Assessment of Economic Benefits and Costs of Marine Managed Areas in Hawaii 1998-2003 (NODC Accession 0001756)

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Frequently anticipated questions:

What does this data set describe?

Assessment of Economic Benefits and Costs of Marine Managed Areas in Hawaii 1998-2003 (NODC Accession 0001756)
This dataset combines the research results from a number of papers carried out under the study "Assessment of Economic Benefits and Costs of Marine Managed Areas in Hawaii". The studies included a paper on the fisheries benefits of MMAs (Friedlander and Cesar, 2004), a write-up of the recreational survey at the MMA sites (Van Beukering and Cesar, 2004), a background on the institutional/regulatory framework on MMAs in Hawaii (Cesar, 2004), a paper on the economic value and cost-benefit analysis of management options for MMAs (Van Beukering and Cesar, 2004) and a paper on the international experience of sustainable financing of MMAs (Cesar and van Beukering, 2004).

This dataset is basically a set of MS Word documents with mostly social- economic data embedded within tables. The habitat and fish data in this dataset are drawn from other datasets already in the NOAA archives, the NOAA Benthic Habitat Maps and the Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (CRAMP), respectively.

Entry_ID Unknown Sensor_Name SCUBA Source_Name manual Project_Campaign: Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative Originating_Center Cesar Environmental Economics Consulting Storage_Medium MS Word Online_size: 4239 kbytes
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Cesar, Herman, Beukering, Pieter van , and Friedlander, Alan, Unknown, Assessment of Economic Benefits and Costs of Marine Managed Areas in Hawaii 1998-2003 (NODC Accession 0001756): None None, Unpublished Material, Unpublished Material.

    Online Links:


  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -158.9
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -154.9
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 22.2
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.8

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 01-Jan-1998
    Ending_Date: 31-Dec-2004
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    The original MS Word documents are found in directory: ../../data/original/

    The raw data used in this study are in this directory within file: masterfile_Hawaii_1.sav (SPSS format)

    Redundant ASCII copies were placed in directory: ../../data/ASCII_copy

    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: none

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Coastal Ocean Program, under awards NA 160A2412

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Dr. Herman Cesar
    Cesar Environmental Economics Consulting
    Environmental Economic Consultant
    Kastanjelaan 9
    Arnhem, Netherlands 6828 GH

    31-26-4452175 (voice)

Why was the data set created?

Firstly, by illustrating the economic and societal benefits of establishing MMAs, it provides policy-makers with powerful justification for government investment in MMAs. Secondly, through analysis of the various management options for MMAs, this study can assist MMA managers in the design of feasible management plans. Thirdly, benefit estimates for ecosystem goods and services provide crucial information for stakeholder consultations. Fourthly, the questions of how to make MMAs potentially self-financing, and how to pay for enforcement are addressed. Finally, the integration of ecological and economic research methods may provide the academic community with an example on which they can build.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: Unknown (process 1 of 1)
    Methods are clearly documented within each report.

    Person who carried out this activity:

    Dr. Herman Cesar
    Cesar Environmental Economics Consulting
    Environmental Economic Consultant
    Kastanjelaan 9
    Arnhem, Netherlands 6828 GH

    31-26-4452175 (voice)

    Data sources used in this process:
    • Coyne MS, Monaco ME, Anderson M, Smith W, Jokiel P (2001) Classification scheme for benthic habitats: Main Eight Hawaiian Islands. Biogeography Program. US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service. Silver Spring, MD 16 p
    • Friedlander, A.M. and E.K. Brown. (2003). Fish Habitat Utilization Patterns and Evaluation of the Efficacy of Marine Protected Areas in Hawai'i: Integration and Evaluation of NOS Digital Benthic Habitats Maps and Reef Fish Monitoring Studies. Year one report to Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resource, Division of Aquatic Resources. Honolulu, Hawaii. 79 pages.
    • Friedlander A.M., E. K. Brown, P. L. Jokiel. W. R. Smith, and K.S. Rodgers. (2003). Effects of habitat, wave exposure, and marine protected area status on coral reef fish assemblages in the Hawaiian archipelago. Coral Reefs 22:291-305.

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?


  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    see lineage, process step

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: Dataset credit required

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/NCDDC (National Coastal Data Development Center)
    National Coastal Data Development Center, Building 1100
    Stennis Space Center, MS 39529

    866-732-2382 (voice)
    228-688-2968 (FAX)

    Hours_of_Service: 8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Other Documents

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA, NESDIS, NODC and NCDDC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.

  4. How can I download or order the data?

Who wrote the metadata?

Last modified: 24-Jan-2017
Last Reviewed: 17-Dec-2008
Metadata author:
Mr. Patrick C. Caldwell
Hawaii/US Pacific Liaison
1000 Pope Road, MSB 316
Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

(808)-956-4105 (voice)
(808) 956-2352 (FAX)

Hours_of_Service: 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays
Contact_Instructions: check if not available
Metadata standard:

Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Thu Oct 19 09:47:08 2017