Mosaic of gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Rose Atoll, American Samoa, USA

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Publication_Date: 20100607
Title:
Mosaic of gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Rose Atoll, American Samoa, USA
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Online_Linkage: <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc>
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_amsamoa_rose_bathy.htm>
Description:
Abstract:
Gridded multibeam bathymetry is integrated with bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite data. Gridded (5 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry were collected aboard the R/V AHI (Acoustic Habitat Investigator). Bathymetry values shallower than 25 m were derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite image by analyzing the relative attenuation of blue and green spectral radiance as a function of depth. A multiple linear regression analysis of linearized blue and green band spectral values against multibeam depths determined the variables of y-intercept, blue slope and green slope values. Variables were then used in multivariate slope intercept formula to derive depth. Variables were adjusted to improve the statistical accuracy and spatial coverage of the final derived bathymetry product. Digital image processing to derive depths conducted with the ENVI 4.5 software program while data editing and integration was performed using ArcGIS 9.3. This dataset is for the bank and lagoon environment of Rose Atoll, American Samoa, USA.
Purpose:
The data were derived in support of NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program goals. Goal 1 is to map all U.S. Coral Reef Ecosystems. This data set specifically addresses Objective 1 and 4: to develop high-resolution benthic maps and to characterize priority deep water reefs and associated habitats. This integration of derived bathymetry data provides a GIS layer with expanded spatial coverage that may be used for benthic and essential fish habitat characterization, and for the study of geologic features. By combining the dataset with other bathymetry, backscatter, derivatives, and in situ data, they collectively compose benthic habitat maps designed to be used to understand and predict shallow depth (0m to 150m) benthic habitats for organisms that inhabit coral reef ecosystems.
Supplemental_Information:
Geographic Information System (GIS) project and National Ocean Service's (NOS) coral mapping activities. Orthographically corrected IKONOS Imagery was provided by NOAA's National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment. The metadata for this IKONOS imagery is documented in the original product metadata, po_87351_metadata_rose (<http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/>) Gridded multibeam data were collected aboard the R/V AHI (Acoustic Habitat Investigator), a 25' survey launch owned and operated by the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center in Honolulu, HI. The metadata for the bathymetry is documented in the product metadata, Rose_5m.asc.txt. <http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_amsamoa_rose.htm>
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20020305
Ending_Date: 20060313
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -168.173489
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -168.136652
North_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.527710
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -14.561023
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: elevation
Theme_Keyword: 006
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Geographic Information > Bathymetry
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Remote Sensing > Satellite (digital scans) > IKONOS
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat > Description
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Bathymetry
Theme_Keyword:
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Water Depth
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Place Thesaurus
Place_Keyword:
OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > American Samoa > Rose Atoll (14S168W0001)
Place_Keyword:
COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > American Samoa > American Samoa > Rose Atoll (14S168W0001)
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: CoRIS Region
Place_Keyword: AmSam
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data are not to be used for navigation purposes. Please acknowledge NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, the Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research (JIMAR) University of Hawaii and Davey Jones Locker GIS Laboratory Oregon State University as the sources of this information.
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/amsamoa_images/Rose_bathymetry_mb&IKONOS_445.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Gridded Bathymetry
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Data_Set_Credit:
NOAA PIFSC CRED, the Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center and Davey Jones Locker GIS Laboratory Oregon State University
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: Not applicable
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description: Not applicable
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
ArcGIS ASCII file or ArcGIS Grid file, bathymetry derived from 4x4m multispectral satellite imagery (IKONOS) using ENVI 4.5, multibeam and derived bathymetry were integrated using ArcGIS 9.3

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Data are collected for resource management and research purposes and are tested for internal consistency; however, no effort is made to compare these data to external references or to other published data.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
These data are believed to be logically consistent though no tests were performed
Completeness_Report: Complete
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Horizontal positioning system: GPS C/A Horizontal position accuracy: 25 meters
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Range resolution of sonar: varies with depth Raw sounding resolution: varies with depth Vertical accuracy of gridded sonar product: ~ 1% of water depth Vertical accuracy of derived bathymetry product: 5 meter range
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Multiple tools in ENVI 4.5 were used to complete the following processing steps: Data conversion from digital number to radiance, correction for atmosphere and water surface reflection, linearization of spectral decay as function of depth, masking of non-applicable values, and bathymetric derivation using variables from multiple linear regression analysis. Multiple tools in ArcGIS 9.3 were used for dataset integration and to extract values for the multiple linear regression analysis and subsequent error analyses. The statistics program S-Plus was used for the multiple linear regression analysis to provide original variables for depth derivation. The multivariate slope intercept formula used to derive depth was Depth=Yint+(Mblue)(Xblue)+(Mgreen)(Xgreen). Fourteen derived products from the image rose_msi_rat_final (Rose351) were integrated to expand spatial coverage. This image was provided in TIFF format. The original MLR variables for Rose351 were Yint=13.2711, Mblue=1.8847, and Mgreen=11.2034. The product derived from these variables (Rose351_DB) was mosaiced with thirteen additional products derived using increasingly reduced Y-intercept values as follows: Yint=12.2711 (Rose351_DB1), Yint=11.2711 (Rose351_DB2), Yint=10.2711 (Rose351_DB3), Yint=9.2711 (Rose351_DB4), Yint=8.2711 (Rose351_DB5), Yint=7.2711 (Rose351_DB6), Yint=6.2711 (Rose351_DB7), Yint=5.2711 (Rose351_DB8), Yint=4.2711 (Rose351_DB9), Yint=3.2711 (Rose351_DB10), Yint=2.2711 (Rose351_DB11), Yint=1.2711 (Rose351_DB12), Yint=0.2711 (Rose351_DB13). This was done to increase coverage in shallow areas. A detailed description of these processing steps is available at: <http://oregonstate.edu/~hogrefek/Cookbook/Cookbook_042108.pdf> An error analysis of each derived bathymetry grid used is available from PIBHMC upon request.

This mosaiced derived bathymetry product (rose_dball2) was then integrated with the multibeam sonar data, with sonar data prioritized over derived data, to create the final product (rose_5m_dbmb), through the following steps.

Initially, grdmath, a Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) algorithm that combines multiple grids, was used to combine the mosaicked derived bathymetry product (rose_dball2) with the gridded multibeam bathymetry (rose_5m). The AND operator was used to prioritize use of the multibeam grid over the derived bathymetry grid, where the two overlapped. The resulting product was found to have a noticeable artifact in the form of a marked step in depth on the bank top, where the derived bathymetry and multibeam bathymetry grids met. To avoid this problem, the final product was created by integrating the mosaic derived bathymetry product (rose_dball2) with an extracted subset of the multibeam data that only covered the inner lagoon. First, Fledermaus 3D Editor was used to extract xyz values from the multibeam data to create a subset covering the inner lagoon (rose_lagoon.xyz). The GMT nearneighbor algorithm was used to create a netCDF grid from the lagoon multibeam data. Secondly, xyz points were extracted from the derived bathymetry product (rose_dball2) using the Sample tool, available in ESRI ArcToolbox. The GMT nearneighbor algorithm was used to create a nearneighbor grid from these data. The two nearneighbor grids (one from the lagoon multibeam bathymetry and one from the mosaiced derived bathymetry product) were combined using grdmath. The AND operator was used to prioritize use of the multibeam grid over the derived bathymetry grid, where the two overlapped. The resulting grid (ros_5m_dbmb.nn.grd) was then converted to ASCII format using LINUX/UNIX commands in combination with GMT. (rose_5m_dmbm.asc). GMT is an open source collection of tools for manipulating geographic data sets. Additional information about GMT can be found at: www.soest.hawaii.edu/gmt

Process_Date: 20100601

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell
Row_Count: 835
Column_Count: 917
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: -2
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -171.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 10000000.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: Row and Column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 5.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 5.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Contact_Person: John Rooney
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: NOAA IRC
Address: NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
Address: 1845 WASP Blvd., Building 176
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96818
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808 725-5429
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
These data are not to be used for navigational purposes. NOAA makes no warranty regarding these data, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data, nor as a result of the failure of these data to function on a particular system.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Arc ASCII
Format_Information_Content:
Arc ASCII can be converted to Arc Raster using ArcToolbox Conversion Tools (ASCIItoRaster).
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/pibhmc/pibhmc_amsamoa_rose_bathy.htm>
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20140312
Metadata_Review_Date: 20100823
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Pacific Islands Benthic Habitat Mapping Center (PIBHMC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Contact_Person: CRED Data Management Team
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: NOAA IRC
Address: NMFS/PIFSC/CRED
Address: 1845 WASP Blvd., Building 176
City: Honolulu
State_or_Province: HI
Postal_Code: 96818
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 808 725-5360
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 808 725-5429
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: nmfs.pic.credinfo@noaa.gov
Contact_Instructions: e-mail preferred
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: Universal Time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None

CoRIS:
CoRIS_ID: 20100823021151
CoRIS_Children: None
CoRIS_Beginning_Date: 20020305
CoRIS_Ending_Date: 20060313
CoRIS_Metadata_Link:
<http://www.coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/html/rose_5m_dbmb_asc.html>
CoRIS_Tracking_ID: 4948

Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Thu Jul 31 10:41:21 2014