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2016 annual summaries of thermal conditions related to coral bleaching for U.S. National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) jurisdictions


Description:

Author(s):
NOAA Coral Reef Watch,
Title:
2016 annual summaries of thermal conditions related to coral bleaching for U.S. National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) jurisdictions
Publication Date:
2016
Institution:
Coral Reef Watch
Type Period Note:
Tech Report
Abstract:
"During 2016, the warmest year on record globally (for a third year in a row), the third confirmed global coral bleaching event continued and intensified. Sustained anomalously high ocean temperatures continued causing widespread, documented coral bleaching in the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans. This global event began in the North Pacific Ocean in June 2014 and expanded to the South Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans in 2015. As of early 2017, it is still ongoing. The event has been associated with an extensive warm Blob in the northeastern Pacific Ocean lasting from late 2013 into 2015, a partially-formed 2014-15 El Nino, and a record-strength 2015-16 El Nino. NOAA Coral Reef Watch's (CRW) near-real-time satellite monitoring (especially via its daily global 5km satellite coral bleaching heat stress products) and modeled Four-Month Coral Bleaching Heat Stress Outlook triggered a multi-year, global-scale, in situ coral bleaching survey effort. This has led to the timely collection of global reef condition data from before, during, and after the rolling global event hit regional coral reefs sequentially and/or repeatedly. NOAA's declaration of the third global bleaching event (after the 1997-1998 and 2010 global events) stemmed from CRW's global satellite monitoring and bleaching outlook and subsequent confirmation by field observations from all three ocean basins"
Electronic Access:
Notes:
FY2016; CRCP Project ID: 915; Project Title: Coral Reef Watch: Satellite and Model-Based Products for Coral Reef Ecosystem Managers; Principal Investigator: Mark Eakin FY2016; CRCP Project ID: 743; Project Title: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (Climatic Monitoring); Principal Investigator: Justine Kimball

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