NOAA Coral Reef Watch,
2014 annual summaries of thermal conditions related to coral bleaching for U.S. National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) jurisdictions
Coral Reef Watch
Type Period Note:
"Although an El Nio did not fully develop in 2014, ocean warming events hit many major U.S. coral reef jurisdictions, both in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. In fact, 2014 is one of only a few years on record that witnessed bleaching of U.S. coral reefs on such a large spatial scale, including record-breaking events in the Hawaiian Islands and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) and bleaching in Guam and the Florida Keys. While NOAA Coral Reef Watch's (CRW) heritage, operational twice-weekly 50-km satellite coral bleaching thermal stress monitoring products continued to alert coral reef communities to the development of bleaching thermal stress, in 2014, CRW also implemented an updated version of its next-generation daily 5-km satellite coral bleaching thermal stress monitoring products. The 5-km products included sea surface temperature (SST), SST Anomaly, Coral Bleaching HotSpot, Degree Heating Week, and a 7-day maximum Bleaching Alert Area composite. They provided much higher spatial (5-km) and temporal (daily) resolutions and a revised climatology, which allowed them to monitor thermal conditions globally at or near reef scales. The 5-km products became available in May 2014, in time to monitor thermal conditions during the eventful 2014 boreal coral bleaching season, described below for the U.S. coral reef jurisdictions. (Note that the 5-km figures below utilize the new color palettes/scales developed for CRW's 5-km product images to provide improved visualization and interpretation of underlying data.)"
FY2014; CRCP Project ID: 915; Project Title: Coral Reef Watch: Satellite and Model-Based Products for Coral Reef Ecosystem Managers; Principal Investigator: Mark Eakin FY2014; CRCP Project ID: 743; Project Title: National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (Climatic Monitoring); Principal Investigator: Justine Kimball