 10-m transects and were focused on measuring the diameter of coral colonies that were either all in or more in than out of the line 25 cm from the transect.

    Person who carried out this activity:

    Dr. Charles Birkeland
    U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Hawaii Cooperative Fishery Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa
    Marine Biologist
    Edmonton 164, University of Hawaii at Manoa
    Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

    (808)956-8350 (voice)

    Data sources used in this process:
    • Birkeland and others, 1987
    • Green and others, 1997
    • Birkeland and Randall, 1999

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?


  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    See Lineage - Process Description.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: None
NOAA and NODC would appreciate recognition as the resource from which these data were obtained in any publications and/or other representations of these data.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    NOAA/NESDIS/National Oceanographic Data Center
    Attn: Data Access Group, User Services Team
    SSMC-3 Fourth Floor
    Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282

    301-713-3277 (voice)
    301-713-3302 (FAX)

    Hours_of_Service: 8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NODC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.

  4. How can I download or order the data?

Who wrote the metadata?

Last modified: 24-Jan-2017
Last Reviewed: 15-Oct-2008
To be reviewed: 01-Aug-2006
Metadata author:
Mr. Patrick C. Caldwell
Hawaii/US Pacific Liaison
1000 Pope Road, MSB 316
Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

(808)-956-4105 (voice)
(808) 956-2352 (FAX)

Hours_of_Service: 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays
Contact_Instructions: check if not available
Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

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