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Navassa is a small, uninhabited, and isolated oceanic island located in the Windward Passage approximately 55 km west of the southwestern tip of Haiti. The Island is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as a U.S. National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge includes a 12 mile radius of marine habitat. Because of its remote location and uninhabited status, Navassa's surrounding marine ecosystem is relatively healthy. Although there are no permanent residents, transient Haitian subsistence fishers regularly visit the island.

Navassa location map

Navassa is a small isolated island (about 3.5 km2) which arises abruptly from fairly deep water about 55km west of the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti.


Satellite image of Navassa Island

Satellite image of Navassa Island, an uninhabited U.S. possession in the Caribbean Sea located between Haiti and Jamaica. A shallow reef is present at the northwestern tip of the island. Most bottom depths adjacent to shore begin at 20 meters.


Reef and Fisheries Assessment of Navassa Island National Wildlife Refuge (2002-2009)

Sponges of Navassa: A photographic key

A preliminary study of the marine biota at Navassa island, Caribbean Sea

Status of reef resources of Navassa Island: cruise report Nov. 2002

Characterization of Navassa National Wildlife Refuge: A preliminary report for NF-06- 05 (NOAA ship Nancy Foster, April 18-30, 2006). NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS #38

Navassa Island Expedition 2009

Observations on Fisheries Activities at Navassa Island

Oral history and contemporary assessment of Navassa Island fishermen.

Report on the Status of Marine Protected Areas in Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States. Volume 1: Marine Protected Areas Managed by U.S. States,Territories, and Commonwealths. NOAA Technical Memorandum CRCP 2 February 2007

State of The Reefs report (SOTR)

The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2008.

The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2005.

The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2002.

Metadata, Data and Publications search in CoRIS

Search the CoRIS Geoportal for Navassa metadata, data and publications.

ReefBase Coral Bleaching Reports

Select "U.S. Caribbean" in the region window and "Navassa Island (USA) " in the Country window.

Near-real-time Data

Coral Reef Watch Satellite Monitoring

The Global Temperature-Salinity Profile Program

Other Data

Flora of Navassa Island

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS)

USGS Water Resources Links for: 21030002 - Navassa

Fractal Analysis of the Navassa Island Seascape

Navassa Island Maps - Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection

Education and Outreach

Navassa Island - World Fact Book

U.S. Department of the Interior / Office of Insular Affairs

  • Navassa Island
  • Order to delegate the Secretary of the Interior's responsibilities for the administration of Navassa Island to the Director of the Office of Insular Affairs and to establish the process for entry onto Navassa.
    Order No. 3205

Marine Protected Areas/Marine Managed Areas(MPA)

Marine Protected Areas of the United States Home Page

The Marine Protected Areas Inventory

Federal MPA Legislation

Marine Federal Areas Fact Sheet

Executive order 13158: Marine Protected Areas

Navassa National Wildlife Refuge