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Republic of the Marshall Islands

The Republic of the Marshall Islands is a collection of 1,225 islands and islets of which only five are single islands. The rest are grouped into 29 coral atolls and five solitary low coral islands, which together make up more than 10 percent of all the atolls in the world. They lie in two parallel chains known as sunrise (Ratak) and sunset (Ralik). They are narrow and low and encircle large central lagoon.

The Marshall Islands are spread out over an exclusive economic zone of nearly 1 million square miles. It is one of only four atoll nations in the world and is also one of the world’s youngest nations, independent since 1986. Majuro atoll, capital of the Marshall Islands, is the most developed atoll with a thriving commercial and political center and a population of nearly 30,000. The Marshall’s Kwajalein Atoll is the largest atoll in the world.

In general, the reefs of the Marshall Islands are in good condition and have experienced minimal damage from bleaching, destructive fishing techniques, and sedimentation. Even those in the former nuclear test sites have shown remarkable recovery. However, there is some evidence of unsustainable resource exploitation. For example, the largest giant clams have been harvested and the current take of grouper, reef shark, and Napoleon wrasse may not be sustainable. The reefs near the urban areas of Majuro are stressed, but still have an abundance of fishes and invertebrates. Localized outbreaks of crown-of-thorns starfish, Acanthaster planci, and coral disease were observed around Majuro in 2005.

Marshall Islands satellite map

Republic of the Marshall Islands satellite map

Highlights

Facilitator's Guide to Implementing the Reimaanlok Conservation Planning Process
Facilitator's Guide to Implementing the Reimaanlok Conservation Planning Process cover image

The Field Guide was developed to fill the need for a conservation area planning framework and "develop principles, process, and guidelines for the design, establishment, and management of conservation areas that are fully owned, led, and endorsed by local communities based on their needs, values, and cultural heritage." This step-by-step guide includes management tools and examples that will help facilitators establish resource management plans and community-based conservation areas that consider current and future trends (including climate change), locally and globally, that affect the islands' resources and their sustainability. The Guide is published and available online at http://seagrant.soest.hawaii.edu/sites/seagrant.soest.hawaii.edu/files/publications/reimaanlok_fieldguide.pdf.

Publications

Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands Coral Reef Ecosystems Mapping Report - NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 144

Transforming the live reef food fish trade towards sustainability in the Republic of the Marshall Islands through community-based coral reef conservation and fisheries management

SEM-Pasifika Workshop report, Republic of the Marshall Islands May 4-9, 2008

Coral reef biodiversity community-based assessment and conservation planning in the Marshall Islands: baseline surveys, capacity building and natural protection and management of coral reefs of the atoll of Rongelap (RALgov public report - 2002)

Coral reef biodiversity community-based assessment and conservation planning in the Marshall Islands: Baseline surveys, capacity building and natural protection and management of coral reefs of the atolls of Rongelap and Mili. Final Report to National Fishery and Wildlife Foundation - 2003

Pacific Islands Water Science Center Publications - Republic of the Marshall Islands

Facilitator's Guide to Implementing the Reimaanlok Conservation Planning Process

State of The Reefs Report (SOTR)

The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2008.

The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2005.

The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2002.

Metadata, Data and Publications Search in CoRIS

Search the CoRIS Geoportal for Marshall Islands metadata, data and publications, or enter the name of any of its components, such as "Kwajalein Atoll", in the CoRIS Geoportal search box and press the "Search" button.

ReefBase Coral Bleaching Reports

Select “Micronesia” in the Region window and “Marshall Islands” in the Country window

Near-real-time Data

Coral Reef Watch Satellite Monitoring

Coral Reef Watch - Coral Triangle Virtual Stations

The Global Temperature-Salinity Profile Program

NOAA CO-OPS - Tide Data

NOAA Tidal Predictions - Marshall Islands

National Weather Service

National Data Buoy Center - Western Pacific Recent Marine Data

Other Data

Benthic Habitat Mapping of Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands

GIS Map of Mosaiced LandSat 7 ETM+ Satellite Imagery of the Republic of the Marshall Islands

Republic of the Marshall Islands monitoring data archived in NOAA's National Oceanographic Data Center

Key Documents

Environmental Issues in the Marshall Islands

Executive orders, Secretarial Orders, and Congressional Acts

Micronesia Coral Reef Initiative

Education and Outreach

The Marshall Islands: A Brief history

Embassy of the Republic of the Marshall Islands

U.S. State Department Notes

BBC News: Country Profile. Republic of the Marshall Islands

Marshall Islands Visitors Authority

CIA World Fact Book – Marshall Islands

U.S. Department of State Background Note

Plants and Environments of the Marshall Islands

Bikini Atoll

Marshall Islands - General Historical and Contemporary Information

Marshall Islands Conservation Society (MICS)

Marine Protected Areas/Marine Managed Areas

Marine Protected Areas of the United States Home Page

The Marine Protected Areas Inventory

Federal MPA Legislation

Marine Federal Areas Fact Sheet

Executive order 13158: Marine Protected Areas

Coral Reef MPAs of East Asia and Micronesia - Marshall Islands

UNEP Islands Web Site

http://islands.unep.ch/CLL.htm

Marshall Islands   Ailinginae
Marshall Islands   Ailinglaplap
Marshall Islands   Ailuk
Marshall Islands   Arno
Marshall Islands   Aur
Marshall Islands   Bikar
Marshall Islands   Bikini
Marshall Islands   Bokaak
Marshall Islands   Ebon
Marshall Islands   Enewetak
Marshall Islands   Erikub
Marshall Islands   Jabwot
Marshall Islands   Jaluit
Marshall Islands   Jemo
Marshall Islands   Kili
Marshall Islands   Knox
Marshall Islands   Kwajalein
Marshall Islands   Lae
Marshall Islands   Lib
Marshall Islands   Likiep
Marshall Islands   Majuro
Marshall Islands   Maloelap
Marshall Islands   Mejit
Marshall Islands   Mili
Marshall Islands   Namorik
Marshall Islands   Namu
Marshall Islands   Rongelap
Marshall Islands   Rongrik
Marshall Islands   Taka
Marshall Islands   Ujae
Marshall Islands   Ujelang
Marshall Islands   Utrik
Marshall Islands   Wotho
Marshall Islands   Wotje

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