FeedbackAboutHelpLogin
Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Department of Commerce
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
CoRIS Site Home Search BrowseSearch Tips
CoRIS Banner

.

American Samoa: coral reef monitoring interactive map and information layers primarily from 2010 surveys

Sample Map Layer - Location of 2010 CRED fish rapid ecological assessment survey sites.
Identification_Information:
Citation:
  • Citation_Information:
    • Originator: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    • Publication_Date: 20111216
    • Title: American Samoa: coral reef monitoring interactive map and information layers primarily from 2010 surveys
    • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map and spreadsheet
    • Publication_Information:
      • Publication_Place: Honolulu, HI, U.S.A
      • Publisher: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    • Online_Linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/coris/data/NOAA/nmfs/pifsc/cred/american_samoa_map/American_Samoa_CRED_monitoring_interactive_map.pdf
Description:
  • Abstract:
    • This interactive map displays American Samoa data collected by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) during the Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (RAMP) cruises. The information presented is a combination of standard CRED monitoring summary data and more specific layers generated by request from resource managers and scientists in American Samoa. The fish and benthos data were collected either by rapid ecological assessment (REA) surveys conducted during 2010, or by towed-diver surveys conducted during 2008 and 2010. The map is accompanied by the summary data used to generate the data layers (as excel attachments) and is available in the form of an interactive pdf with layers to make it usable by those without GIS access.
  • Purpose:
    • The information layers included in this interactive PDF were initially developed to augment the existing Biogeographic Characterization and Marine Protected Area (MPA) network design analysis conducted by the NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS). The NCCOS analysis and this product contribute to the Territory's overall goal to protect 20% of the territorial coral reefs as no-take MPAs to protect key coral reef species, and the layers are of particular interest to local resource managers as they are key ecosystem components that affect ecosystem processes, and therefore are essential to design the most effective MPA network.
  • Supplemental_Information:
    • Information about the original data collections from CRED's Pacific RAMP cruises to American Samoa in 2008 and 2010 can be found in the NOAA Ship Hi'ialakai's cruise reports on the PIFSC website, and in the metadata records for each survey method, island, and survey year: 
      
      Hi'ialakai, Cruise ID HA-08-02, 18 February - 19 March 2008: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/library/pubs/cruise/Hiialakai/CRHI0802-REB.pdf 
      
      Hi'ialakai, Cruise ID HA-10-01, Leg 2, 17 February - 23 March 2010: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/library/pubs/cruise/Hiialakai/CRHA1001II-KD.pdf 
      
      REA 2010 Metadata (surveys conducted 17 February - 21 March 2010: https://www.coris.noaa.gov/geoportal/rest/find/document?searchText=region%3AAmSam%20OR%20region%3A%22American%20Samoa%22%20AND%20CRED%20AND%20Rapid%20AND%20Ecological%20AND%20Assessment%20AND%20Reef%20AND%20Fish%20AND%20Survey%20AND%20American%20AND%20Samoa%20AND%202010%20NOT%20Intercept%20NOT%20Belt&start=1&max=25&f=html&dojo.preventCache=1399414232006 
      
      Towed diver 2008 and 2010 Metadata (surveys conducted 18 February - 11 March 2008, and 23 February - 20 March 2010): https://www.coris.noaa.gov/geoportal/rest/find/document?searchText=region%3AAmSam%20OR%20region%3A%22American%20Samoa%22%20AND%20CRED%20AND%20towed%20AND%20diver%20AND%20(2010%20OR%202008)%20NOT%20validation&start=1&max=25&f=html&dojo.preventCache=1399415031833 
      
      To use the interactive PDF make sure the layers view is enabled in Adobe Reader: View menu=>Show hide=>Navigation Panes=>Layers, or View menu=>Navigation Panels=>Layers (depending on your version of Adobe Reader). 
      To view a layer click the box next to the title. It is recommended that only one layer be turned on at a time. 
      The data is available as an attachment in the PDF: View menu=>Navigation Panels=>Attachments, or View menu=>Show hide=>Navigation Panes=>Attachments.
      
Time_Period_of_Content:
  • Time_Period_Information:
    • Range_of_Dates/Times:
      • Beginning_Date: 20080218
      • Ending_Date: 20100321
  • Currentness_Reference:
    Ground Condition
Status:
  • Progress: Complete
  • Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
  • Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
    • Survey sites randomly located in shallow (< 30 meters) coral reef habitats around the islands and atolls of American Samoa including Tutuila, Ofu and Olosega, Ta'u, Swains, and Rose, as well as South Bank located ~70 km south of Tutuila.
  • Bounding_Coordinates:
    • West_Bounding_Coordinate: -171.094
    • East_Bounding_Coordinate: -168.137
    • North_Bounding_Coordinate: -11.045
    • South_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.911
Keywords:
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CRCP Project
    • Theme_Keyword: AS231 Assessment of key ecosystem components to inform Marine Protected Area design around Tutuila
    • Theme_Keyword: 20763
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
    • Theme_Keyword: Marine Ecosystem
    • Theme_Keyword: Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (RAMP)
    • Theme_Keyword: Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA)
    • Theme_Keyword: Stationary Point Count (SPC) Survey
    • Theme_Keyword: Towed Diver Survey
    • Theme_Keyword: Coral Reef
    • Theme_Keyword: Reef Fish
    • Theme_Keyword: Coral Cover
    • Theme_Keyword: Coral
    • Theme_Keyword: Macroalgal Cover
    • Theme_Keyword: Coralline Algal Cover
    • Theme_Keyword: Benthic Substrate
    • Theme_Keyword: Fish Biomass
    • Theme_Keyword: Fish Species Richness
    • Theme_Keyword: Large Fish
    • Theme_Keyword: Large Coral Colony
    • Theme_Keyword: Grouper
    • Theme_Keyword: Parrotfish
    • Theme_Keyword: Surgeonfish
    • Theme_Keyword: Shark
    • Theme_Keyword: Porites
    • Theme_Keyword: Benthic Habitat
    • Theme_Keyword: HA1001
    • Theme_Keyword: HI0802
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
    • Theme_Keyword: Geographic Information > Biology
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Hard Seafloor Substrate
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Benthic biology
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Coral Cover
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Habitats
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Hard Coral Cover
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > OctoCoral Cover
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Marine Protected Areas
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish > Fish Assemblages
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Fish > Fish Census
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Benthic Habitat
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Water Column Habitat
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Dominance > Indicator Species
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Species Richness
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Algal Cover
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Calcareous Macroalgae
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Coralline Algae
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Crustose Coralline Algae
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Encrusting Macroalgae
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Fleshy Macroalgae
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Turf Algae
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Rapid assessment studies
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Reef fish census
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Reef fish census > Stationary
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Reef fish census > Random swimming
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
    • Theme_Keyword: biota
    • Theme_Keyword: 002
    • Theme_Keyword: environment
    • Theme_Keyword: 007
  • Place:
    • Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
    • Place_Keyword: American Samoa
    • Place_Keyword: Manu'a
    • Place_Keyword: Tutuila
    • Place_Keyword: Ofu
    • Place_Keyword: Olosega
    • Place_Keyword: Tau
    • Place_Keyword: Swains
    • Place_Keyword: Rose
    • Place_Keyword: South Bank
  • Place:
    • Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > American Samoa (14S170W0000)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Manu'a Islands (14S170W0038)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Tutuila Island (14S170W0016)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ofu Island (14S169W0013)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Olosega Island (14S169W0014)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Manu'a Group > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Ta'u Island (14S169W0012)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Swains Atoll (11S171W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Rose Atoll (14S168W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Rose Atoll (14S168W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > South Bank (14S170W0067)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > South Bank (14S170W0067)
Taxonomy:
  • Keywords/Taxon:
    • Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: multiple species
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: vertebrates
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Grouper
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Parrotfish
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Surgeonfish
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Shark
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Porites
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Acanthuridae
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Carcharhinidae
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Labridae
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Scaridae
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Serranidae
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Acanthurus lineatus
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Acanthurus nigricans
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Carcharhinus melanopterus
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Cheilinus undulates
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Chlorurus japanensis
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Ctenochaetus striatus
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Ginglymostomatidae
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Myripristis berndti
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Naso lituratus
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Naso unicornis
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Nebrius ferrugineus
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Sargocentron tiere
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Scarus oviceps
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Scarus rubroviolaceus
    • Taxonomic_Keywords: Triaenodon obesus
  • Taxonomic_System:
    • Classification_System/Authority:
      • Classification_System_Citation:
      • Citation_Information:
        • Originator: Appeltans W ed.
        • Originator: Bouchet P ed.
        • Originator: Boxshall GA ed.
        • Originator: De Broyer C ed.
        • Originator: de Voogd NJ ed.
        • Originator: Gordon DP ed.
        • Originator: Hoeksema BW ed.
        • Originator: Horton T ed.
        • Originator: Kennedy M ed.
        • Originator: Mees J ed.
        • Originator: Poore GCB ed.
        • Originator: Read G ed.
        • Originator: Stohr S ed.
        • Originator: Walter TC ed.
        • Originator: Costello MJ ed.
        • Publication_Date: 2012
        • Title: World Register of Marine Species
        • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
        • Other_Citation_Details: Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org on 2012-10-25
        • Online_Linkage: http://www.marinespecies.org
    • Identifier:
      • Contact_Information:
        • Contact_Organization_Primary:
          • Contact_Organization: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
        • Contact_Address:
          • Address_Type: mailing and physical address
          • Address:
            NOAA IRC
          • Address:
            NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
          • Address:
            1845 Wasp Blvd., Building 176
          • City: Honolulu
          • State_or_Province: HI
          • Postal_Code: 96818
          • Country: USA
        • Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
        • Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808 725-5429
        • Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
        • Contact Instructions:
          e-mail preferred. General contact information for the division is listed here. The specific diver who performed the classification is recorded in CRED's master database.
    • Taxonomic_Procedures:
      • See Ault et al. 2006, Ayotte et al. 2011, Richards et al. 2011, or Williams et al. 2011 for details.
  • Taxonomic_Classification:
    • Taxon_Rank_Name:
      • Kingdom
    • Taxon_Rank_Value:
    • Animalia
    • Taxonomic_Classification:
      • Taxon_Rank_Name:
        • Phylum
      • Taxon_Rank_Value:
      • Chordata
      • Taxonomic_Classification:
        • Taxon_Rank_Name:
          • Class
        • Taxon_Rank_Value:
        • Actinopterygii
        • Taxonomic_Classification:
          • Taxon_Rank_Name:
            • Order
          • Taxon_Rank_Value:
          • Beryciformes
          • Taxonomic_Classification:
            • Taxon_Rank_Name:
              • Family
            • Taxon_Rank_Value:
            • Holocentridae
            • Taxonomic_Classification:
              • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                • Genus
              • Taxon_Rank_Value:
              • Myripristis
              • Taxonomic_Classification:
                • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                  • Species
                • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                • Myripristis berndti
              • Taxonomic_Classification:
                • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                  • Genus
                • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                • Sargocentron
                • Taxonomic_Classification:
                  • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                    • Species
                  • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                  • Sargocentron tiere
            • Taxonomic_Classification:
              • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                • Order
              • Taxon_Rank_Value:
              • Perciformes
              • Taxonomic_Classification:
                • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                  • Family
                • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                • Acanthuridae
                • Taxonomic_Classification:
                  • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                    • Genus
                  • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                  • Acanthurus
                  • Taxonomic_Classification:
                    • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                      • Species
                    • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                    • Acanthurus lineatus
                    • Taxonomic_Classification:
                      • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                        • Species
                      • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                      • Acanthurus nigricans
                    • Taxonomic_Classification:
                      • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                        • Genus
                      • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                      • Ctenochaetus
                      • Taxonomic_Classification:
                        • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                          • Species
                        • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                        • Ctenochaetus striatus
                      • Taxonomic_Classification:
                        • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                          • Genus
                        • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                        • Naso
                        • Taxonomic_Classification:
                          • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                            • Species
                          • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                          • Naso lituratus
                          • Taxonomic_Classification:
                            • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                              • Species
                            • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                            • Naso unicornis
                        • Taxonomic_Classification:
                          • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                            • Family
                          • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                          • Labridae
                          • Taxonomic_Classification:
                            • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                              • Genus
                            • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                            • Cheilinus
                            • Taxonomic_Classification:
                              • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                • Species
                              • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                              • Cheilinus undulatus
                          • Taxonomic_Classification:
                            • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                              • Family
                            • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                            • Scaridae
                            • Taxonomic_Classification:
                              • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                • Genus
                              • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                              • Chlorurus
                              • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                  • Species
                                • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                • Chlorurus japanensis
                              • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                  • Genus
                                • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                • Scarus
                                • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                  • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                    • Species
                                  • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                  • Scarus oviceps
                                  • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                    • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                      • Species
                                    • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                    • Scarus rubroviolaceus
                                • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                  • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                    • Family
                                  • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                  • Serranidae
                              • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                  • Class
                                • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                • Elasmobranchii
                                • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                  • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                    • Order
                                  • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                  • Carcharhiniformes
                                  • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                    • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                      • Family
                                    • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                    • Carcharhinidae
                                    • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                      • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                        • Genus
                                      • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                      • Carcharhinus
                                      • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                        • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                          • Species
                                        • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                        • Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos
                                        • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                          • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                            • Species
                                          • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                          • Carcharhinus melanopterus
                                        • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                          • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                            • Genus
                                          • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                          • Triaenodon
                                          • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                            • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                              • Species
                                            • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                            • Triaenodon obesus
                                      • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                        • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                          • Order
                                        • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                        • Orectolobiformes
                                        • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                          • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                            • Family
                                          • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                          • Ginglymostomatidae
                                          • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                            • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                              • Genus
                                            • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                            • Nebrius
                                            • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                              • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                                • Species
                                              • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                              • Nebrius ferrugineus
                                    • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                      • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                        • Phylum
                                      • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                      • Cnidaria
                                      • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                        • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                          • Class
                                        • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                        • Anthozoa
                                        • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                          • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                            • Order
                                          • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                          • Scleractinia
                                          • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                            • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                              • Family
                                            • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                            • Poritidae
                                            • Taxonomic_Classification:
                                              • Taxon_Rank_Name:
                                                • Genus
                                              • Taxon_Rank_Value:
                                              • Porites
                                    Access_Constraints:
                                    • None
                                    Use_Constraints:
                                    • Please acknowledge the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division as the source of this information; Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
                                    Point_of_Contact:
                                    • Contact_Information:
                                      • Contact_Organization_Primary:
                                        • Contact_Organization: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
                                      • Contact_Address:
                                        • Address_Type: mailing and physical address
                                        • Address:
                                          NOAA IRC
                                        • Address:
                                          NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
                                        • Address:
                                          1845 Wasp Blvd., Building 176
                                        • City: Honolulu
                                        • State_or_Province: HI
                                        • Postal_Code: 96818
                                        • Country: USA
                                      • Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
                                      • Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808 725-5429
                                      • Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
                                      • Hours_of_Service: e-mail preferred
                                    Browse_Graphic:
                                    • Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
                                      https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/coris/data/NOAA/nmfs/pifsc/cred/american_samoa_map/American_Samoa_CRED_monitoring_interactive_map.jpg
                                    • Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Sample Map Layer - Location of 2010 CRED fish rapid ecological assessment survey sites.
                                    • Browse_Graphic_File_Type: jpeg
                                    Data_Set_Credit:
                                    • Data collection and analysis: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
                                      
                                      Funding: NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP)
                                      
                                    Security_Information:
                                    • Security_Classification_System: Not applicable
                                    • Security_Classification: Unclassified
                                    • Security_Handling_Description: Not applicable

                                    Cross_Reference:
                                    • Citation_Information:
                                      • Originator: J.S. Ault
                                      • Originator: S. G. Smith
                                      • Originator: J. A. Bohnsack
                                      • Originator: J. G. Luo
                                      • Originator: D. E. Harper
                                      • Originator: D. B. McClellan
                                      • Publication_Date: 2006
                                      • Title: Building sustainable fisheries in Florida's coral reef ecosystem: Positive signs in the Dry Tortugas 78:633-654
                                      • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
                                      • Series_Information:
                                        • Series_Name: Bulletin of Marine Science
                                        • Issue_Identification: 78:633-654

                                    Cross_Reference:
                                    • Citation_Information:
                                      • Originator: P. Ayotte
                                      • Originator: K. McCoy
                                      • Originator: I. Williams
                                      • Originator: J. Zamzow
                                      • Publication_Date: 2011
                                      • Title: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division: Standard operating procedures: Data collection for rapid ecological assessment fish surveys
                                      • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: technical report
                                      • Publication_Information:
                                        • Publication_Place: Honolulu, HI 96822-2396
                                        • Publisher: Pacific Islands Fish. Sci. Cent., Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., NOAA
                                      • Other_Citation_Details: Pacific Islands Fish. Sci. Cent. Admin. Rep. H-11-08, 24 p.

                                    Cross_Reference:
                                    • Citation_Information:
                                      • Originator: Green, A.L. ed.
                                      • Originator: Bellwood, D.R. ed,
                                      • Publication_Date: 2009
                                      • Title: Monitoring Functional Groups of Herbivorous Reef Fishes as Indicators of Coral Reef Resilience: A practical guide for coral reef managers in the Asia Pacific Region
                                      • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: technical report
                                      • Series_Information:
                                        • Series_Name: IUCN Resilience Science Group Working Paper Series
                                        • Issue_Identification: No 7

                                    Cross_Reference:
                                    • Citation_Information:
                                      • Originator: P. Houk
                                      • Originator: C. Musburger
                                      • Originator: P. Wiles
                                      • Publication_Date: 2010
                                      • Title: Water quality and herbivory interactively drive coral-reef recovery patterns in American Samoa
                                      • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
                                      • Series_Information:
                                        • Series_Name: PLOS One
                                        • Issue_Identification: 5(11)
                                      • Other_Citation_Details: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013913

                                    Cross_Reference:
                                    • Citation_Information:
                                      • Originator: K.E. Kohler
                                      • Originator: S. M. Gill
                                      • Publication_Date: 2006
                                      • Title: Coral Point Count with Excel extensions (CPCe): A Visual Basic program for the determination of coral and substrate coverage using random point count methodology
                                      • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
                                      • Series_Information:
                                        • Series_Name: Computers & Geosciences
                                        • Issue_Identification: 32(9)
                                      • Other_Citation_Details: doi: 10.1016/j.cageo.2005.11.009

                                    Cross_Reference:
                                    • Citation_Information:
                                      • Originator: M. Nystrom
                                      • Originator: N. A. J. Graham
                                      • Originator: J. Lokrantz
                                      • Originator: A. V. Norstrom
                                      • Publication_Date: 2008
                                      • Title: Capturing the cornerstones of coral reef resilience: linking theory to practice
                                      • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
                                      • Series_Information:
                                        • Series_Name: Coral Reefs
                                        • Issue_Identification: 27:795-809
                                      • Other_Citation_Details: doi: 10.1007/s00338-008-0426-z

                                    Cross_Reference:
                                    • Citation_Information:
                                      • Originator: B.L. Richards
                                      • Originator: I. D. Williams
                                      • Originator: M. O. Nadon
                                      • Originator: B. J. Zgliczynski
                                      • Publication_Date: 2011
                                      • Title: A towed-diver survey method for mesoscale fishery-independent assessment of large-bodied reef fishes
                                      • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
                                      • Series_Information:
                                        • Series_Name: Bulletin of Marine Science
                                        • Issue_Identification: 87(1)
                                      • Other_Citation_Details: doi: 10.5343/bms.2010.1019

                                    Cross_Reference:
                                    • Citation_Information:
                                      • Originator: Ivor D. Williams
                                      • Originator: Benjamin M. Richards
                                      • Originator: Stuart A. Sandin
                                      • Originator: Julia K. Baum
                                      • Originator: Robert E. Schroeder
                                      • Originator: Marc O. Nadon
                                      • Originator: Brian Zgliczynski
                                      • Originator: Peter Craig
                                      • Originator: Jennifer L. McIlwain
                                      • Originator: Russell E. Brainard
                                      • Publication_Date: 2011
                                      • Title: Differences in reef fish assemblages between populated and remote reefs spanning multiple archipelagos across the Central and Western Pacific
                                      • Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
                                      • Series_Information:
                                        • Series_Name: Journal of Marine Biology
                                        • Issue_Identification: Volume 2011
                                      • Other_Citation_Details: doi:10.1155/2011/826234
                                    Back to Top
                                    Data_Quality_Information:
                                    Logical_Consistency_Report:
                                    • The same methods of data collection were used at each of the sites surveyed at this location, and scientists/divers are required to complete training and pass identification examinations prior to conducting surveys. Divers typically enter their data into a database and perform quality assurance and control checks on the same day the data were collected. Data are examined for diver bias, outliers, and other discrepancies. Following a mission, data are processed, run through a series of validation checks, and then migrated into CRED’s master database.
                                    Completeness_Report:
                                    • Only hard-bottom habitats from 0 to 30 meters are surveyed due to NOAA diving restrictions. The survey sites were randomly selected using a systematic process based on available habitat and bathymetric data. However, although efforts are made to include broad spatial coverage, weather conditions and other environmental constraints may have prevented the team from surveying exposed reef areas.
                                    Lineage:
                                    • Process_Step:
                                      • Process_Description:
                                        Unless specified as towed survey data, all data presented were collected by rapid ecological assessments during the NOAA CRED cruise to American Samoa in 2010. Using CRED habitat and bathymetric maps, survey sites (< 30m in depth) on hard-bottomed habitat were selected using a random, depth stratified design. At each site, the fish assemblage was surveyed using a stationary point count (SPC) method. Details of the method are available (see Ault et al. 2006, Williams et al. 2011, Ayotte et al. 2011 [http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/library/pubs/admin/PIFSC_Admin_Rep_11-08.pdf]), but in brief, for each survey a pair of divers record the number, size and species of all fishes observed within adjacent visually estimated 15m-diameter cylinders. Fish abundance and size data were used to calculate fish biomass using species-specific length-weight conversion factors. Those factors and the formula used to generate weight estimates are available in Heenan et al. 2014 (http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/library/pubs/DR-14-003.pdf). At each site, a photo-transect was collected spanning the diameters of the adjacent SPC cylinder (30 photos at each site). These photos were then used to estimate planar percentage cover of benthic substrates using the point count method in Coral Point Count (CPCe [http://www.nova.edu/ocean/cpce/], a freely available tool, Kohler et al. 2006). Towed diver surveys involve a small boat towing two SCUBA divers. The divers work as a benthic and fish pair, with the fish diver recording the species, number, size and time in the survey, when large-bodied (>50 cm total length) reef fish are observed. The tow-track, together with a layback algorithm, and the time of observation are then used to estimate the geographic coordinates of sightings. This method supplements the SPC surveys by allowing for coverage of large areas of habitat that are necessary to adequately sample the generally rare and or clumped large-bodied reef fish species that are not well captured by small-scale comprehensive surveys (Richards et al. 2011). The fish data presented here were collected during towed surveys conducted during the NOAA-CRED 2010 cruise. Finally, towed benthic data collected during the 2008 cruise is also presented, as that was deemed the best information CRED has on the location of large coral colonies (> 2 m in diameter), which were noted by the towed-benthic divers during that cruise.
                                      • Process_Date: 20111216

                                    Back to Top
                                    Spatial_Reference_Information:
                                    • Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
                                      • Geographic:
                                        • Latitude_Resolution: 0.0001
                                        • Longitude_Resolution: 0.0001
                                        • Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
                                      • Geodetic_Model:
                                        • Horizontal_Datum_Name: World Geodetic System 1984
                                        • Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80 (GRS80)
                                        • Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
                                        • Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.2572236
                                    Back to Top
                                    Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
                                    Detailed_Description:
                                    • Entity_Type:
                                      • Entity_Type_Label: map_REA_data.xslx
                                      • Entity_Type_Definition: Biological Data layers from rapid ecological assessment (REA) surveys: map_fish_data worksheet and map_benthic_data worksheet
                                      • Entity_Type_Definition_Source: CRED
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Survey Year
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Survey Year
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Enumerated_Domain:
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2010
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
                                            Surveys were conducted in 2010. See the cruise report for specific dates in 2010 that each site was surveyed.
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
                                            CRED
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Island
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Island
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Unrepresentable_Domain: Variable - Island name where sampling occurred
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Site
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Site
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Unrepresentable_Domain: Variable - site name where sampling occurred
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Latitude
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Latitude
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: -11.04524
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: -14.88716
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: decimal degree
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Longitude
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Longitude
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: -171.09241
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: -168.13808
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: decimal degree
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Depth zone
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Surveys are conducted in one of three depth strata; shallow, mid and deep depths
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Enumerated_Domain:
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value: Shallow
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
                                            0 to 6 meters
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
                                            CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Enumerated_Domain:
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value: Mid
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
                                            6 to 18 meters
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
                                            CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Enumerated_Domain:
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value: Deep
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
                                            18 to 30 meters
                                          • Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
                                            CRED
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Total fish biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Total fish biomass in grams per square meter
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 1.753344238
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 150.5618747
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Fish species richness
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        The mean number of unique species recorded per site
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 13
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 61.5
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: #
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Large fish biomass gm-2 (> 50cm)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of large fish (defined as greater than 50cm in total length)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 98.37276123
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Large fish biomass gm-2 (> 70% Lmax)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of large fish (defined as greater than 70% of the species maximum length Lmax; Williams et al. 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 48.75591042
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Large serranid (groupers) biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of large fish (> 70% Lmax) of preferred fisheries target families: groupers
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 7.758902495
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Large Acanthurid (surgeonfish) biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of large fish (> 70% Lmax) of preferred fisheries target families: surgeonfish
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.01908637
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 54.12650983
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Large Scarid (parrotfish) biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of large fish (> 70% Lmax) of preferred fisheries target families: parrotfish
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 44.26161275
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: FG biomass (gm-2): browsers
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of herbivorous functional groups indicative of reef resilience: browsers, which includes some parrotfishes, some unicornfishes, rudderfishes, batfishes and a rabbitfish.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 43.58682781
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: FG biomass (gm-2): detritivores
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of herbivorous functional groups indicative of reef resilience: detritivores
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 18.20381216
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: FG biomass (gm-2): grazers/detritivores
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of herbivorous functional groups indicative of reef resilience: grazers and detritivores, which includes rabbitfishes, small angelfishes and many species of surgeonfish
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.005791284
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 17.5471783
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: FG biomass (gm-2): scrapers/small excavators
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of herbivorous functional groups indicative of reef resilience: scrapers / small excavators. Scrapers includes the majority of parrotfishes (Hipposcarus and Scarus species) while excavating species includes all Chlorurus species, the humphead parrotfish, Bolbometopon muricatum and the bicolor parrotfish Cetoscarus bicolor.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 23.82518641
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: FG biomass (gm-2): large excavators/bioeroders
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of herbivorous functional groups indicative of reef resilience: large excavators / bioeroders. Large excavators and bioeroders are the excavators mentioned in scrapers/small excavators, but greater than 35 cm in standard length.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 28.04198491
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Acanthurus lineatus biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Acanthurus lineatus biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 12.06328639
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Acanthurus nigricans biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Acanthurus nigricans biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 12.74394749
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Chlorurus japanensis biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Chlorurus japanensis biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 7.826506606
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Ctenochaetus striatus biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Ctenochaetus striatus biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 18.20381216
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Myripristis berndti biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Myripristis berndti biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 8.798703644
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Naso unicornis biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Naso unicornis biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 5.740117677
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Naso lituratus biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Naso lituratus biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 6.421028863
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Sargocentron tiere biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Sargocentron tiere biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 2.317295971
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Scarus oviceps biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Scarus oviceps biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 2.376170568
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Scarus rubroviolaceus biomass (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Scarus rubroviolaceus biomass (grams per square meter): one of several species that are landed in greatest weight by spearfishing (Domingo Ochavillo pers. comm. September 2011)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 13.61786809
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Coral cover (%)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Percent cover of (hard) corals
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 69.39501779
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: %
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Macroalgal cover (%)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Percent cover of macro-algae
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 62.67605634
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: %
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Coralline algal cover (%)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Percent cover of coralline algae
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 75.18518519
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: %
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Benthic substrate ratio
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        The ratio of positive (hard coral and coralline algae) vs. negative (macro-algae, turf algae and soft coral) colonizers.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 17.71428571
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: #
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Turf algal cover (%)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Percent cover of turf algae
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 93.66197183
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: %
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: Soft coral (%)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Percent cover of soft corals.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 13.19444444
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: %

                                    Detailed_Description:
                                    • Entity_Type:
                                      • Entity_Type_Label: map_TOW_data.xslx
                                      • Entity_Type_Definition: Biological Data layers from towed-diver surveys: tow_map_biomass worksheet, tow_shark worksheet, tow_cheilinus_undulatus worksheet, and tow_large_coral worksheet
                                      • Entity_Type_Definition_Source: CRED
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: ISLAND
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Island name where sampling occurred
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Unrepresentable_Domain: Variable
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: TOW ID
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Unique identifier for towed-diver surveys (tracks). 4-digit year, 2-digit month, 2-digit day, single-digit tow number (1-6)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 201002231
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 201003205
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: none
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: SEGMENT ID
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Unique identifier for 5-min observations (segments) of tow surveys (tracks). 4-digit year, 2-digit month, 2-digit day, single-digit tow number (1-6), 2-digit segment number (01-10)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 20100223101
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 20100320510
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: none
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: SEGMENT LATITUDE (CENTROID)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Latitude of the calculated centroid (using ArcGIS) for each 5-min observation (segment) of the tow survey
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: -14.91052889
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: -11.04530926
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: decimal degree
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: SEGMENT LONGITUDE (CENTROID)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Longitude of the calculated centroid (using ArcGIS) for each 5-min observation (segment) of the tow survey
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: -171.092538
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: -168.1376437
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: decimal degree
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: SEGMENT LENGTH (m)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Length in meters for each 5-min observation (segment) of the tow survey
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 49.89
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 366.65
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: AREA (m2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Area in square meters surveyed for each 5-minute observation (segment) of the tow survey. Divers survey 5 meters on either side of tow track.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 498.94
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 3666.50
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: m2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: BIOMASS (g)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams) of large-bodied fish greater than 50 cm total length.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 203315.46
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: g
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: BIOMASS (gm-2)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Biomass (grams per square meter) of large-bodied fish greater than 50 cm total length.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 124.49
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: gm-2
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: SEGMENT DEPTH (m)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Depth in meters of each diver for each 5-min observation (segment) of the tow survey. Divers are usually towed approximately 1 meter above the seafloor.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: -25.45888525
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: -10.10369672
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: m
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: FAMILY NAME
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Taxonomic family name of observed species.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Unrepresentable_Domain: Variable
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: TAXONOMIC NAME
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        Genus and species of of observed species.
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Unrepresentable_Domain: Variable
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: SPECIES CODE
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        CRED's 4-letter (internal) species code
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Unrepresentable_Domain: Variable
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: COUNT
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        The number of species observed of a particular size (cm) during a 5-minute observation (segment)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 3
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: #
                                    • Attribute:
                                      • Attribute_Label: SIZE (cm)
                                      • Attribute_Definition:
                                        The size in centimeters of species observed during a 5-minute observation (segment)
                                      • Attribute_Definition_Source:
                                        CRED
                                      • Attribute_Domain_Values:
                                        • Range_Domain:
                                          • Range_Domain_Minimum: 65
                                          • Range_Domain_Maximum: 200
                                          • Attribute_Units_of_Measure: cm
                                    Back to Top
                                    Distribution_Information:
                                    Distributor:
                                    • Contact_Information:
                                      • Contact_Organization_Primary:
                                        • Contact_Organization: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
                                      • Contact_Address:
                                        • Address_Type: mailing and physical address
                                        • Address:
                                          NOAA IRC
                                        • Address:
                                          NMVS/PIFSC/CRED
                                        • Address:
                                          1845 Wasp Blvd., Building 176
                                        • City: Honolulu
                                        • State_or_Province: HI
                                        • Postal_Code: 96818
                                        • Country: USA
                                      • Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
                                      • Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808 725-5429
                                      • Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
                                      • Hours_of_Service: e-mail preferred
                                    Resource_Description:
                                    • Downloadable Data
                                    Distribution_Liability:
                                    • While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
                                    Standard_Order_Process: Back to Top
                                    Metadata_Reference_Information:
                                    Metadata_Date: 20170124
                                    Metadata_Contact:
                                    • Contact_Information:
                                      • Contact_Organization_Primary:
                                        • Contact_Organization: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
                                      • Contact_Address:
                                        • Address_Type: mailing and physical address
                                        • Address:
                                          1845 Wasp Blvd., Building 176
                                        • City: Honolulu
                                        • State_or_Province: HI
                                        • Postal_Code: 96818
                                        • Country: USA
                                      • Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
                                      • Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808 725-5429
                                      • Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
                                      • Hours_of_Service: e-mail preferred
                                    Metadata_Standard_Name:
                                    • FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
                                    Metadata_Standard_Version:
                                    • FGDC-STD-001.1-1999
                                    Back to Top
                                    /search/rest/document?f=html&id=%7BD7AFA749-DF60-40DC-BBC7-C743EFC6194F%7D
                                    This Geoportal was built using the Geoportal Server. Please read the Disclaimer and Privacy or Contact Us.