This project was sponsored and funded by the U.S. EPA, Office of Research and Development. The EPA developed a decision-support tool to evaluate restoration alternatives in the Restoration Management Plan for the Guanica Bay Watershed in southwest Puerto Rico. Several teams were in charge of different ecosystem services (benefits humans receive from coral reef ecosystems). Ecosystem services for coral reefs included recreation-tourism, food supply (commercial fishing and consumptive motive of recreational fishing), ornamentals (aquarium trade), pharmaceuticals, and property values from storm protection. The EPA decision-support tool was limited to the coral reefs of southwest Puerto Rico but because public scoping determined that recreation-tourism information was needed for the entire island’s coral reef ecosystems this study covers all of Puerto Rico. However, due to costs, this study was limited to visitor use of Puerto Rico’s coral reef ecosystems.
This study gathered data by administering two main socioeconomic surveys: the airport survey and the CUSTOMER survey. The airport survey was administered in two parts. The first was an on-site survey at the airport on flights leaving Puerto Rico and the second was a mailback survey given to visitors after completion of the on-site portion. The CUSTOMER survey was conducted on-site at hotels, marinas, dive shops, beaches, and other locations where reef-using visitors could be found. With the data gathered from these surveys, scientists working on this project generated a total of six reports. All six of these reports are available for download through the "Report Download" section of this portal. In addition, the survey questions and survey data are available for download through the "Data Download" section.
What are Coral Reefs?
Appearing as solitary forms in the fossil record more than 400 million years ago, corals are extremely ancient animals that evolved into modern reef-building forms over the last 25 million years. Continue Reading →
coral reef conservation program
The NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) is a partnership between the NOAA Line Offices that work on coral reef issues: the National Ocean Service, the National Marine Fisheries Service, the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, and the National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service. The CRCP brings together expertise from across NOAA for a multidisciplinary approach to managing and understanding coral reef ecosystems.
Contact CRCP →
NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program
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NOAA's Coral Reef Information System
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