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Coral Species, Colony Sizes, and Percent Coverage Based on Photoquadrat Images from the Hawaii Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: 2000 - 2002, (NODC Accession 0002312)


Identification_Information:
Citation:
  • Citation_Information:
    • Originator: Dr. Paul Jokiel
    • Originator: Dr. Kuulei Rodgers
    • Originator: Mr. Eric Brown
    • Originator: Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology
    • Originator: Department Of Oceanography
    • Originator: School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology
    • Originator: University Of Hawaii
    • Publication_Date: Unknown
    • Title: Coral Species, Colony Sizes, and Percent Coverage Based on Photoquadrat Images from the Hawaii Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program: 2000 - 2002, (NODC Accession 0002312)
Description:
  • Abstract:
    •         Fixed photoquadrats are used to examine trends of individual organisms with regards to growth,
      recruitment and mortality. Five haphazardly selected photoquadrats at each depth contour were established with 4
      pins at each corner to ensure accurate repositioning of the frame.  NODC Accession 0001115 consists of these
      photoquadrat images from CRAMP surveys taken from 1999 to 2002 at 27 sites within the main Hawaiian Islands.
      Some locations have multiple depths.  Surveys were taken once per year. Field work coincided with video transects.
      
      This data set consists of an MS Access relational database and subsequently derived spreadsheets based on these
      tables.  The data were generated by PointCount99 on the images found in NODC Accession 0001115.  The PointCount
      output (not included) is the raw data while the Access database files (MDB) are summary files as well as select
      raw data.
            
  • Purpose:
    •         To understand the ecology of Hawaiian coral reefs in relation to the geographic areas and to monitor
      change at each given site. CRAMP experimental design allows detection of changes that can be attributed to
      various factors such as:overuse (over-fishing, anchor damage, aquarium trade collection, etc.), sedimentation,
      nutrient loading,catastrophic natural events (storm wave impact, lavaflows), coastal construction, urbanization,
      global warming(bleaching), introduced species, algal invasions, and fish and invertebrate diseases. The emphasis of
      the program is on the major problems facing Hawaiian coral reefs as listed by managers and reef scientists during
      workshops and meetings held in Hawaii (1997-1998). These are:over-fishing,sedimentation,eutrophication, and algal
      outbreaks.CRAMP experimental design gives priority to areas where baseline data relevant to these issues were
      previously collected. Transect dimensions, number of replicates, and methods of evaluation have been selected to
      detect changes with statistical confidence. Standard techniques include the establishment of permanent transects
      to quantify fish, coral, algae, and invertebrates at study sites. CRAMP researchers are quantifying changes that
      have occurred on coral reefs subjected to varying degrees of fishing pressure, sedimentation,eutrophication, and
      algal growth and are conducting experimental work in order to test hypotheses concerning the role of these
      environmental factors in the ecology of coral reefs. We are also in the process of resurveying, updating and
      integrating existing ecological information on an array of coral reefs that have been designated as areas of
      concern or, "hot spots," by managers and scientists.
            
  • Supplemental_Information:
    •         These sites were surveyed using SCUBA equipment and a digital camera. The project was
      launched by the Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (CRAMP) at the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology.
            
Time_Period_of_Content:
  • Time_Period_Information:
    • Range_of_Dates/Times:
      • Beginning_Date: 20000204
      • Ending_Date: 20020207
  • Currentness_Reference:
    ground condition
Status:
  • Progress: Complete
  • Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Annually
Spatial_Domain:
  • Bounding_Coordinates:
    • West_Bounding_Coordinate: -159.7273
    • East_Bounding_Coordinate: -155.0171
    • North_Bounding_Coordinate: 22.2109
    • South_Bounding_Coordinate: 19.5118
Keywords:
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NCEI Geoportal Filter
    • Theme_Keyword: CoRIS_Metadata
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Invasive/introduced Species
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Coral Cover
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
    • Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Habitats
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
    • Theme_Keyword: Coastal studies
    • Theme_Keyword: substrate type
    • Theme_Keyword: photoquadrat images
    • Theme_Keyword: coral reef species
    • Theme_Keyword: taxa
    • Theme_Keyword: per cent coral coverage
    • Theme_Keyword: colony count
    • Theme_Keyword: colony size
    • Theme_Keyword: HCRI
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
    • Theme_Keyword: Numeric Data Sets > Biology
  • Theme:
    • Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
    • Theme_Keyword: biota
    • Theme_Keyword: 002
    • Theme_Keyword: environment
    • Theme_Keyword: 007
  • Place:
    • Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Kauai Island > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Kauai Island (22N159W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Molokai Island > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Molokai Island (21N157W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Kahoolawe Island > Kahoolawe Island (20N156W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Kalawao > Kahoolawe Island (20N156W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii Island > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Kauai > Hanalei Bay (22N159W0002)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Kauai > Hanalei Bay (22N159W0002)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Molokini Island > Molokini Islet (20N156W0003)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Molokini Islet (20N156W0003)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Olowalu (20N156W0006)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Olowalu (20N156W0006)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui > Puamana (20N156W0018)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Puamana (20N156W0018)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Hanauma Bay (21N156W0003)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Hanauma Bay (21N156W0003)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Heeia Reef (21N157W0025)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Heeia Reef (21N157W0025)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii > Kahe (21N158W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Kahe (21N158W0001)
    • Place_Keyword: OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Coconut Island ( Moku o loe ) (21N157W0005)
    • Place_Keyword: COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Coconut Island ( Moku o loe ) (21N157W0005)
  • Place:
    • Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
    • Place_Keyword: MHI
  • Place:
    • Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
    • Place_Keyword: Pacific Ocean
    • Place_Keyword: Kaapuna
    • Place_Keyword: Laaloa
    • Place_Keyword: Laupahoehoe
    • Place_Keyword: Leleiwi
    • Place_Keyword: Kawaihae
    • Place_Keyword: Nenue Pt.
    • Place_Keyword: Hoai
    • Place_Keyword: Limahuli
    • Place_Keyword: Milolii
    • Place_Keyword: Nualolo Kai
    • Place_Keyword: Hakioawa
    • Place_Keyword: Honolua North
    • Place_Keyword: Honolua South
    • Place_Keyword: Kanehena Bay
    • Place_Keyword: Kanehena Pt.
    • Place_Keyword: Kahekili
    • Place_Keyword: Maalaea
    • Place_Keyword: Papaula Pt.
    • Place_Keyword: Kamilioloa
    • Place_Keyword: Kamalo
    • Place_Keyword: Palaau
    • Place_Keyword: Pili O
    • Place_Keyword: Kaalaea
    • Place_Keyword: Pupukea
  • Stratum:
    • Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
    • Stratum_Keyword: Benthic
Access_Constraints:
  • None
Use_Constraints:
  •       Dataset credit required
        
Point_of_Contact:
  • Contact_Information:
    • Contact_Person_Primary:
      • Contact_Person: Dr. Paul Jokiel
      • Contact_Organization: Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology University of Hawaii
    • Contact_Position: Principal Investigator
    • Contact_Address:
      • Address_Type: mailing address
      • Address:
        P.O. Box 1346
      • City: Kaneohe
      • State_or_Province: Hawaii
      • Postal_Code: 96744
      • Country: USA
    • Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808-236-7440
    • Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jokiel@hawaii.edu
Data_Set_Credit:
  •       Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative,
    National Ocean Service, United States Geological Survey, State of Hawaii, Department of Land and Natural Resources,
    Division of Aquatic Resources, Kahoolawe Island Reserve Commission, United States Fish and Wildlife Service,
    Coastal Program, Limahuli National Botanical Garden, Save Our Seas
        
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
  • MS Access
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Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
  • see Process Step
Completeness_Report:
  • The 2000-2002 surveys were 100 percent complete
Lineage:
  • Process_Step:
    • Process_Description:
      Fixed photoquadrats allow examination of trends of individual organisms with regards to growth, recruitment and mortality. Five haphazardly selected photoquadrats at each depth contour were established with 4 pins at each corner to ensure accurate repositioning of the frame. The frame dimension samples 0.33 m2of the substrate at a height of 0.5m from the bottom. Surveys are made annually at the time of video transects. PointCount99 PointCount99 is a Win95/98 based PC program derived from PointCount for Coral Reefs which was developed in support of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's Florida Keys Coral Reef Monitoring Project (US EPA CRMP). The software utilizes the random point count method for accurately estimating percent coverage of corals, sponges, and associated substrate from digitally frame-grabbed underwater video images. Unlike its predecessor, PointCount for Coral Reefs, which operated in conjunction with Media Cybernetics Image-Pro Plus graphics software, PointCount99 is a stand-alone Visual Basic program built on Accusofts Image Gear platform. Funding for the development of PointCount99 was provided by the Jeanette and Lafayette Montgomery Foundation. PointCount99 makes image identification an efficient process. It calls up an image file and overlays a unique set of points supplied by an internal random number generator. PointCount99 is also able to use a unique set of random points (cd.dat) created for, and stored along with, a set of images. The user identifies each point and enters the data via a mouse driven graphic user interface. Species and substrate identifications require only a single mouse click. Corrections and multiple selections are easy to make, and hot keys are available to expedite the process. PointCount?99 also makes identifications easier by allowing the user to zoom in and out on images and enhance image quality with buttons for brightness/contrast, sharpness, and color levels. Brown, E, E Cox, B Tissot, K Rodgers, and W Smith (1999). Evaluation of benthic sampling methods considered for the Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (CRAMP) in Hawaii. International Conference on Scientific Aspects of Coral Reef Assessment, Monitoring, and Restoration. April 14-16, Ft. Lauderdale, FL.
    • Process_Date: Unknown
    • Process_Contact:
      • Contact_Information:
        • Contact_Person_Primary:
          • Contact_Person: Dr. Paul Jokiel
          • Contact_Organization: Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology University of Hawaii
        • Contact_Position: Principal Investigator
        • Contact_Address:
          • Address_Type: mailing address
          • Address:
            P.O. Box 1346
          • City: Kaneohe
          • State_or_Province: Hawaii
          • Postal_Code: 96744
          • Country: USA
        • Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808-236-7440
        • Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jokiel@hawaii.edu

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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
  • Contact_Information:
    • Contact_Organization_Primary:
      • Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/NCDDC (National Coastal Data Development Center)
    • Contact_Address:
      • Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
      • Address:
        National Coastal Data Development Center, Building 1100
      • City: Stennis Space Center
      • State_or_Province: MS
      • Postal_Code: 39529
    • Contact_Voice_Telephone: 866-732-2382
    • Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 228-688-2968
    • Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ncddcgetdata@noaa.gov
    • Hours_of_Service: 8am-5pm, Monday through Friday
Resource_Description:
  • Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
  • NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data,expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA, NESDIS, NODC and NCDDC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
  • Digital_Form:
    • Digital_Transfer_Information:
      • Format_Name: MS Access
      • Transfer_Size: 5367
    • Digital_Transfer_Option:
      • Online_Option:
        • Computer_Contact_Information:
        • Access_Instructions: Select "Details" then "Download" and "Current" to obtain a zipped copy of the most recent version. Original file received: MS Access database: Photoquad6.md Tables and queries output from this relational database are given as MS Excel and redundant ASCII CSV files tblData.xls tblData.csv parameters: comments DataID bookkeeping PhotoquadID bookkeeping, see tblPhotoquad ColonyNum number assigned to colony SpeciesCode 4 letter code used to link tblTaxon Fate Rec, Exp, Fiss-number, Fus-number, Pho, Error LiveArea cm2 SizeClass 0-10cm2=1; 10-50cm2=2; 50-200cm2=3; greater than 200cm2=4 tblSite.xls tblSite.csv parameters: comments SiteID bookkeeping Island defined by the following IslandName Site code with island/site/depth(m) Depth in meters DepthCode bookkeepping Latitude degrees.fractional minutes Longitude degrees.fractional minutes Status Open Access, FRA, etc (legal status) ReserveSize Area of reserve in hectares/acres tblSurvey.xls tblSurvey.csv parameters: comments SurveyID designated survey number for bookkeeping SiteID see tblSite SurveyDate month-day-year tblTaxon.xls tblTaxon.csv parameters: comments TaxonID bookkeeping TaxonIDCode bookkeeping Type Family SpeciesCode four-letter code for data entry TaxonName species name Synonym implicit HawaiianName implicit CommonName implicit Endemic E:endemic, I:indigenous, x:exotic tblPhotoquad.xls tblPhotoquad.csv parameters: comments PhotoquadID bookkeeping SurveyID bookkeeping, see tblSurvey PhotoquadNum photoquad number FileName raw PointCount99 data file, input tblPercentCoralCover.xls tblPercentCoralCover.csv parameters: comments Site see
  • Fees: None
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20200329
Metadata_Contact:
  • Contact_Information:
    • Contact_Person_Primary:
      • Contact_Person: Mr. Patrick C. Caldwell
      • Contact_Organization: NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/NCDDC
    • Contact_Position: Hawaii/US Pacific Liaison
    • Contact_Address:
      • Address_Type: mailing
      • Address:
        1000 Pope Road, MSB 316
      • Address:
        Dept. of Oceanography
      • Address:
        University of Hawaii at Manoa
      • City: Honolulu
      • State_or_Province: Hawaii
      • Postal_Code: 96822
      • Country: USA
    • Contact_Voice_Telephone: (808)-956-4105
    • Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (808) 956-2352
    • Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: caldwell@hawaii.edu
    • Hours_of_Service: 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays
    • Contact Instructions:
      check services@nodc.noaa.gov if not available
Metadata_Standard_Name:
  • FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version:
  • FGDC-STD-001-1998
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